Questions tagged [covenant]

God's covenants with individuals (e.g. Abraham) and nations (e.g. Israel at Sinai, other nations mentioned in the books of the prophets).

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Why did God make a covenant with Abraham though He promised and swore on His name? Gen 15.8-21, Rom 4.21, Heb 6.13-16)

Abram believed the LORD, and it was credited to him as righteousness. Gen 15:6 and The LORD also told him, “I am the LORD, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to possess....
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Was Jesus drawing a parallel to Exodus 24:8 when he said, "This is my blood of the covenant?"

Then he took the record of the covenant and read it aloud to the people. And they said, “All that the LORD has spoken we will faithfully do!” 8 Moses took the blood and dashed it on the people and ...
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What is the biblical worldview of the arabs that Paul encountered in his three years from his conversion? [closed]

Did he encounter a view of God that was based on Abraham as the father of the Arabs apart from the Jews? Could God have been helping him to understand abrahamic covenant theology from the Arab ...
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Which fathers is Moses referring to in Deuteronomy 5:3?

KJV Deuteronomy 5 : 3 The LORD made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day. In the above text its not clear which fathers Moses was referring ...
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I've been assigned to do an exegesis on Gal. 3:15-20 this coming Sunday morning and I would appreciated any help with this passage

(ESV) Gal. 3:15-20 15 To give a human example, brothers:[fn] even with a man-made covenant, no one annuls it or adds to it once it has been ratified. 16 Now the promises were made to Abraham and to ...
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Does calling the Sabbath a "sign" (אות‎) between God and Israel mean it was given to distinguish Israel from other nations?

In various passages, God calls the Sabbath a "sign" (Hebrew, אות‎) between Him and Israel (all NKJV, emphasis mine): "Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: 'Surely My Sabbaths ...
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Does the etymology of the word "Righteousness" in the "Lord of our Righteousness" in Jeremiah 23:6 specifically refer to a covenant?

I overheard in a Sunday school lesson that the etymology of the word "righteous" includes the concept of a covenant that has since been lost in translation. However, I have been unable to ...
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Seeking explanations for renounced covenant and God’s wrath “against (His) anointed” in Psalm 89:38-45

Psalms 89:38-45 38 But now you have cast off and rejected; you are full of wrath against your anointed. 39 You have renounced the covenant with your servant; you have defiled his crown in the dust. ...
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If the covenant of Christ only permits men to call God "Father" (Galatians 4:5, Ephesians 1:5) - How can Isaiah call YHVH "Father" under Mosaic Law? [closed]

If the covenant of Christ only permits men to call God "Father" (Galatians 4:5, Ephesians 1:5) - How can the prophet Isaiah call YHVH "Father" under Mosaic Law? [Yeshayahu ...
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Hebrews 9 - A 'New Covenant' for Whom?

HEBREWS 9:15 For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance—now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the ...
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Is Psalm 51:11 proof that people in O.T. times could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too, just like in the New Testament?

Psalm 51:11 (ESV): Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me. Does this mean that people in the Old Testament could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too? ...
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Is wealth no longer a sign of a covenant? [closed]

The Old Covenant, entered into with the physical bloodline children of Israel, makes this remark, as a sign that validated the covenant “You shall remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives ...
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At what exact moment did/will the Old Covenant disappear/vanish away? Hebrews 8:13

Hebrews 8:13: By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear. [NIV] When He said, “A new covenant,” He has made the first ...
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What is meant by "obsolete" in Hebrews 8:13?

Hebrews 8:13 (ESV): 13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. What is meant by obsolete? Related ...
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At what exact moment did the old covenant become obsolete? Hebrews 8

Hebrews 8 (ESV): Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 a minister in the holy places, ...
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James 2:10 pertains to breaking the law as viewed from a holistic perspective,& also has Nothing to say about degrees of severity of different sins

James 2:8-13 8 If, however, you are fulfilling the [a]royal law according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well. 9 But if you show partiality, you are ...
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Which Covenant?

1 COR 11:25 In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.” Which covenant is Paul/...
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Israelite covenant: everlasting or obsolete?

1 Chronicles 16:6-7,14-18 (NIV) says that the Israelite covenant is everlasting: 6 and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests were to blow trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God. 7 Then ...
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What laws, exactly, will God put in Christians' hearts and write in their minds?

Hebrews 10:15-16 (NIV) reads: 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them after that time, says the Lord. I will put my laws in ...
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"And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord"

In Exodus 24:4 (NASB) And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. (...) What are "the words of the Lord"?
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Why the LORD wasn't angry when Joshua's generation failed to be circumcised on the 8th day?

After the Israelites crossed the Jordan but prior to invading Jericho, the LORD told Joshua: "Make flint knives and circumcise this second generation of Israelites." (Josh 5:2) Josh 5:5 ...
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What were the terms of the covenant of brotherhood between Israel and Tyre?

Reference to 1 Kings 5:12. Since nations had no relations of blood, by virtue of a treaty, they had a relationship of brotherhood. Hence, Tyre and Israel were brothers. Reference to Amos 1:6, Tyre ...
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What law and covenant is Revelation 15:5 talking about when it says "the tabernacle of the covenant law"? What about Revelation 11:19?

Revelation 15:5 talks about a covenant and a law: After this I looked, and I saw in heaven the temple—that is, the tabernacle of the covenant law—and it was opened. (Rev 15:5 NIV) Similarly, ...
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Can we conclude that the mandate to keep a literal seventh day Sabbath is obsolete from Exodus 31:12-17, Hebrews 8 and Hebrews 4? [closed]

I will present 3 passages from Scripture and what I understand from each one. 1) Exodus 31:12-17 (NIV) 12 Then the Lord said to Moses, 13 “Say to the Israelites, ‘You must observe my Sabbaths. This ...
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Who is the root and the tree in Romans 11?

But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree, do not be arrogant toward the ...
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Genesis 25:27-34 , was Esau like a famished/hungry whining adolescent/teenager Or was he really Starving, and genuinely needed food?

Genesis 25:27-34 27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the field, but Jacob was a [s]peaceful man, [t]living in tents. 28 Now Isaac loved Esau, because [u]he had a taste ...
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Which covenant was confirmed "with the many"for one week? (Daniel 9:27)

Daniel 9:27 (NET Bible) 27 He will confirm a covenant with many for one week. But in the middle of that week, he will bring sacrifices and offerings to a halt. On the wing[ of abominations will ...
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Would Jacob's vow in Genesis 28:20-22 also be a vow that "demostrates piety toward God"?

In light of @dottard interesting posted response( https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/49820/19810 ) ----------------------------Excerpt of @dottard interesting posted response---------------------...
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Do blessings and curses transcend the covenants?

It is clear that blessings and curses were part of the Old Covenant Deu30:19. But do blessings and curses transcend covenants? Are they universal regardless of the covenant, new or old? “Bless those ...
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Can a way Christ's mission to "fulfill" the law be understood as finishing the marriage between God and Israel through his death? [closed]

Can a way Christ's mission to "fulfill" the law (Mat 5:17-18) be understood as finishing ("It is finished" John 19:30 b) the marriage between God and Israel through his death? Thus ...
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Is Psalm 56:12 describing a 2-way agreement(or vow) between God and the author of said Psalm?

Psalm 56:11-12 (NASB) 11 In God I have put my [a]trust, I shall not be afraid. What can man do to me? 12 Your vows are binding upon me, O God; I will render thank offerings to You. Psalm 56:11-12 (...
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Jeremiah 31:32 Which covenant did they break?

Jeremiah 31:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, The majority ...
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What does justice/judgment (mishpat) refers to in Psalm 105:7?

In Psalm 105 (ESV), the Psalmist asks Israel to "remember the wondrous works that he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he uttered" (v5), where he reviewed how the LORD delivered them from ...
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Is Isaiah 9:6-7 relating to Jesus the covenant promises of Abraham from Genesis 17:1-8?

I have often heard it suggested that by Isaiah referring to the Messiah as "Everlasting Father" as a name, or part of his name, Isaiah is saying that the Messiah was to be "fully God&...
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What is priesthood covenant (covenant with Levi) in Malachi 2:4?

What is priesthood covenant in Malachi 2:4 and how do you interpret it in the context of the passage? NIV: And you will know that I have sent you this warning so that my covenant with Levi may ...
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Faulty "covenant" or "ministry" in Hebrews 8:7?

Hebrews 8:7 refers to something with 'fault', and the referent is almost invariably indicated to be the first 'covenant' in English translations. Some of the more literal translations miss the word ...
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According to Acts 21:17-26 are the Jews who are under the New Covenant bound to keep the law of Moses for any reason?

1. According to Acts 21:17-26 are the Jews who are under the New Covenant bound to keep the law of Moses for any reason? 2. Did this incident in verse 26 happen before or after writing the epistles of ...
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In Genesis 9:15 what does the covenant promise about floods?

Long before Abraham there was Noah and this covenant: [Gen 9:15-16 NIV] 15 I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become ...
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In Isaiah 59:21 are the descendants of the apostles (even today) likewise infallible?

KJV Isaiah 59: (20) And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. (21) As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My ...
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Does Jeremiah 31:31 affect the Davidic covenant?

Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah (Jeremiah 31:31 ESV) Since the house of Judah includes the house of ...
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In Hebrews 9:26 what does the author mean by "συντέλεια τῶν αἰώνων"?

ESV Hebrews 9:26 for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end (συντέλεια) of the ages (τῶν αἰώνων) to ...
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Exegesis of Galatians 3:20 ( Now a mediator is not for one party only; whereas God is only one )

Exegesis of Galatians 3:20 ( Now a mediator is not for one party only; whereas God is only one ) Galatians 3:15-22 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 15 Brethren, I speak [x]in terms of human ...
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In Hebrews 9:16 does the author understand the covenant (διαθήκη) to be a "last will and testament"?

I notice that many English translations render διαθήκη in Hebrews 9:16 as either "will" or "testament": http://biblehub.com/hebrews/9-16.htm Is that correct or should it just be rendered "covenant" ...
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In Romans 11:28 to whom does Paul refer when he speaks of elect Jews who are enemies of the gospel?

Is Paul referring to particular people when he speaks of elect Jews who are nonetheless enemies of the gospel? KJV Rom 11:25  For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this ...
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What does Paul mean by "ministers of a new covenant" in 2 Corinthians 3:6?

NIV 2 Cor 3:6 He has made us competent as ministers of a new covenant--not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants]...
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"Covenant" or "covenants" in Romans 9:4?

In Romans 9:4, Paul writes (NIV): Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises. It seems that some of ...
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Who were the priests the LORD was referring to prior to the giving of the Law and the ordination of Aaron? (Exodus 19:22-24)

The events of Exodus 19 onward occurred during the first Pentecost. These events took place about 50 days after the first Passover in Egypt. There were no ordained priests in Israel yet. The only ...
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What is the covenant of Levi?

What is the "covenant of Levi" referred to at Malachi 2:8? ESV But you have turned aside from the way. You have caused many to stumble by your instruction. You have corrupted the covenant of Levi,...
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Is "until heaven and earth pass away" from Matthew 5:18 an idiomatic expression?

Matthew 5:17 and 18 from the NASB: Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass ...
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Why is it possible to "fall from grace" by keeping the law?

According to Paul - what is his reasoning to claim it is possible to "fall from grace" by keeping the law? NASB, Galatians 5:3 - And I testify again to every man who receives circumcision, that he ...
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