Questions tagged [covenant]

God's covenants with individuals (e.g. Abraham) and nations (e.g. Israel at Sinai, other nations mentioned in the books of the prophets).

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Israelite covenant: everlasting or obsolete?

1 Chronicles 16:6-7,14-18 (NIV) says that the Israelite covenant is everlasting: 6 and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests were to blow trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God. 7 Then ...
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What laws, exactly, will God put in Christians' hearts and write in their minds?

Hebrews 10:15-16 (NIV) reads: 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them after that time, says the Lord. I will put my laws in ...
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“And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord”

In Exodus 24:4 (NASB) And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. (...) What are "the words of the Lord"?
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Why the LORD wasn't angry when Joshua's generation failed to be circumcised on the 8th day?

After the Israelites crossed the Jordan but prior to invading Jericho, the LORD told Joshua: "Make flint knives and circumcise this second generation of Israelites." (Josh 5:2) Josh 5:5 ...
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What were the terms of the covenant of brotherhood between Israel and Tyre?

Reference to 1 Kings 5:12. Since nations had no relations of blood, by virtue of a treaty, they had a relationship of brotherhood. Hence, Tyre and Israel were brothers. Reference to Amos 1:6, Tyre ...
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What law and covenant is Revelation 15:5 talking about when it says “the tabernacle of the covenant law”? What about Revelation 11:19?

Revelation 15:5 talks about a covenant and a law: After this I looked, and I saw in heaven the temple—that is, the tabernacle of the covenant law—and it was opened. (Rev 15:5 NIV) Similarly, ...
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Can we conclude that the mandate to keep a literal seventh day Sabbath is obsolete from Exodus 31:12-17, Hebrews 8 and Hebrews 4? [closed]

I will present 3 passages from Scripture and what I understand from each one. 1) Exodus 31:12-17 (NIV) 12 Then the Lord said to Moses, 13 “Say to the Israelites, ‘You must observe my Sabbaths. This ...
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Who is the root and the tree in Romans 11?

But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree, do not be arrogant toward the ...
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Genesis 25:27-34 , was Esau like a famished/hungry whining adolescent/teenager Or was he really Starving, and genuinely needed food?

Genesis 25:27-34 27 When the boys grew up, Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the field, but Jacob was a [s]peaceful man, [t]living in tents. 28 Now Isaac loved Esau, because [u]he had a taste ...
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Which covenant was confirmed “with the many”for one week? (Daniel 9:27)

Daniel 9:27 (NET Bible) 27 He will confirm a covenant with many for one week. But in the middle of that week, he will bring sacrifices and offerings to a halt. On the wing[ of abominations will ...
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Would Jacob's vow in Genesis 28:20-22 also be a vow that “demostrates piety toward God”?

In light of @dottard interesting posted response( https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/a/49820/19810 ) ----------------------------Excerpt of @dottard interesting posted response---------------------...
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Do blessings and curses transcend the covenants?

It is clear that blessings and curses were part of the Old Covenant Deu30:19. But do blessings and curses transcend covenants? Are they universal regardless of the covenant, new or old? “Bless those ...
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Can a way Christ's mission to “fulfill” the law be understood as finishing the marriage between God and Israel through his death? [closed]

Can a way Christ's mission to "fulfill" the law (Mat 5:17-18) be understood as finishing ("It is finished" John 19:30 b) the marriage between God and Israel through his death? Thus ...
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Is Psalm 56:12 describing a 2-way agreement(or vow) between God and the author of said Psalm?

Psalm 56:11-12 (NASB) 11 In God I have put my [a]trust, I shall not be afraid. What can man do to me? 12 Your vows are binding upon me, O God; I will render thank offerings to You. Psalm 56:11-12 (...
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Jeremiah 31:32 Which covenant did they break?

Jeremiah 31:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, The majority ...
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What does justice/judgment (mishpat) refers to in Psalm 105:7?

In Psalm 105 (ESV), the Psalmist asks Israel to "remember the wondrous works that he has done, his miracles, and the judgments he uttered" (v5), where he reviewed how the LORD delivered them from ...
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Is Isaiah 9:6-7 relating to Jesus the covenant promises of Abraham from Genesis 17:1-8?

I have often heard it suggested that by Isaiah referring to the Messiah as "Everlasting Father" as a name, or part of his name, Isaiah is saying that the Messiah was to be "fully God&...
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What is priesthood covenant (covenant with Levi) in Malachi 2:4?

What is priesthood covenant in Malachi 2:4 and how do you interpret it in the context of the passage? NIV: And you will know that I have sent you this warning so that my covenant with Levi may ...
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Faulty “covenant” or “ministry” in Hebrews 8:7?

Hebrews 8:7 refers to something with 'fault', and the referent is almost invariably indicated to be the first 'covenant' in English translations. Some of the more literal translations miss the word ...
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According to Acts 21:17-26 are the Jews who are under the New Covenant bound to keep the law of Moses for any reason?

1. According to Acts 21:17-26 are the Jews who are under the New Covenant bound to keep the law of Moses for any reason? 2. Did this incident in verse 26 happen before or after writing the epistles of ...
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In Genesis 9:15 what does the covenant promise about floods?

Long before Abraham there was Noah and this covenant: [Gen 9:15-16 NIV] 15 I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become ...
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In Isaiah 59:21 are the descendants of the apostles (even today) likewise infallible?

KJV Isaiah 59: (20) And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. (21) As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My ...
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Does Jeremiah 31:31 affect the Davidic covenant?

Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah (Jeremiah 31:31 ESV) Since the house of Judah includes the house of ...
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In Hebrews 9:26 what does the author mean by “συντέλεια τῶν αἰώνων”?

ESV Hebrews 9:26 for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end (συντέλεια) of the ages (τῶν αἰώνων) to ...
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Exegesis of Galatians 3:20 ( Now a mediator is not for one party only; whereas God is only one )

Exegesis of Galatians 3:20 ( Now a mediator is not for one party only; whereas God is only one ) Galatians 3:15-22 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 15 Brethren, I speak [x]in terms of human ...
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In Hebrews 9:16 does the author understand the covenant (διαθήκη) to be a “last will and testament”?

I notice that many English translations render διαθήκη in Hebrews 9:16 as either "will" or "testament": http://biblehub.com/hebrews/9-16.htm Is that correct or should it just be rendered "covenant" ...
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In Romans 11:28 to whom does Paul refer when he speaks of elect Jews who are enemies of the gospel?

Is Paul referring to particular people when he speaks of elect Jews who are nonetheless enemies of the gospel? KJV Rom 11:25  For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this ...
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What does Paul mean by “ministers of a new covenant” in 2 Corinthians 3:6?

NIV 2 Cor 3:6 He has made us competent as ministers of a new covenant--not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants]...
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“Covenant” or “covenants” in Romans 9:4?

In Romans 9:4, Paul writes (NIV): Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises. It seems that some of ...
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Who were the priests the LORD was referring to prior to the giving of the Law and the ordination of Aaron? (Exodus 19:22-24)

The events of Exodus 19 onward occurred during the first Pentecost. These events took place about 50 days after the first Passover in Egypt. There were no ordained priests in Israel yet. The only ...
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What is the covenant of Levi?

What is the "covenant of Levi" referred to at Malachi 2:8? ESV But you have turned aside from the way. You have caused many to stumble by your instruction. You have corrupted the covenant of Levi,...
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Is “until heaven and earth pass away” from Matthew 5:18 an idiomatic expression?

Matthew 5:17 and 18 from the NASB: Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass ...
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Why is it possible to “fall from grace” by keeping the law?

According to Paul - what is his reasoning to claim it is possible to "fall from grace" by keeping the law? NASB, Galatians 5:3 - And I testify again to every man who receives circumcision, that he ...
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In Exodus, Were the Tablets of Stone a Testimony, or did they Contain Testimony? [duplicate]

Closely Related: - What was written on the stone tablets? - Why were the Ten Commandments written on two tablets? - Does anyone know for sure what was written in the tablets mentioned in Exodus 16:34? ...
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What is the significance of Abraham's name change with the covenant from YHWH?

YHWH makes a covenant with Abram and first changes his name to Abraham, but how does this relate to the covenant? I’m interested because YHWH’s name is mentioned about 7,000 times in the tanach so ...
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Are Genesis 15 and 17 two different covenants with Abram/Abraham?

God made a covenant with Abram in Genesis 15, specifically Verse 18 On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your descendants I have given this land, From the river of Egypt as far ...
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What is the New Covenant referenced during the Last Supper?

In Luke 22:20 during the Last Supper, why is the cup of wine (Jesus blood) referred to as the New Covenant? What was the Old Covenant?
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What is the Covenant of Peace in Ezekiel?

Ezek. 34:25 וכרתי להם ברית שלום וְהשבתי חיה־רעה מן־הארץ וישבו במדבר לבטח וישנו ביערים׃ Ezek. 37:26 וכרתי להם ברית שלום ברית עולם יהיה אותם ונתתים והרביתי אותם ונתתי את־מקדשי בתוכם לעולם׃ ...
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What was written on the stone tablets?

The wikipedia page, and most other depictions of the tablets are that they are of the ten commandments. When I read Exodus, it seems at least to me a little less clear as to what exactly was written, ...
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What is a “covenant of salt”?

In Numbers 18:19, God says the holy contributions made by the people of Israel belong to Aaron and his descendants forever, as a "covenant of salt". I've never seen this term before. What does it ...
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How to reconcile God's promise to Abraham with the current Jewish population?

The current Jewish population in the world is c. 14 million (c. 0.2% of the world's population). In Gn 15:5, God asks Abraham to [l]ook toward heaven, and number the stars, if you he was able to ...
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What does Mark's account of the upper room reveal about Judas' part in the new covenant?

Mark 14:21 (RSV) reads For the Son of man goes as it was written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had not been born. ...
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Who are the people of God in Psalm 100?

Psalm 100:3 seems to express a covenant formula, denoting a relationship between God as his particular people. Similar to the formula elsewhere of, "I will be your God, you shall be my people." (e.g. ...
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Were the men in Ezra 10:3 breaking marriage covenents by divorcing their foreign wives?

In other cases, Israel was called to keep their ill-advised covenents such as the one made with the Gibeonites. Why would it be preferred to break marriage covenents in this case? They even make a ...
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What does “Scripture” in the NT refer to?

This is in follow-up to this Q & A Paul wrote the following passage in II Timothy 3: 14 But you must continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom you ...
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Which covenant is “New” in Galatians 3?

The Hebrew scriptures point toward a new covenant that God will make (Jeremiah 31:31-34), and the New Testament interprets this as realized in Jesus (Hebrews 8). However, in Galatians 3, it almost ...
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Why is Moses' reference to God's promise in Exodus 32 effective?

Exodus 32:9-14 (NIV quoted): 9 “I have seen these people,” the LORD said to Moses, “and they are a stiff-necked people. 10 Now leave me alone so that my anger may burn against them and that I may ...