Questions tagged [chronology]

The timing/ordering of biblical events, which are not always described in sequence. What happened when?

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23
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3answers
21k views

Why is Genesis careful to record the exact dates of the flood?

Genesis 7:11 (NIV, emphasis mine) In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month—on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates ...
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of a ...
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Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
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Why did Jesus begin his ministry at age 30?

Luke 3:23 (ESV) 23 Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, Why did Jesus begin his ministry when he was about 30 ...
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When did God create the waters in Genesis 1:2?

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Genesis 1:2 Now the earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering ...
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How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
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Why did the Masoretes take away 100 (or 50) years from the age of the fathers at their first sons' dates of birth?

The Septuagint (along with the Samaritan Pentateuch) and Flavius Josephus in his Jewish Antiquities allow for about 6 to 7 hundred more years from our days back to the Flood (which accordingly would ...
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Did Abraham leave Haran before or after his father died?

Genesis 11:31-12-1 appears to indicate that Abram left Haran after his father Terah had died. (The author of the New Testament book of Acts certainly saw it that way.) Terah took his son Abram and ...
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When did, “Satan fall from Heaven like lightning.” Luke 10:18?

A couple of recent questions regarding Satan/devil on this site, has prompted me to ask a related question. In Luke 10:17 after the seventy-two returned,they say to Jesus (NIV), "Lord,even the ...
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12answers
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Luke 3:1-3 was Luke mistaken about the year in which John the Baptist's preaching began?

Luke goes into detail concerning the beginning of Christ’s ministry. To quote: “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being ...
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How could King Herod have killed John the baptist in Matthew 14?

According to Matthew's narrative King Herod is said to have died whilst Christ was still a child in Egypt with his parents.It is said King Herod had been succeeded by his son Archelaus when Joseph ...
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847 views

Ancient Hebrew Calendar(s) and Modern Translations of “Years”

When we read Genesis or Samuel/Kings/Chronicles (or any OT book that attempts any sort of reliable chronology), what are reasonable meanings of the word (translated) "year?" Suppose I wanted to ...
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What is an “anachronism” in Biblical Hermeneutics?

I have run across several definitions as it relates to "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics and I am confused: An anachronism in word studies takes place when we read a definition of a word ...
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169 views

The confusing order of Laban's tent raids in Genesis 31:33

In Genesis 31:33 we read of Laban's search of the tents of Jacob's party: וַיָּבֹא לָבָן בְּאֹהֶל יַעֲקֹב וּבְאֹהֶל לֵאָה וּבְאֹהֶל שְׁתֵּי הָאֲמָהֹת וְלֹא מָצָא וַיֵּצֵא מֵאֹהֶל לֵאָה וַיָּבֹא ...
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When was Jesus made both Lord and Christ?

Acts 2:36 (ESV): 36 Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.” God has made Jesus both Lord and Christ. When ...
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956 views

From the time what came to be? - Isaiah 48:16

I'm just not sure what the it is referring to here, or is it implied? Is it connected to wherever there is? Isaiah 48:16 (ESV) Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not spoken ...
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6answers
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How long were the Children of Israel enslaved in Egypt, according to the Bible?

In Genesis 15:13 God told Abram that his descendants would be slaves in a foreign land for 400 years. This number is also mentioned in Acts 7:6. Exodus 12:41 says that the Israelites were in Egypt ...
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In what month did Jesus fast according to Matthew?

Matthew 4:1 ► Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil (NIV). In what month did this happen? For most other great (or maybe all) events in the life of Jesus,...
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In Acts 20:7, why is the phrase τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων translated “the first day of the week” when it could mean “the first Sabbath”?

I noticed that the Greek phrase τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων in Acts 20:7 is often translated “the first day of the week.” However, I assert that it could also mean “the first Sabbath” because the noun ...
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What is the context in Mark and Luke as regards the buying and preparing of the spices?

I have a question about the context of Mark 16:1 and Luke 23:56 as they relate to the buying and preparing of the burial spices for Jesus of Nazareth. Mark 16:1 (ESV) states: When the Sabbath was ...
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1answer
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Why did John write in this seemingly time-bending way?

John 11:1-2 (NLT) 11 A man named Lazarus was sick. He lived in Bethany with his sisters, Mary and Martha. 2 This is the Mary who later poured the expensive perfume on the Lord’s feet and ...
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Chronology of Jesus' ministry: John and the Synoptics

I've heard that there is a recent trend to see the Fourth Gospel - despite its obvious theological purpose as compared to especially Luke - as actually more chronological than the Synoptics. Wikipedia ...
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1answer
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What is the order of events of Nahum and Jonah?

I was reading the book of Nahum and it was speaking about Nineveh. Is the book of Nahum foretelling the destruction of Nineveh, for which the people of Nineveh averted by repenting of their sins, or ...
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Did Mary actually leave Elizabeth before John was born?

When Mary heard from the angel Gabriel that Elizabeth was in her 6th month of pregnancy, Mary quickly left to join her. As the two greeted and the baby John leaped for joy in her womb, Elizabeth was ...
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“Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” - Is John 3:3 a universal statement, O.T. Saints included?

John 3:1-7 (ESV): Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, ...
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2answers
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Calculation of date from Genesis 7:11

Does Genesis 7:11 say: A) the floodwaters burst open in the 17th day, the second month of the 600th year of Noah's life, or B) the floodwaters burst open in the 17th day, the second month in the ...
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2answers
259 views

Is there a published version of the Bible, where the text is ordered chronologically in the order it was written?

Has there been a published version of the Bible where the text was ordered in the order it is best assumed that it was written? I'm not interested in a version that is ordered in a chronological ...
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1answer
457 views

Assyrian Invasions of Israel

Previous to the fall of Samaria, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria made several excursions into Israel. The biblical records mention three: The first was against Menahem (2 Kings 15:19-20) but he was ‘...
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2answers
160 views

Are there non-Rabbinical hermeneutics that recognize deliberate, non-chronological ordering of texts in the Pentateuch?

In Rabbinic Literature there is a principle of Biblical interpretation known as אין מוקדם ומאוחר בתורה (Ein Mukdam U'me'uhar B'Torah), which postulates that the Pentateuch does not (necessarily) ...
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5answers
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How old was Ahaz when Hezekiah was born?

How old would Ahaz have been when his son, Hezekiah was born? A cursory look at 2 Kings 16:1 and 18:1 suggest he may have only been eleven. (Ahaz was 20 when he became king and he reigned 16 years. ...
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11answers
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What might “on the third day” stand for in John 2:1?

John 2 (Amplified Bible): 1 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus also was invited with His disciples to the wedding. I have been trying ...
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3answers
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In the Gospels, How Should the Hours of the Day be Understood?

Per this question, there was a comment suggesting that the 6th hour may actually be the 3rd hour - or even the noon hour. Being unfamiliar with this, how is the 6th hour possibly the same as the ...
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8answers
357 views

Did the Word of God pre-exist as the Son of God before He was begotten of Mary?

In Daniel 3:25, KJV, after seeing the four men in the fiery furnace, Nebuchadnezzar stopped short of saying that the fourth man was the Son, but rather was “like the Son of God.” He answered and ...
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4answers
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Use of leap years in the bible [closed]

As we can clearly see, the bible relates to a month as a 30 days period: 150 days of the flood which are five month (genesis 7,8), the feast of Ahasuerus of 180 days that are 6 months and so on. We ...
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2answers
817 views

Hosanna — when?

From Wikipedia: Triumphal entry into Jerusalem: In the accounts of the four canonical Gospels, Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem takes place in the days before the Last Supper, marking the ...
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3answers
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What does the Gesture of “uncovering feet” and “laying to Boas feet” mean?

In Ruth 3,4 it is written: When he gets ready to go to sleep, take careful notice of the place where he lies down. Then go, uncover his legs, and lie down beside him. He will tell you what you should ...
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3answers
490 views

Did Jehoahaz and Jehoash's reign overlap?

2 Kings 13:1 says that Jehoahaz began to reign in the 23rd year of Joash king of Judah and that he (Jehoahaz) reigned for 17 years. This means that Jehoahaz's reign ended in the 40th year of Joash's ...
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3answers
318 views

What is meant by “these are a shadow of the things to come” in Colossians 2:16-17?

Colossians 2:16-17 (ESV): 16 Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath. 17 These are a shadow of the things to ...
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4answers
428 views

Luke's Starting Point: From Beginning of Tiberius' co-regency OR from Beginning of His Reign?

I am researching when Jesus began His ministry and when He died. The main (although not the only) piece of information is found in Luke's account: In the fifteenth year of Emperor Tiberius’ rule; ...
5
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1answer
587 views

Noah - 600 before his 600th

In Genesis 7:6 we read Noah was 600 years old when the flood landed. Only four verses later we read he'd been in his 600th year when the flood began. Why would the author write of the events in that ...
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7answers
288 views

When will all be accomplished? Matthew 5:18

Matthew 5:17-18 (NASB): 17 “Do not presume that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not ...
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1answer
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How many days elapsed between Jesus's baptism and his return to Galilee?

Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that a period of at least forty days separated Jesus's baptism from his return to Galilee. Mark (1:9-15) writes, 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee ...
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5answers
152 views

At what exact moments did Jesus start and finish emptying himself in Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (YLT): 5 For, let this mind be in you that [is] also in Christ Jesus, 6 who, being in the form of God, thought [it] not robbery to be equal to God, 7 but did empty himself, the form ...
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6answers
296 views

When shall those who hunger and thirst for righteousness be satisfied? Matthew 5:6

Matthew 5:6 (ESV): 6 “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied. When will this happen?
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1answer
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The time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3

Is it possible based on the text, especially on the mentioned observation days, to tell the time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3: And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all ...
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4answers
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Faith & Works - Is Paul responding to James or James responding to Paul?

James & Paul cite the same Old Testament story in their arguments about faith & works. From James: 21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the ...
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3answers
551 views

In Genesis, Did God Work and Rest on the Sabbath?

Closely Related: - Judaism.Stackexchange - Did God Create the Sabbath Rest? 1. Question - Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek Analysis : Setting aside Jewish and Christian doctrines, and traditional ...
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4answers
826 views

Luke 23:54 - How should “Sabbath Dawning” be Interpreted?

The Syriac of Luke 23:54 seems to affirm an interpretation of "Sabbath Dawning". In addition, the same word seems to be used 43 times in the Syriac New Testament to mean "Dawn". So,...
4
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2answers
738 views

Was Joseph sold to Egypt before the Dinah incident?

Dinah incident Genesis 34:1 KJV 1 And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. 2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of ...
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7answers
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How long did Noah take building the ark?

I've always heard (sermons, etc.) that Noah took 100 years building the ark. Recently, however, I studied the ark in the Bible, and I am unable to find any place in the Old Testament or the New where ...