Questions tagged [chronology]

The timing/ordering of biblical events, which are not always described in sequence. What happened when?

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“Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” - Is John 3:3 a universal statement, O.T. Saints included?

John 3:1-7 (ESV): Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, ...
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How long were the Children of Israel enslaved in Egypt, according to the Bible?

In Genesis 15:13 God told Abram that his descendants would be slaves in a foreign land for 400 years. This number is also mentioned in Acts 7:6. Exodus 12:41 says that the Israelites were in Egypt ...
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Chronology of Jesus' ministry: John and the Synoptics

I've heard that there is a recent trend to see the Fourth Gospel - despite its obvious theological purpose as compared to especially Luke - as actually more chronological than the Synoptics. Wikipedia ...
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When does eternal life begin? When we believe in the Son (1 John 5:11-12, John 3:36, 5:24) or on Judgement Day (Matthew 25:31-46)?

According to the Apostle John, eternal life begins when we believe in the Son: 36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God ...
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Why is there a difference of 100 (or 50) years in the age of the patriarchs at their first sons' dates of birth between the LXX, SP and MT?

The Septuagint (along with the Samaritan Pentateuch) and Flavius Josephus in his Jewish Antiquities allow for about 6 to 7 hundred more years from our days back to the Flood (which accordingly would ...
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Revelation: Before or after AD70?

My question is about how the Book of Revelation is dated. Some say it was written before the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, and others say it was written later (maybe around AD 96.) Obviously the ...
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Ancient Hebrew Calendar(s) and Modern Translations of "Years"

When we read Genesis or Samuel/Kings/Chronicles (or any OT book that attempts any sort of reliable chronology), what are reasonable meanings of the word (translated) "year?" Suppose I wanted to ...
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When did the 7 + 62 (69) weeks (483 years, in fact) start and then end, which then heralded "Messiah the Prince", as portrayed in Dan 9:25 [NASB]?

This much written about and endlessly debated time period, in my opinion, has to be understood before we can even think about ascertaining when the "70th week" of Daniel's famed prophecy ...
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How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
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Did Abraham leave Haran before or after his father died?

Genesis 11:31-12-1 appears to indicate that Abram left Haran after his father Terah had died. (The author of the New Testament book of Acts certainly saw it that way.) Terah took his son Abram and ...
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When did, "Satan fall from Heaven like lightning." Luke 10:18?

A couple of recent questions regarding Satan/devil on this site, has prompted me to ask a related question. In Luke 10:17 after the seventy-two returned,they say to Jesus (NIV), "Lord,even the ...
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What is an "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics?

I have run across several definitions as it relates to "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics and I am confused: An anachronism in word studies takes place when we read a definition of a word ...
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At what exact moments did Jesus start and finish emptying himself in Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (YLT): 5 For, let this mind be in you that [is] also in Christ Jesus, 6 who, being in the form of God, thought [it] not robbery to be equal to God, 7 but did empty himself, the form ...
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Does Philippians 2:5-8 indicate chronological progression?

Based upon comments to this question on Christianity SE and, looking at the text of Philippians 2:5-8: Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form ...
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In the Gospels, How Should the Hours of the Day be Understood?

Per this question, there was a comment suggesting that the 6th hour may actually be the 3rd hour - or even the noon hour. Being unfamiliar with this, how is the 6th hour possibly the same as the ...
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Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted?

The Syriac of Luke 23:54 seems to affirm an interpretation of "Sabbath Dawning". In addition, the same word seems to be used 43 times in the Syriac New Testament to mean "Dawn". So,...
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At what exact moment did the old covenant become obsolete? Hebrews 8

Hebrews 8 (ESV): Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 a minister in the holy places, ...
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of a ...
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Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
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Why does Acts not mention the deaths of Peter and Paul?

As far as we know, Peter and Paul died in Rome in the mid 60s. According to most scholars the Book of Acts is dated to 80+, sometimes as late as 120. Given how often the book mentions Peter and ...
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In Acts 20:7, why is the phrase τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων translated “the first day of the week” when it could mean “the first Sabbath”?

I noticed that the Greek phrase τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων in Acts 20:7 is often translated “the first day of the week.” However, I assert that it could also mean “the first Sabbath” because the noun ...
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Faith & Works - Is Paul responding to James or James responding to Paul?

James & Paul cite the same Old Testament story in their arguments about faith & works. From James: 21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the ...
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As Mary was too poor to offer a lamb after giving birth to Jesus, offering birds instead, does this prove the Magi had not yet pitched up with gold?

As Mary was too poor to offer a lamb after giving birth to Jesus, offering birds instead, does this prove the Magi had not yet pitched up with gold? Otherwise, she could have afforded to buy a huge ...
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When shall we see "face to face"? 1 Corinthians 13:12

1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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When was the Gospel of Mark written?

We have a variety of questions on the provenance of the Gospel of Mark, such as: Can we date Mark without first committing to an interpretation of the Olivet Discourse? Who was the author of Mark? ...
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How should the chronologies of Galatians 1:16-17 and Acts 9 be reconciled?

I would like to know where in respect to Acts 9 the events of Galatians 1:16-17 most likely occurred. Here are two possibilities: …. And immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and he ...
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What is meant by "these are a shadow of the things to come" in Colossians 2:16-17?

Colossians 2:16-17 (ESV): 16 Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath. 17 These are a shadow of the things to ...
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5 votes
12 answers
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What might "on the third day" stand for in John 2:1?

John 2 (Amplified Bible): 1 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus also was invited with His disciples to the wedding. I have been trying ...
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Is there any interpretative room for considering the prophetic predictions of Matthew 24:29-31 as already fulfilled?

Matthew 24:29-31 (YLT): 29 `And immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from the heaven, and the ...
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Did Jesus re-visit John after his wilderness experience?

The Gospel of John describes a scene where John the Baptist saw Jesus coming toward him and he made the following statement: “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is ...
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How old was Jacob when he first saw Rachel?

Jacob is born in Genesis 25:26 After this, his brother came out, with his hand grasping Esau’s heel; so he was named Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when Rebekah gave birth to them. Isaac bids ...
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Re. The Crucifixion: Possible to Correlate Timekeeping and Calendar Systems?

Related: - Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset? - In the Gospels, How Should the Hours of the Day be Understood? - Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day ...
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Why is Genesis careful to record the exact dates of the flood?

Genesis 7:11 (NIV, emphasis mine) In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month—on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates ...
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How old was David when he fought Goliath?

1 Samuel 17:33 (NRSV) says: Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are just a boy, and he has been a warrior from his youth.” I have taken ...
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When did God create the waters in Genesis 1:2?

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Genesis 1:2 Now the earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering ...
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When was the book of Joel written?

The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel. Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Hath this been in your days, or in the days of your fathers? Tell ye ...
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Luke 3:1-3 was Luke mistaken about the year in which John the Baptist's preaching began?

Luke goes into detail concerning the beginning of Christ’s ministry. To quote: “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being ...
Christian Gedge's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
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Why did John write in this seemingly time-bending way?

John 11:1-2 (NLT) 11 A man named Lazarus was sick. He lived in Bethany with his sisters, Mary and Martha. 2 This is the Mary who later poured the expensive perfume on the Lord’s feet and ...
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7 answers
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Is Psalm 51:11 proof that people in O.T. times could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too, just like in the New Testament?

Psalm 51:11 (ESV): Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me. Does this mean that people in the Old Testament could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too? ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Calculation of date from Genesis 7:11

Does Genesis 7:11 say: A) the floodwaters burst open in the 17th day, the second month of the 600th year of Noah's life, or B) the floodwaters burst open in the 17th day, the second month in the ...
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6 votes
7 answers
895 views

When will all be accomplished? Matthew 5:18

Matthew 5:17-18 (NASB): 17 “Do not presume that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill. 18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not ...
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6 votes
6 answers
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Did Mary actually leave Elizabeth before John was born?

When Mary heard from the angel Gabriel that Elizabeth was in her 6th month of pregnancy, Mary quickly left to join her. As the two greeted and the baby John leaped for joy in her womb, Elizabeth was ...
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Does Genesis 7:6 chronologically follow Genesis 7:11?

Genesis 7:5-12 5 And Noah did according to all that the LORD commanded him.6 Noah was six hundred years old when the floodwaters were on the earth. 7 So Noah, with his sons, his wife, and his sons' ...
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How long did Noah take building the ark?

I've always heard (sermons, etc.) that Noah took 100 years building the ark. Recently, however, I studied the ark in the Bible, and I am unable to find any place in the Old Testament or the New where ...
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Did the Word of God pre-exist as the Son of God before He was begotten of Mary? [closed]

In Daniel 3:25, KJV, after seeing the four men in the fiery furnace, Nebuchadnezzar stopped short of saying that the fourth man was the Son, but rather was “like the Son of God.” He answered and ...
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At what exact moment did/will the Old Covenant disappear/vanish away? Hebrews 8:13

Hebrews 8:13: By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear. [NIV] When He said, “A new covenant,” He has made the first ...
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Is Jesus's return on the clouds the same event as Him riding the white horse?

Jesus says that He will return "on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory" (Matt 24:30). Is this the same event as when He returns on the white horse in Revelation 19? And I saw ...
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1 answer
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Are there any Psalms written by David before he came to the limelight?

I'm looking for Psalms written by David right up until when he killed Goliath. Google so far has been unfruitful.
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3 answers
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When was the Book of Ruth set?

"In the days when the judges ruled,[a] there was a famine in the land. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab."- Ruth 1:...
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1 answer
187 views

Is there any evidence to support the "different calendar theory" often invoked to resolve chronological discrepancies in the gospels?

Is there any evidence that there was a confusion of calendars in the first century, such that dates reported within the NT might vary as to the "actual" date of an event, and some authors (...
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