Questions tagged [chronology]

The timing/ordering of biblical events, which are not always described in sequence. What happened when?

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5 answers
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Does Matthew 26:64 describe immediate or future events?

"You have said so," Jesus replied. "But I say to all of you: From now on, you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven.&...
-3 votes
10 answers
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Was the ministry of Jesus 3 1/2 years or 70 weeks?

Was the ministry of Jesus 3 1/2 years or 70 weeks? "The Gospels record that exactly seventy weeks - four hundred and ninety days - transpired from the day that Yeshua was baptized in water until ...
7 votes
5 answers
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What does the Gesture of "uncovering feet" and "lying to Boas feet" mean?

In Ruth 3,4 it is written: When he gets ready to go to sleep, take careful notice of the place where he lies down. Then go, uncover his legs, and lie down beside him. He will tell you what you should ...
5 votes
3 answers
536 views

In Genesis 2:21-22, KJV, why was Eve taken out of man (Adam), and not formed from the dust of the ground?

And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he ...
5 votes
2 answers
267 views

Does anyone know precisely whether the gospel of Matthew was written before or after AD 70?

I pray that someone may have some reliable sources that I would like to use when speaking to atheists. What is the evidence that Matthew was written before or after AD 70?
1 vote
1 answer
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(1 Chronicles 7:15-17) "Machir took a wife for Huppim and Shuppim" then does it mean that Machir was arranged a marriage for Huppim & Shuppim?

1 Chronicles 7:6-19 NASB Descendants of Benjamin 6 The sons of Benjamin were three: Bela and Becher and Jediael. 7 The sons of Bela were five: Ezbon, Uzzi, Uzziel, Jerimoth and Iri. They were heads ...
8 votes
3 answers
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1 Samuel 20:18: How was the First of the Month / New Moon Determined?

Closely Related: • Judaism.SE/How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen? • Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law • Astronomy.SE/How Soon Could a Waxing Crescent Moon Be ...
5 votes
7 answers
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Was Benjamin born before or after Joseph was sold into slavery?

Genesis 35:16-18 NIV 16 Then they moved on from Bethel. While they were still some distance from Ephrath, Rachel began to give birth and had great difficulty. 17 And as she was having great difficulty ...
5 votes
15 answers
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How could the earth form before the sun?

In the Bible it clearly states: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. (Genesis 1:1) and then in the same chapter: And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, ...
5 votes
7 answers
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In the Gospels, How Should the Hours of the Day be Understood?

Per this question, there was a comment suggesting that the 6th hour may actually be the 3rd hour - or even the noon hour. Being unfamiliar with this, how is the 6th hour possibly the same as the ...
3 votes
4 answers
259 views

Does Luke 3:1 contradict John 2:20 on the timing of Jesus' ministry?

Luke 3:1 says that John started preaching in Tiberius' 15th year, which means that Jesus couldn't have begun his ministry earlier than late 28 AD. Some claim that Luke is counting from Tiberius' time ...
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1 answer
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Location of 2 Samuel 24 (David's Census)

2 Samuel 23:1 includes that last words of David, king of Israel. And yet, on the next page we have a story of the kingdom of David (2 Samuel 24) featuring the king himself, and also the prophet Gad ...
15 votes
4 answers
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Why does Acts not mention the deaths of Peter and Paul?

As far as we know, Peter and Paul died in Rome in the mid 60s. According to most scholars the Book of Acts is dated to 80+, sometimes as late as 120. Given how often the book mentions Peter and ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Is there a chart/ timeline of prophecies made by Jeremiah and their fulfilment?

I am reading Jeremiah, and would like to see a summary of the prophecies made by Jeremiah, and where/when/how they are/aren't (yet) fulfilled, with references to other books of the Bible, or ...
2 votes
3 answers
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How long did Saul reign?

In 1 Samuel 13:1 (BPT09) Saul era de meia-idade, quando se tornou rei de Israel e reinou cerca de vinte anos. which translates to: Saul was middle-aged when he became king of Israel and reigned for ...
2 votes
3 answers
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Must Acts 13:21 mean that Saul reigned 40 years?

Acts 13:21 is usually taken to mean that Saul reigned 40 years. However, some hold that the forty years are to include Samuel's time on the scene before Saul's reign began. Here are the revelant ...
8 votes
5 answers
509 views

At what exact moments did Jesus start and finish emptying himself in Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (YLT): 5 For, let this mind be in you that [is] also in Christ Jesus, 6 who, being in the form of God, thought [it] not robbery to be equal to God, 7 but did empty himself, the form ...
26 votes
4 answers
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Why is Genesis careful to record the exact dates of the flood?

Genesis 7:11 (NIV, emphasis mine) In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month—on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates ...
5 votes
3 answers
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Is Jesus's return on the clouds the same event as Him riding the white horse?

Jesus says that He will return "on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory" (Matt 24:30). Is this the same event as when He returns on the white horse in Revelation 19? And I saw ...
5 votes
4 answers
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How did Elijah send a letter to King Jehoram, if Elijah had already been taken to heaven?

In 2 Chronicles 21, the wicked King Jehoram of Judah receives a letter from the prophet Elijah. The letter from Elijah said this, in part: “This is what the Lord, the God of your father David, says: ‘....
20 votes
3 answers
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of a ...
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1 answer
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How many mighty warriors did David have? 37 or 53?

2 Samuel 23 was likely recorded at the end of David's reign and it records 37 mighty men and guards 2 Samuel 23:1 (NKJV): "Now these are the last words of David..." 2 Samuel 23:39 (NKJV): ...
2 votes
5 answers
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Is Acts 2:17 applicable today?

Acts 2:17 "'In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams. Was this ...
4 votes
5 answers
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Was the "abomination of desolation" Caligula's proposed statue in the Temple?

In Mark 13:14 (and similarly in Matthew 24:15) Jesus is reported as saying: "When you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ standing where it does not belong—let the reader understand—...
2 votes
2 answers
627 views

When did Caleb attack Hebron - Before or After Joshua's Death?

In Joshua 14:6 - 15, we read that, after 7 years of conquest, Joshua gave Hebron to Caleb as an inheritance. Up until verse 12, chapter 15 describes the rest of Judah's allotment. Verses 13 - 19 turns ...
3 votes
6 answers
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In Genesis 1 was it the heavens or the earth which were created first?

Initially it is said that God created the heavens and the earth, which would suggest that the heavens were created first since they're are mentioned first. Genesis 1:1 NASB In the beginning God ...
3 votes
3 answers
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Why is 1 Samuel 14:49-51 missing such a large portion of Saul's family?

1 Samuel 14:49-51 tells us that: 49 Saul’s sons were Jonathan, Ishvi and Malki-Shua. The name of his older daughter was Merab, and that of the younger was Michal. 50 His wife’s name was Ahinoam ...
8 votes
10 answers
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In Acts 20:7, why is the phrase τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων translated “the first day of the week” when it could mean “the first Sabbath”?

I noticed that the Greek phrase τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων in Acts 20:7 is often translated “the first day of the week.” However, I assert that it could also mean “the first Sabbath” because the noun ...
8 votes
6 answers
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At what exact moment did Jesus transition from being rich to being poor according to 2 Corinthians 8:9?

I'm aware of the recently asked question When was Jesus rich? 2 Corinthian 8:9, and it's very likely that some readers will almost knee-jerkly react by voting to close this question as a duplicate. ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Paul’s Encounter

Is there any historical evidence to date around what time Paul encountered Jesus? I’ve heard it said that he acually encountered him in 37 AD when Jesus m was still alive (granted, I’m pretty sure, ...
-1 votes
3 answers
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Gen. 1:12 Is there a problem with fruiting trees created on the 3rd day, and animals created on days 5 and 6? [closed]

The problem is that fruiting trees (flowering plants) didn't arrive until about 160 million years ago. Animals (including dinosaurs and mammals) date back more than 200 million years. Are there any ...
4 votes
6 answers
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When and for How Long was Israel Enslaved by the Egyptians?

This post is somewhat related to Do We Know with Reasonable Certainty Where Goshen was Located? According to (D-R) Exod. 12:40, And the abode of the children of Israel that they made in Egypt, was ...
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1 answer
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In the lists of kings for both Judah and Israel, is there a way to determine if kings were coregent and how that might effect the Biblical timeline?

For example, King David gave his son Solomon the throne while David was still alive to keep the peace within the kingdom (1 Kings 1:30-39). It was important that the rightful heir to David’s throne be ...
3 votes
2 answers
249 views

Dating Babylonian Destruction of Jerusalem w/ Only the Bible

I am interested to see if it's possible to obtain an approximate date of when Jerusalem was destroyed (secular sources say 587 BCE using cuneiform tablets, astronomy, etc.) with only the Bible and its ...
1 vote
4 answers
91 views

Does Matthew 4:12 imply that Jesus travelled from Judea to Nazareth to Capernaum?

Matthew 4:12 states: 12 When Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, he withdrew to Galilee. 13 Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, Matthew 2:19-23 states: Then after being ...
3 votes
2 answers
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Did the Israelites spend 40 or 41 years in the wilderness?

The Book of Numbers begins the year after the Israelites left Egypt. Most of that year has been spent at Mt. Sinai: Numbers 1:1 The LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of ...
4 votes
6 answers
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Did Samuel pitch in within seven days as promised in 1 Samuel 10:8?

Samuel promises to meet Saul within seven days at Gilgal 1 Samuel 10:8 NIV 8 “Go down ahead of me to Gilgal. I will surely come down to you to sacrifice burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, ...
2 votes
3 answers
487 views

Are Paul (1 Cor 15:52) and Jesus (Matt 24:29-31) describing the same event, and if so, when will/did this happen?

In Matthew 24:29-31, Jesus describes what is commonly known as the "The Coming of the Son of Man": 29 “Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Are there any Psalms written by David before he came to the limelight?

I'm looking for Psalms written by David right up until when he killed Goliath. Google so far has been unfruitful.
12 votes
2 answers
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When was the book of Joel written?

The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel. Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Hath this been in your days, or in the days of your fathers? Tell ye ...
0 votes
6 answers
280 views

Does Hebrews 9:26 indicate when Jesus first appeared?

Hebrews 9:26 for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of ...
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1 answer
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Tribe of Asher found in Luke 2 [closed]

In Luke 2:36 he mentions Anna of the Tribe of Asher. How long has it been since this tribe has been mentioned in scripture?
9 votes
11 answers
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What is the context in Mark and Luke as regards the buying and preparing of the spices?

I have a question about the context of Mark 16:1 and Luke 23:56 as they relate to the buying and preparing of the burial spices for Jesus of Nazareth. Mark 16:1 (ESV) states: When the Sabbath was ...
5 votes
12 answers
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What might "on the third day" stand for in John 2:1?

John 2 (Amplified Bible): 1 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus also was invited with His disciples to the wedding. I have been trying ...
5 votes
9 answers
694 views

At what exact moment did/will the Old Covenant disappear/vanish away? Hebrews 8:13

Hebrews 8:13: By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear. [NIV] When He said, “A new covenant,” He has made the first ...
11 votes
13 answers
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Luke 3:1-3 was Luke mistaken about the year in which John the Baptist's preaching began?

Luke goes into detail concerning the beginning of Christ’s ministry. To quote: “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being ...
4 votes
3 answers
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When was the Book of Ruth set?

"In the days when the judges ruled,[a] there was a famine in the land. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab."- Ruth 1:...
2 votes
4 answers
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What did Jesus mean by "the end of the age" in Matthew 28:20?

Matthew 28:19-20: 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have ...
2 votes
3 answers
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Luke 21:24 - When did "the times of the Gentiles" start?

Luke 21:24 And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. When did ...
12 votes
8 answers
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When was Jesus made both Lord and Christ?

Acts 2:36 (ESV): 36 Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.” God has made Jesus both Lord and Christ. When ...

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