Questions tagged [chronology]

The timing/ordering of biblical events, which are not always described in sequence. What happened when?

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How long was John the Baptist in the wilderness as a child? [closed]

How long did Elizabeth hide John the Baptist in a cave when Herod was killing babies? Britannica.com says: In 27/28 or 28/29 John attained prominence, not as a priest but as a prophet. He was active ...
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Fortieth year reckoned from which event in Deuteronomy 1;3?

KJV Deuteronomy 1 : 3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD ...
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What is the chronology of Hezekiah versus Shalmaneser?

I don't quite understand how Hezekiah relates chronologically to Shalmaneser. In Kings Chapter 18, it says that Sennacherib attacked Judah in the 14th year of Hezekiah. So, if this occurred in 701 BC, ...
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When was the Book of Micah written?

Micah 1:1 indicates the author & the timing of his life: The word of the Lord that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning ...
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When was the Gospel of Mark written?

We have a variety of questions on the provenance of the Gospel of Mark, such as: Can we date Mark without first committing to an interpretation of the Olivet Discourse? Who was the author of Mark? ...
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Why is Sarah not mentioned in either Terah or Haran's Toledoth in Genesis 11?

When Abraham is accosted by Abimelech king of Gerah concerning Sarah he claims that she is his sister from his father's side Genesis 20:12 NASB Besides, she actually is my sister, the daughter of my ...
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In Genesis 1 was it the heavens or the earth which were created first?

Initially it is said that God created the heavens and the earth, which would suggest that the heavens were created first since they're are mentioned first. Genesis 1:1 NASB In the beginning God ...
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Why are "Judah" and "Israel" distinguished in many verses BEFORE the split of the two kingdoms?

Similar questions have been asked previously, but answers emphasized the era after the split of the tribes. Even though Judah is one of the tribes of Israel, why are Judah and Israel often ...
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Are there different types of perfection according to Paul? 1 Corinthians 13:10, Philippians 3:12, 2 Timothy 3:17 & Ephesians 4:13

1 Corinthians 13:8-12 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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Did the Chief Priests change their minds about crucifying Christ during the festival?

Initial the Chief Priest had stated that Christ should not be killed during the festival as this would have caused a riot Mark 14:1-2 NIV Now the Passover and Festival of Unleavened Bread were two ...
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Is Genesis 20 a Flashback?

Genesis 20 is the story of Abimelech, Abraham and Sarah. Are we to think that it take place after Genesis 19? The immediate reason for asking - the immediate oddity - is that Sarah is very old at this ...
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When was Deuteronomy written?

I am interested in the theories on when Deuteronomy was composed, and how it relates chronologically to Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. As discussed elsewhere on this site, some consider ...
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Does Revelation 14:17 take place after Revelation 14:16?

Revelation tells us of two harvesters (as another question asks about), but should these harvests be considered as being done sequentially (first the holy wheat, and then the grapes of wrath) or is it ...
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Does Esther 4:16 contradict Esther 5:1-5?

In Esther 4:16, when Esther is about to risk her life to save the Jews, she first tells the Jews in Shushan to fast for three days, night and day, and that she would do the same. However, in 5:1-5, we'...
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Does Hebrews 10 indicate the temple was still standing when Hebrews was written?

Hebrews chapter 10 makes multiple references to the Levitical sacrifices, and argues that they have been superseded by the sacrifice of Christ. Q1 Does the author intend to refer to Levitical ...
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What does Revelation 14:11 mean by "they have no rest, day or night"?

Revelation 14:11 (ESV) And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night, these worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its ...
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Do John 3:1-8 ("born from above") and 1 Corinthians 15:39-54 ("the rising again of the dead") refer to the same event?

John 3:1-8 (YLT) And there was a man of the Pharisees, Nicodemus his name, a ruler of the Jews, 2 this one came unto him by night, and said to him, `Rabbi, we have known that from God thou hast come -...
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Is Jesus's return on the clouds the same event as Him riding the white horse?

Jesus says that He will return "on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory" (Matt 24:30). Is this the same event as when He returns on the white horse in Revelation 19? And I saw ...
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What evidence from the Bible indicates that, for Jewish law-keeping, the day began at sunset? [duplicate]

Another questioner asks about historical evidence for a day beginning at sunset (see Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset?) I am interested in evidence specifically and ...
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Hebrew meaning of "between evenings"

I'm trying to understand a phrase in Exodus 29:39 and Numbers 28:4. The phrase is "בין הערבים." This seems to literally mean "between evenings." It is present here in the ...
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When does eternal life begin? When we believe in the Son (1 John 5:11-12, John 3:36, 5:24) or on Judgement Day (Matthew 25:31-46)?

According to the Apostle John, eternal life begins when we believe in the Son: 36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God ...
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When was Jesus made alive in the spirit? 1 Peter 3:18

1 Peter 3:17-22 (ESV): 17 For it is better to suffer for doing good, if that should be God's will, than for doing evil. 18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, ...
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2 Timothy 4:3-4. Is Paul referring to the church in his day, or the church of today?

In 2 Timothy 4:3-4 (niv), it is written: 4 In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I give you this charge: 2 ...
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Was the ministry of Jesus 3 1/2 years or 70 weeks?

Was the ministry of Jesus 3 1/2 years or 70 weeks? "The Gospels record that exactly seventy weeks - four hundred and ninety days - transpired from the day that Yeshua was baptized in water until ...
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Which Thessalonian epistle came first?

The text of Paul's letters to the Thessalonians does not identify one as "first" and the other as "second". External evidence None of the quotations of the epistles by the ...
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Do 1 Thess. 4:16-17 (coming of the Lord in the air with His "caught up" saints) & Rev 6:9-11 (during the 5th seal) describe the same event?

From 1 Thess. 4: 16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: 17 Then we which ...
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When were the shipwrecks Paul refers to in 2 Corinthians 11?

From 2 Corinthians 11: 25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep (KJV) Paul's shipwreck en route to Rome is recorded ...
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Who are the priests mentioned in Exodus 19:22 & 19:24? God did not appear to start the Hebrew priesthood until Exodus 28:1

Since God does not seem to establish the Hebrew priesthood until Exodus 28:1, who are the priests referring to in Exodus 19:22, 24? 20 And the Lord came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount:...
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What is the prophesied time frame for Ezekiel 37:14? [closed]

14And I will put My Spirit within you and you will come to life, and I will place you on your own land. Then you will know that I, the LORD, have spoken and done it,” declares the LORD.’” I’m ...
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What was Jesus actually promising in John 6:35 and when is this promise fulfilled?

John 6:35: 35 And Jesus said to them, `I am the bread of the life; he who is coming unto me may not hunger, and he who is believing in me may not thirst -- at any time; [YLT] 35 And Jesus said unto ...
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Did the Sabbath originate in the wilderness per Exodus 16:29?

Exodus 16:29 reads (NKJV, emphasis mine): See! For the LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore He gives you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man remain in his place; let no man go out ...
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Does Nehemiah 9:14 teach that the Sabbath was made known through Moses rather than from the beginning?

Nehemiah 9:5-15 lists a brief chronology of God's people from creation to Moses, emphasizing all that God had done. (The verses following show the proud, disobedient reaction of the people.) While God ...
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Is 2 Peter 2:4 talking about demons?

2 Peter 2:4 (ESV): For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; Are the angels that sinned ...
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Is there a non-empty intersection between the believers at Acts 2:1-4 and the believers at Acts 4:31?

Acts 2:1-4 (ESV): When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house ...
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Luke 21:24 - When did "the times of the Gentiles" start?

Luke 21:24 And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. When did ...
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How are we to understand the meaning, not to mention the length, of the 'Times of the Gentiles', which likely began with Nebuchadnezzar? [closed]

The "Times of the Gentiles" started with the deposing of the last king of Judah, i.e. King Zedekiah, the last king to sit on Jehovah's earthly throne, which happened with the overthrow and ...
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Is Joseph the son of Jacob or Heli?

In Matthew 1:16 Joseph is said to be the son of Jacob. "Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary" In Luke 3:23 Joseph is said to be the son of Heli. "Joseph, which was the son of Heli&...
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In Isaiah 8:4 how could the boy not know how to cry "my father" or "my mother" by the time Samaria was plundered?

The prophet pronounces that Samaria will be plundered before his son knows how to cry "my father" or "my mother" Isaiah 8:4 ESV 4 for before the boy knows how to cry ‘My father’ ...
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Does Philippians 2:5-8 indicate chronological progression?

Based upon comments to this question on Christianity SE and, looking at the text of Philippians 2:5-8: Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form ...
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Is there a chronology issue in the book of Judges?

Judges 20 26Then all the Israelites, the whole army, went up to Bethel, and there they sat weeping before the Lord. They fasted that day until evening and presented burnt offerings and fellowship ...
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Did Paul expect "the perfect" to come during his and the Corinthians' lifetime?

1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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How did Elijah send a letter to King Jehoram, if Elijah had already been taken to heaven?

In 2 Chronicles 21, the wicked King Jehoram of Judah receives a letter from the prophet Elijah. The letter from Elijah said this, in part: “This is what the Lord, the God of your father David, says: ‘....
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Moses sums up: "Your eyes have seen all that the Lord did in Egypt". Had the eyewitnesses not died until then as God had ruled (Deut 1: 35)?

As the Israelites did not trust God's conduct, God ruled none of them would enter the promised land. Only their children would. (Deut. 1: 34-36) Deut. 2: 14-16 confirms the outcome. From Deut. 5 on, ...
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The meaning of Hosea 10.9: "the days of Gibeah"

Text of Hosea 9.9 "Gibeah" or "the days of Gibeah" are a recurring theme in the book of Hosea, being mentioned in Hosea 5.8 (LEB) Blow the horn in Gibeah, the trumpet in Ramah. ...
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Can 1 Corinthians 15:3-9, particularly verse 8, be used as a proof-text for the claim that there are no more apostles after Paul?

1 Corinthians 15:3-9 (ESV): 3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was ...
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When did the 7 + 62 (69) weeks (483 years, in fact) start and then end, which then heralded "Messiah the Prince", as portrayed in Dan 9:25 [NASB]?

This much written about and endlessly debated time period, in my opinion, has to be understood before we can even think about ascertaining when the "70th week" of Daniel's famed prophecy ...
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How old was Jacob when he first saw Rachel?

Jacob is born in Genesis 25:26 After this, his brother came out, with his hand grasping Esau’s heel; so he was named Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when Rebekah gave birth to them. Isaac bids ...
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When shall we see "face to face"? 1 Corinthians 13:12

1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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When is a person "born of water and the Spirit"? John 3:5

John 3:5 (ESV): 5 Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. According to Jesus, a person must be "born of ...
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Is Psalm 51:11 proof that people in O.T. times could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too, just like in the New Testament?

Psalm 51:11 (ESV): Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me. Does this mean that people in the Old Testament could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too? ...
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