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Questions tagged [chronology]

The timing/ordering of biblical events, which are not always described in sequence. What happened when?

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Should Kainan be considered authentic and original to Genesis 11, and therefore included in the biblical genealogy?

Luke 3:36 - the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech Gen 11:12, 13 (LXX) - And Arphaxad lived a hundred and thirty-five years, and begot Cainan. And ...
L. Rodrigues's user avatar
8 votes
10 answers
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Is Genesis 2:7 sufficiently ambiguous to support an interpretation that God spent millions of years to form Adam from dust?

Genesis 2:1-7 NKJV Thus the heavens and the earth, and all the host of them, were finished. 2 And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all ...
Mark's user avatar
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Are Genesis Chapters 10 and 11 split incorrectly?

Regarding the Tower of Babel narrative... I have posted elsewhere about the timeline problem of Babel happening only ~100 years after the flood. Population, technology, etc. issues are all raised with ...
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How can we understand the Tower of Babel timeline?

I'm not finding a coherent explanation of the ENTIRE timing issue of the Tower of Babel. That I'm seeing the issue talked about so little baffles me, as the basic math from a plain reading doesn't ...
Jodi W's user avatar
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3 votes
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Is "world" a reasonable interpretation of the Greek "Chronos"?

Chronos is interpreted as "world" in the KJV in a few places, such as Titus 1:2 KJV — In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; Since it ...
BrianG's user avatar
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How old was Joshua during the Conquest? How many years between his death and the first oppression?

According to Joshua 24:29 Joshua died at the age of 110. I am wondering how many years elapsed between the Entry in the Holy Land (the Conquest) and his death (or alternatively: how old was he at the ...
Valentin's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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Acts Chronological Timeline

Where can I find an accurate chronological timeline that includes the events of the Book of Acts, Paul's letters, and (also it would be nice) connections with Classical Roman history? I see many ...
Phillip's user avatar
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Does anyone know precisely whether the gospel of Matthew was written before or after AD 70?

I pray that someone may have some reliable sources that I would like to use when speaking to atheists. What is the evidence that Matthew was written before or after AD 70?
Leandro's user avatar
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Is there a chart/ timeline of prophecies made by Jeremiah and their fulfilment?

I am reading Jeremiah, and would like to see a summary of the prophecies made by Jeremiah, and where/when/how they are/aren't (yet) fulfilled, with references to other books of the Bible, or ...
Lucy's user avatar
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How many mighty warriors did David have? 37 or 53?

2 Samuel 23 was likely recorded at the end of David's reign and it records 37 mighty men and guards 2 Samuel 23:1 (NKJV): "Now these are the last words of David..." 2 Samuel 23:39 (NKJV): ...
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Paul’s Encounter

Is there any historical evidence to date around what time Paul encountered Jesus? I’ve heard it said that he acually encountered him in 37 AD when Jesus m was still alive (granted, I’m pretty sure, ...
Bertram's user avatar
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Gen. 1:12 Is there a problem with fruiting trees created on the 3rd day, and animals created on days 5 and 6? [closed]

The problem is that fruiting trees (flowering plants) didn't arrive until about 160 million years ago. Animals (including dinosaurs and mammals) date back more than 200 million years. Are there any ...
Jiminion's user avatar
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In the lists of kings for both Judah and Israel, is there a way to determine if kings were coregent and how that might effect the Biblical timeline?

For example, King David gave his son Solomon the throne while David was still alive to keep the peace within the kingdom (1 Kings 1:30-39). It was important that the rightful heir to David’s throne be ...
Watchman's user avatar
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Location of 2 Samuel 24 (David's Census)

2 Samuel 23:1 includes that last words of David, king of Israel. And yet, on the next page we have a story of the kingdom of David (2 Samuel 24) featuring the king himself, and also the prophet Gad ...
James McLellan's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
316 views

Does Luke 3:1 contradict John 2:20 on the timing of Jesus' ministry?

Luke 3:1 says that John started preaching in Tiberius' 15th year, which means that Jesus couldn't have begun his ministry earlier than late 28 AD. Some claim that Luke is counting from Tiberius' time ...
A.O.'s user avatar
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Does Hebrews 9:26 indicate when Jesus first appeared?

Hebrews 9:26 for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of ...
Steve's user avatar
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Tribe of Asher found in Luke 2 [closed]

In Luke 2:36 he mentions Anna of the Tribe of Asher. How long has it been since this tribe has been mentioned in scripture?
Kw933061's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
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Does Matthew 4:12 imply that Jesus travelled from Judea to Nazareth to Capernaum?

Matthew 4:12 states: 12 When Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, he withdrew to Galilee. 13 Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, Matthew 2:19-23 states: Then after being ...
ProphecyGeek's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
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When and for How Long was Israel Enslaved by the Egyptians?

This post is somewhat related to Do We Know with Reasonable Certainty Where Goshen was Located? According to (D-R) Exod. 12:40, And the abode of the children of Israel that they made in Egypt, was ...
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Does Revelation 20:14-15 contradict 1 Corinthians 15:26?

In 1 Corinthians 15:26, Paul writes (NKJV): The last enemy that will be destroyed is death. Although death is the "last enemy," does Revelation portray "Death" as being destroyed ...
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What are the arguments for/against anonymous authorship of the Gospels

In most articles I read online, the claim is that the Gospels originally were anonymous and that the current names were assigned to them in the 2nd century by the apostolic fathers in order to give ...
Tobias Brandt's user avatar
15 votes
4 answers
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Why does Acts not mention the deaths of Peter and Paul?

As far as we know, Peter and Paul died in Rome in the mid 60s. According to most scholars the Book of Acts is dated to 80+, sometimes as late as 120. Given how often the book mentions Peter and ...
Tobias Brandt's user avatar
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Why do we persist in saying the crucifixion was on Friday? [closed]

There are persuasive arguments for the crucifixion not being on a Friday.  I guess the Friday hypothesis is based on the reference to it being before a Sabbath, and not knowing some of the details of ...
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Was there a Biblical change of day when Jesus sat and ate the Passover, and was there a change of day when Joseph came to the cross the first time? [duplicate]

If there was a Biblical change of day when Jesus sat and ate the Passover, and there was a change of day when Joseph came to the cross (the first time), this would show major differences between what ...
Robert's user avatar
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Does Mark 14:12 indicate it being sunset?

“On the first day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb was being sacrificed, His disciples *said to Him, “Where do You want us to go and prepare for You to eat the Passover?”” ‭‭Mark‬ ‭14‬:‭12‬ ...
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Why is 1 Samuel 14:49-51 missing such a large portion of Saul's family?

1 Samuel 14:49-51 tells us that: 49 Saul’s sons were Jonathan, Ishvi and Malki-Shua. The name of his older daughter was Merab, and that of the younger was Michal. 50 His wife’s name was Ahinoam ...
A.O.'s user avatar
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3 votes
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When did Caleb attack Hebron - Before or After Joshua's Death?

In Joshua 14:6 - 15, we read that, after 7 years of conquest, Joshua gave Hebron to Caleb as an inheritance. Up until verse 12, chapter 15 describes the rest of Judah's allotment. Verses 13 - 19 turns ...
A.O.'s user avatar
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What is the relevance of the reference to moon in Ps 81: 3-4?

We read in Psalms 81:3-4 (NRSVCE) : Blow the trumpet at the new moon, at the full moon, on our festal day. For it is a statute for Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob In those days when ...
Kadalikatt Joseph Sibichan's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

Must Acts 13:21 mean that Saul reigned 40 years?

Acts 13:21 is usually taken to mean that Saul reigned 40 years. However, some hold that the forty years are to include Samuel's time on the scene before Saul's reign began. Here are the revelant ...
Marcy Powell's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
94 views

Fortieth year reckoned from which event in Deuteronomy 1;3?

KJV Deuteronomy 1 : 3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
411 views

What is the chronology of Hezekiah versus Shalmaneser?

I don't quite understand how Hezekiah relates chronologically to Shalmaneser. In Kings Chapter 18, it says that Sennacherib attacked Judah in the 14th year of Hezekiah. So, if this occurred in 701 BC, ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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When was the Book of Micah written?

Micah 1:1 indicates the author & the timing of his life: The word of the Lord that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

When was the Gospel of Mark written?

We have a variety of questions on the provenance of the Gospel of Mark, such as: Can we date Mark without first committing to an interpretation of the Olivet Discourse? Who was the author of Mark? ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why is Sarah not mentioned in either Terah or Haran's Toledoth in Genesis 11?

When Abraham is accosted by Abimelech king of Gerah concerning Sarah he claims that she is his sister from his father's side Genesis 20:12 NASB Besides, she actually is my sister, the daughter of my ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
5k views

In Genesis 1 was it the heavens or the earth which were created first?

Initially it is said that God created the heavens and the earth, which would suggest that the heavens were created first since they're are mentioned first. Genesis 1:1 NASB In the beginning God ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why are "Judah" and "Israel" distinguished in many verses BEFORE the split of the two kingdoms?

Similar questions have been asked previously, but answers emphasized the era after the split of the tribes. Even though Judah is one of the tribes of Israel, why are Judah and Israel often ...
Katelyn's user avatar
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Are there different types of perfection according to Paul? 1 Corinthians 13:10, Philippians 3:12, 2 Timothy 3:17 & Ephesians 4:13

1 Corinthians 13:8-12 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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7 votes
6 answers
2k views

Did the Chief Priests change their minds about crucifying Christ during the festival?

Initial the Chief Priest had stated that Christ should not be killed during the festival as this would have caused a riot Mark 14:1-2 NIV Now the Passover and Festival of Unleavened Bread were two ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
435 views

Is Genesis 20 a Flashback?

Genesis 20 is the story of Abimelech, Abraham and Sarah. Are we to think that it take place after Genesis 19? The immediate reason for asking - the immediate oddity - is that Sarah is very old at this ...
Kyle Johansen's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
3k views

When was Deuteronomy written?

I am interested in the theories on when Deuteronomy was composed, and how it relates chronologically to Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. As discussed elsewhere on this site, some consider ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
219 views

Does Revelation 14:17 take place after Revelation 14:16?

Revelation tells us of two harvesters (as another question asks about), but should these harvests be considered as being done sequentially (first the holy wheat, and then the grapes of wrath) or is it ...
Kyle Johansen's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
211 views

Does Esther 4:16 contradict Esther 5:1-5?

In Esther 4:16, when Esther is about to risk her life to save the Jews, she first tells the Jews in Shushan to fast for three days, night and day, and that she would do the same. However, in 5:1-5, we'...
The Editor's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
292 views

Does Hebrews 10 indicate the temple was still standing when Hebrews was written?

Hebrews chapter 10 makes multiple references to the Levitical sacrifices, and argues that they have been superseded by the sacrifice of Christ. Q1 Does the author intend to refer to Levitical ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

What does Revelation 14:11 mean by "they have no rest, day or night"?

Revelation 14:11 (ESV) And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night, these worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its ...
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2 votes
2 answers
445 views

Do John 3:1-8 ("born from above") and 1 Corinthians 15:39-54 ("the rising again of the dead") refer to the same event?

John 3:1-8 (YLT) And there was a man of the Pharisees, Nicodemus his name, a ruler of the Jews, 2 this one came unto him by night, and said to him, `Rabbi, we have known that from God thou hast come -...
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5 votes
3 answers
3k views

Is Jesus's return on the clouds the same event as Him riding the white horse?

Jesus says that He will return "on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory" (Matt 24:30). Is this the same event as when He returns on the white horse in Revelation 19? And I saw ...
AlphaOmega's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
149 views

What evidence from the Bible indicates that, for Jewish law-keeping, the day began at sunset? [duplicate]

Another questioner asks about historical evidence for a day beginning at sunset (see Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset?) I am interested in evidence specifically and ...
ABN22's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
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Hebrew meaning of "between evenings"

I'm trying to understand a phrase in Exodus 29:39 and Numbers 28:4. The phrase is "בין הערבים." This seems to literally mean "between evenings." It is present here in the ...
Gus L.'s user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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When does eternal life begin? When we believe in the Son (1 John 5:11-12, John 3:36, 5:24) or on Judgement Day (Matthew 25:31-46)?

According to the Apostle John, eternal life begins when we believe in the Son: 36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God ...
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3 votes
4 answers
1k views

When was Jesus made alive in the spirit? 1 Peter 3:18

1 Peter 3:17-22 (ESV): 17 For it is better to suffer for doing good, if that should be God's will, than for doing evil. 18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, ...
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