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Questions tagged [christology]

Questions on Biblical texts relating to the study of the nature and person of Jesus Christ as documented in the Christian Bible: This tag is for questions on passages used to support, could likely, or prove to impact one's view of Christology, while questions on Christology are only on-topic inasmuch as it relates to understanding Jesus as a character in the Bible, not in the form of systematic theology.

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Does Romans 9:5 assert the deity of Christ?

Also known by the more pedestrian title: *How should Romans 9:5 be punctuated?* Romans 9:5, NA28 (punctuation omitted): ὧν οἱ πατέρες καὶ ἐξ ὧν ὁ Χριστὸς τὸ κατὰ σάρκα ὁ ὢν ἐπὶ πάντων θεὸς ...
Susan's user avatar
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26 votes
21 answers
22k views

Is Revelation 3:14 saying that Christ was created by God?

Revelation 3:14 (KJV) 14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God; Most translations ...
user avatar
26 votes
5 answers
23k views

Why did Jesus begin his ministry at age 30?

Luke 3:23 (ESV) 23 Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, Why did Jesus begin his ministry when he was about 30 ...
user avatar
21 votes
13 answers
7k views

“Very truly, I tell you, before Abraham was, I am.” - why did the Jews want to throw stones at Jesus for saying this?

John 8:53-59 (NRSV): 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died? The prophets also died. Who do you claim to be?” 54 Jesus answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my ...
user avatar
21 votes
11 answers
11k views

Jesus was tempted, but God cannot be tempted. How, then, do we reconcile James 1:13 and Heb. 4:15?

The Bible clearly explains: James 1:13: "God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone" (emphasis added). God cannot be tempted. Yet the text just as clearly ...
Xeno's user avatar
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18 votes
13 answers
33k views

What does it mean that the Son did not know the hour of his return in Matthew 24:36 // Mark 13:32?

I'm little lost here. Can somebody please help me with this? We have these two verses concerning the day when (as introduced in Mark 13:26 // Mark 24:30) the Son of Man returns in glory: But of ...
Edgear's user avatar
  • 563
17 votes
9 answers
28k views

What does Matthew 9:5 mean that it is "easier" to say "Your sins are forgiven"?

Matthew 9:5 NIV 5 Which is easier: to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’? Was Christ contrasting the two or he was referring to something else?
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
17 votes
6 answers
4k views

Does the Greek of John 20:28 address two persons or one?

I don't know Greek and even less about rules of Greek grammar. Can somebody please help me by reviewing a statement written by a popular Unitarian? Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my ...
Edgear's user avatar
  • 563
17 votes
8 answers
2k views

Does Stephen asking Jesus to receive his spirit indicate that he believes Jesus is God?

Acts 7:59-60 "They went on stoning Stephen as he called on the Lord and said, "Lord Jesus, receive my spirit!" 60 Then he fell on his knees and cried out with a loud voice, "Lord, ...
Rajesh's user avatar
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16 votes
8 answers
7k views

If Jesus is God, how can we make sense of Him calling the Father "my God" in John 20:17?

John 20:16-17 (NASB): 16 Jesus *said to her, “Mary!” She turned and *said to Him in Hebrew, “Rabboni!” (which means, Teacher). 17 Jesus *said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended ...
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16 votes
11 answers
8k views

At John 5:18, did Jesus break the Sabbath?

John 5:18 says "Because of this, the Jews tried all the harder to kill Him. Not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God." ...
Only True God's user avatar
15 votes
5 answers
4k views

In Matt. 26:63–65, Why is Jesus’ admission to being the “Son of God” equated with “blasphemy”?

In Matt. 26:63–65, Jesus effectively admits to being the “son of God” according to his response to the chief priest, (i.e., “You said.”). English translation: 63 But Jesus kept silent. And the ...
Fred Oakman's user avatar
15 votes
10 answers
5k views

What does "made perfect" mean in Heb 5:9?

Hebrews 5:8-10 (ESV) Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by ...
Melvintj's user avatar
  • 159
14 votes
5 answers
11k views

“You are my Son, today I have begotten you” - what are the meaning and implications of the word "today" in the context of Hebrews 1:5?

Hebrews 1:5 (ESV): 5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son”? It's clear that ...
user avatar
13 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why do many chinese Bibles translate "Logos" in John 1:1 as 道 (Dao)?

道(Dao) is the concept which the entire Dao De Jing seeks to expound upon and discuss. Dao De Jing is the central text of Daoist philosophy. I don't know how to define "dao" beyond an extremely layman-...
user1539's user avatar
  • 681
13 votes
4 answers
1k views

Does John the Baptist's witness imply the pre-incarnate existence of Jesus?

After "In the beginning was the Word..." by which the writer implies the pre-existence of Jesus, they indicate John the Baptist also testifies to this question: John doth testify concerning ...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
12 votes
9 answers
4k views

When was Jesus rich? 2 Corinthian 8:9

“For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich.” ‭‭2 Corinthians‬ ‭8:9‬ ‭ This either means ...
Nihil Sine Deo's user avatar
12 votes
8 answers
9k views

To Jews in Jesus' time, what did "the Son of Man" mean?

Jesus quite frequently refers to himself as "the son of man," or we could say "the Son of Man". It is recorded 73 times in the Gospels. When Jews of the time heard this, would this ...
Only True God's user avatar
12 votes
8 answers
4k views

When was Jesus made both Lord and Christ?

Acts 2:36 (ESV): 36 Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.” God has made Jesus both Lord and Christ. When ...
user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
5k views

What does it mean that Jesus emptied Himself in Philippians 2:7?

When we read in Philippians 2:4-7 4 Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others. 5 Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, ...
RJ Navarrete's user avatar
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11 votes
10 answers
6k views

What is Jesus' argument in John 10:34-36?

I'm not a Biblical scholar. This question is prompted by listening to Michael Heiser, and I currently feel persuaded by his argument that the elohim in Psalm 82 are spiritual beings rather than ...
mjc's user avatar
  • 291
11 votes
8 answers
14k views

What did Jesus mean by saying "I am the First and the Last" in Revelation 1:17?

Revelation 1:17-18 (NRSV): 17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he placed his right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, 18 and the living one. I ...
user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
2k views

Is there any textual evidence in the Gospels that Jesus thought we should pray to Jesus? [closed]

It is a common practice among contemporary Christians to pray 'to Jesus'. Because most contemporary Christians believe Jesus is God, they believe they are praying to God. Fair enough. A common ...
Only True God's user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
880 views

Is Jesus implying his preincarnate existence in John 17:5?

John 17:5 (NRSV): So now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had in your presence before the world existed. Is Jesus implying that he existed before the world was created, ...
user avatar
10 votes
8 answers
4k views

μονογενῆ, should John 3:16 be translated with "one-of-a-kind" or "only begotten"?

John 3:16, “For God so loved the world that he gave his only (μονογενῆ) Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life." My question resides in the greek term ...
Gus L.'s user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
3k views

Could μονογενής mean simply "unique"?

In this article Hebrew scholar Michael Heiser makes the claim that the term μονογενής (monogenēs) in John 3:16 means "unique" rather than "only-begotten." However, he does not provide citations, ...
Brad Borch's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
2k views

In Hebrews 1:3 does χαρακτηρ της υποστασεως αυτου say that Jesus is the same substance or similar substance to God?

Heb 1:3 He is the reflection of God's glory [shining?] and the exact likeness of his being, and he holds everything together by his [God's] powerful word. After he had provided ["performed"] a ...
user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
854 views

Is John 10:30 intended to evoke the Shema?

In John 10:30, Jesus states, "I and the Father are one." The Shema in Deuteronomy 6:4 says "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one." At least on the surface both look somewhat similar. ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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9 votes
13 answers
4k views

What does in the "Form of God" mean?

5 Have this mind in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 6 who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself [from being in ...
user avatar
9 votes
10 answers
5k views

What does it mean to be "equal with God" in John 5:18?

John 5:18 (ESV): 18 This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with ...
user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
1k views

Is the Son second in authority under God the Father? 1 Corinthians 15:24-28

1 Corinthians 15:24-28 (NRSV): 24 Then comes the end, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father, after he has destroyed every ruler and every authority and power. 25 For he must reign until he ...
user avatar
9 votes
6 answers
10k views

In Colossians 1:15, what does “firstborn of every creature” mean?

I was studying passages on the Bible about Jesus and its origin. One verse is, to me, somewhat hard to understand (Colossians 1:15, in King James version): Who is the image of the invisible God, ...
Leonardo Alves Machado's user avatar
9 votes
8 answers
2k views

What is the logic behind the Jews' reasoning which led them to conclude that Jesus was "making himself God" in John 10:22-39?

John 10:22-39 (ESV): 22 At that time the Feast of Dedication took place at Jerusalem. It was winter, 23 and Jesus was walking in the temple, in the colonnade of Solomon. 24 So the Jews gathered ...
user avatar
9 votes
6 answers
1k views

Why is 'egeneto' at John 1:14 translated differently than 'egeneto' at John 1:6?

John 1:6 is "There was a man who was sent from God. His name was John." (KJB) The first 'was' is 'egeneto'. It is aorist, indicative, middle. ('Was' or 'came' are the most common ...
Only True God's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
4k views

What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
Dan's user avatar
  • 9,006
9 votes
7 answers
6k views

In Colossians 1:27, what is the meaning of “this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory”?

In Col. 1:24-29, it is written, 24 Now I rejoice in what was suffered for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is ...
Hello's user avatar
  • 878
9 votes
5 answers
303 views

What is the meaning of abiding in/having/gaining Christ?

Throughout scripture there is the idea of 'abiding/having/obtaining' Christ. Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have God’s Son does not have life. 1 John 5:12 Whoever denies the Son does ...
user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
2k views

A little lower than angels, or lower for a little while?

Most translations render Hebrews 2:7 like the NIV: "…a little lower than the angels…", but several modern translations (eg NET, NASB etc) have a different sense like the ESV: 7You made him for a ...
Jack Douglas's user avatar
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9 votes
11 answers
4k views

What "spirit" is 1 Peter 3:18 referring to?

There seems to be disagreement as to whom/what the spirit in 1 Peter 3:18 is. (ESV) For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being ...
Micah Gafford's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
1k views

Romans 9:5 Is this a scriptural evidence for Pauline Trinitarian Christology

I am asking this question because it seems to me that Romans 9:5 as per its translation will assert that Christ is indeed God, but the problem I am faced with now is the fact that there seems to be a ...
How why e's user avatar
  • 328
8 votes
6 answers
2k views

At what exact moment did Jesus transition from being rich to being poor according to 2 Corinthians 8:9?

I'm aware of the recently asked question When was Jesus rich? 2 Corinthian 8:9, and it's very likely that some readers will almost knee-jerkly react by voting to close this question as a duplicate. ...
user avatar
8 votes
10 answers
5k views

Who is our Savior: God or Jesus?

Titus 3:4-7 (ESV): 4 But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, 5 he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the ...
user avatar
8 votes
10 answers
5k views

In John 14:28, what did Jesus mean when he said “my Father is greater than I?”

In John 14:28, what did Jesus mean when he said “my Father is greater than I?” 28 Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I ...
user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
2k views

What are the limits to the Christological hermeneutic?

According to Wikipedia: The Christo-Centric Principle: "The mind of deity is eternally centered in Christ. All angelic thought and ministry are centered in Christ. All Satanic hatred and ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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8 votes
7 answers
3k views

What does "image" mean in "He is the image of the invisible God", Colossians 1:15?

Colossians 1:15 "He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation". ESV 1 Peter 2:24 "He himself bore our sins in his body". If a coin has someone's head on ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
  • 10.2k
8 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why did the Jews refuse to kill Christ in John 18:31?

John 18:31 ESV: Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” The Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death.” In the above text the Jews refused ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
8 votes
12 answers
925 views

If the Word was God, and the Word was the Son, can we conclude that the Son is God?

John 1:1 (NIV): In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. John 1:14 (NIV): 14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the ...
user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
6k views

"That they may be one, even as we are one" in John 17:11

In John 17:11, Jesus prays that his disciples "may be one": 11And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you have ...
jrdioko's user avatar
  • 4,247
8 votes
6 answers
528 views

What is Paul's purpose in highlighting that the Christ was born of a woman?

In Galatians 4:4-5, Paul describes the incarnation event: But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those under the law, that we might ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
  • 37k
8 votes
6 answers
1k views

In 2 Corinthians 4:4 why does Paul call Jesus the "image of God"?

2 Corinthians 4:4 ... in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. ...
Ruminator's user avatar

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