Questions tagged [christology]

the study of the nature and person of Jesus Christ as documented in the Christian New Testament.

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Jesus says plainly he is a man - does John 8:40 preclude him from also being God?

They answered and said to him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you are Abraham’s children, do the deeds of Abraham. But as it is, you are seeking to kill me, a man who has told you ...
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1answer
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Why is there a “Kingdom” note in Matthew 2:2?

What does this note mean? Does it say Christ is a King and also a Kingdom? Note a next to Matthew 2:2 in the King James Scofield Study Bible is as follows: Magi came to Bethlehem.. Saying, Where is ...
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3answers
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Could Christ's words "will He find faith on the earth" (Lk. 18:8) parallel Gen. 6:6-8?

In the Gospel of Luke, Christ asks a curious question: Luke 18:8b: "However, when the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on the earth?" It is as if Christ is predicting that faith in God ...
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How can Isaiah 42:8 possibly be true, if John 13:31-32 is true?

The prophet יְשַׁעְיָ֣הוּ Yeshayahu speaking for God YHVH states אֲנִ֥י יְהֹוָ֖ה ה֣וּא שְׁמִ֑י וּכְבוֹדִי֙ לְאַחֵ֣ר לֹֽא־אֶתֵּ֔ן וּתְהִלָּתִ֖י לַפְּסִילִֽים “I am YHVH, that is My Name; and My glory I ...
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Is using Jn 1:3 and Col 1:16 to declare Jesus the creator going a bit beyond what these passages actually say?

The scriptures in question read in the Young's Literal Translation: John 1:3 all things through him did happen, and without him happened not even one thing that hath happened. Colossians 1:16 ...
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9answers
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What does John 7:17 teach us about Jesus' relationship with God?

Therefore Jesus answered them and said, “My teaching is not of myself, but of the One having sent me. If anyone desires to do His (God's) will, he will know concerning the teaching, whether it is from ...
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2answers
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In Luke 8, why didn't Christ instruct the woman to appear before the priest?

After healing a man afflicted with leprosy Christ bids him to appear before the priests and offer sacrifices prescribed by the law Mark 1:40-43 NIV 40 A man with leprosy[h] came to him and begged him ...
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What did Second Temple Judaism think about the Messiah/Christ?

“But Jesus remained silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.”” ‭‭Matthew‬ ‭26:63‬ ‭ What is understood by the Christ? ...
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In what sense was God in Christ?

“that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation.” ‭‭2 Corinthians‬ ‭5:19‬ ‭ This ...
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Should Luke 2:11 be understood prophetically

Luke 2:11 says, Luke 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. The verse declares Jesus to be the Savior, but at that point, he hadn't yet saved us, ...
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Jesus was tempted, but God cannot be tempted. How, then, do we reconcile James 1:13 and Heb. 4:15?

The Bible clearly explains: James 1:13: "God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone" (emphasis added). God cannot be tempted. Yet the text just as clearly ...
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Why does the ESV contradict itself in John 1:18 versus John 17:3?

The ESV gives a strange meaning to John 1:18, one which contradicts John 17:3. No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father's side, he has made him known. (John 1:18, ESV) And this is ...
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4answers
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Why did Christ seemingly discourage the volunteer in Luke 9:57?

In the following text Christ seemingly discourages the volunteer who wanted to follow him.In the answer that he gives to the volunteer that of having no place to lay his head is somehow discouraging ...
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How could the Jews say "We have *one* father: God", directly after saying "Abraham is our father"?

In the Gospel of John we read what seem to conflicting admissions by Christ's Jewish audience, one on the verse of stoning Him: John 8:39-41: "They answered and said to Him, 'Abraham is our ...
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5answers
446 views

How can Jesus be lamb and shepherd at the same time?

How can Jesus be lamb and shepherd at the same time? "Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!" (John 1:29) versus "I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays ...
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5answers
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Who (or what) held dominion over Jesus? Rom 6:9

For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, He cannot die again; death no longer has dominion over Him. BSB ESV NKJ death no longer is master over Him. NASB, NIV, (has mastery) NET death ...
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Does our righteousness that comes from God is equal to His righteousness?

In Phil. 3:9 we read: "and be found in Him, not having mine own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith;&...
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1answer
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"Is Acts 4:23-27 [NASB] previewing in a small way Rev 16:13,14, in that kings and rulers are gathered together against God and His Christ?"

In Acts 4:25,26, the apostles, after being confronted by 'underhanded' chief priests and elders, after the death and resurrection of Jesus, are heard to be quoting David Thy servant, who, having been ...
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Did Paul contradict Christ in Acts 18:18 taking the Nazarite vow; Matt 5:34 "take no oath at all"?

Acts 18:18 NASB Now Paul, when he had remained many days longer, took leave of the brothers and sisters and sailed away to Syria, and Priscilla and Aquila were with him. Paul first had his hair cut at ...
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Can *he* in Rev. 19:13 be identified as Christ without using "The Word of God" for the identification?

Can he in Rev. 19:13 be identified as Christ without using "The Word of God" (ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ) for the identification? He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is ...
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2answers
64 views

How did Jesus know that the Samaritan woman had had five husbands? John 4:16-19 [closed]

John 4:16-19 (ESV): 16 Jesus said to her, “Go, call your husband, and come here.” 17 The woman answered him, “I have no husband.” Jesus said to her, “You are right in saying, ‘I have no husband’; 18 ...
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Did the disciples believe that Jesus was omniscient?

John 16:29-30 (ESV): 29 His disciples said, “Ah, now you are speaking plainly and not using figurative speech! 30 Now we know that you know all things and do not need anyone to question you; this is ...
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How to understand Matthew 7:21-23 in light of Mark 9:38-39?

Matthew 7:21-23 NIV 21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22 Many will say to me on that ...
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4answers
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Were the holy people raised to life the moment the curtain was torn in Matthew 27:51-53?

51 At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, the rocks split 52 and the tombs broke open. The bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to ...
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2answers
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Christology in Ephesians--what is meant by "the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory"?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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5answers
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At what exact moment did Jesus transition from being rich to being poor according to 2 Corinthians 8:9?

I'm aware of the recently asked question When was Jesus rich? 2 Corinthian 8:9, and it's very likely that some readers will almost knee-jerkly react by voting to close this question as a duplicate. ...
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When was Jesus rich? 2 Corinthian 8:9

“For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich.” ‭‭2 Corinthians‬ ‭8:9‬ ‭ This either means ...
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What is the logic behind the Jews' reasoning which led them to spontaneously stone Stephen to death?

Acts 7:51-60 (ESV): 51 “You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. As your fathers did, so do you. 52 Which of the prophets did your fathers not ...
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3answers
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How should we understand the word usually translated as 'authority' at Luke 5:24 - is it given or not?

Luke 5:24 is "But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on the earth to forgive sins...” He said to the paralytic, “I tell you, get up, pick up your mat, and go home.”" ...
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What is the logic behind the Jews' reasoning which led them to conclude that Jesus was "making himself God" in John 10:22-39?

John 10:22-39 (ESV): 22 At that time the Feast of Dedication took place at Jerusalem. It was winter, 23 and Jesus was walking in the temple, in the colonnade of Solomon. 24 So the Jews gathered ...
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4answers
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What does it mean to be "equal with God" in John 5:18?

John 5:18 (ESV): 18 This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with ...
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5answers
711 views

Did Jesus deny equality with God in John 5:19 in an attempt to clarify the Christological misunderstanding of the Jews who wanted to kill him?

John 5:18-19 (ESV) 18 This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with ...
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5answers
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“You are my Son, today I have begotten you” - what are the meaning and implications of the word "today" in the context of Hebrews 1:5?

Hebrews 1:5 (ESV): 5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son”? It's clear that ...
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How do we reconcile John 5:18 with Psalm 2:7?

At John 5:18, "Because of this, the Jews tried all the harder to kill Him. Not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God." ...
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4answers
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Did Paul believe in a place called 'the abyss' that houses the spirits/souls of the dead? Romans 10:7

Romans 10:5-7 (ESV): 5 For Moses writes about the righteousness that is based on the law, that the person who does the commandments shall live by them. 6 But the righteousness based on faith says, “...
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In John 16:28 shouldn't πάλιν go with πορεύομαι πρὸς τὸν πατέρα meaning "I'm returning to the Father."

Note the more frequent use of πάλιν in the Septuagint (LXX) is to with translating the Hebrew verb meaning return. That is also a common meaning in the New Testament when used with a word meaning ...
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In what sense did Jesus descend/come from heaven? John 3:13 & 3:31

John 3:12-13 (ESV): 12 If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13 No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from ...
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2answers
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Does Paul speaks also to unbelievers in Ephesians 3:14-19?

I believe that the Pauline Epistles, so with the books of Peter and John their recipients are believers. Is there a verse that Paul in his letter to Ephesians, especially in his prayer in Eph. 3:14-...
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How exactly was Paul able to "do all things through Christ who strengthened him"? Philippians 4:12-13

Philippians 4:12-13: 12 I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound: every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need. 13 I ...
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4answers
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In what sense did Jesus "see the Father doing"? John 5:19

John 5:16-20 (ESV): 16 And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. 17 But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am ...
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2answers
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Who is speaking to the Philadelphian congregation in Revelation 3:12?

Revelation 3:12 ASV He that overcometh, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go out thence no more: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of ...
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What is That 'which' in, "That which was from the beginning..." 1 John 1:1

That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life— 2 the life was made ...
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4answers
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What does it mean that Jesus is before all things (Colossians 1:17)?

Colossians 1:17: 17 And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. [ESV] 17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. [KJV] 17 He is before all things, and in Him ...
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2answers
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Jesus became a life-giving / quickening spirit (1 Cor 15:45), yet he denied being a spirit (Luke 24:39). How to reconcile the apparent contradiction?

1 Corinthians 15 touches on the nature of resurrected bodies, making a contrast between earthly bodies and heavenly bodies: 40 There are heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the glory of the ...
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Does Matthew 11:20-24 indicate that Jesus possesses 'Middle knowledge' (knowledge of counterfactuals of freedom)?

Matthew 11:20-24 (ESV): 20 Then he began to denounce the cities where most of his mighty works had been done, because they did not repent. 21 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the ...
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2answers
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Who emptied himself in Philippians 2 :6-7? What does empty mean? [duplicate]

Philippians 2:6-7 KJV says 6 who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in ...
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Is Jesus spirit or not? 2 Corinthians 3:16-18 vs Luke 24:39

16 but whenever someone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18 But we all, with unveiled faces, looking as ...
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4answers
130 views

What is meant by "the Lord is the/that Spirit" in 2 Corinthians 3:16-18?

2 Corinthians 3:16-18 (NASB): 16 but whenever someone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18 But we all, ...
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3answers
278 views

What does it mean to be (a/the) Son of the Most High (God)?

Jesus is called "the Son of the Most High (God)" (definite article the), as if it were a title that belongs exclusively to him: 30 And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for ...
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2answers
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"Who in the days of his flesh" - Does Hebrews 5:7 imply that Jesus had a fleshless pre-existence (in light of Luke 24:39)?

Hebrews 5:7: 7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he ...