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Questions tagged [christology]

the study of the nature and person of Jesus Christ as documented in the Christian New Testament.

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Is there any evidence that Daniel rejected Nebuchadnezzar's worship in Daniel 2?

45Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known ...
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Is Psalm 104:4 an allusion to Exodus 3:2?

First of all, I take "his ministers" to refer to the "angels": Psa 104:4  Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire: It appears that To the Hebrews also takes 104:4 to refer to ...
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Is the angel of Genesis 16:7 “the” angel of the LORD?

In the first appearance of the term "angel of the LORD" in the scriptures there is no definite article: Gen 16:7  And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by ...
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In 1 Corinthians 10:4, in what sense was Christ the rock that followed the Jews and how did he/it follow?

Is Paul saying that the rock trailed behind the wandering Jews? And was the rock literally Christ in a different form? Or is he calling attention to its value as a metaphor for Christ? KJV 1Co_10:4 ...
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How should Revelation 11:15 be translated (so the implied pronoun and expressed referent agree)?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] Rev 11:15 Καὶ ὁ ἕβδομος ἄγγελος ἐσάλπισεν· καὶ ἐγένοντο φωναὶ μεγάλαι ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ, λέγοντες Ἐγένετο ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ κόσμου τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν καὶ τοῦ χριστοῦ αὐτοῦ,...
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In Hebrews 7:25 what does it mean that Christ “intercedes”?

What, in this context is "intercession"? Prayer?: KJV Heb_7:25  Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for ...
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In Matthew 11:10 where does Matthew/Jesus get the reading “before *your* face”?

In Matthew 11:10 we read that Christ said of John the Baptist in reference to his role of heralding and preparing the way for Christ: Matthew 11:7-10 (DRB) 7 And when they went their way, Jesus ...
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To whom was Christ referring to in Luke 9:41?

Luke 9:37-42 (NKJV) 37 Now it happened on the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, that a great multitude met Him. 38 Suddenly a man from the multitude cried out, saying, “Teacher, ...
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Does Hebrews 3:1-4 say that Jesus created Moses?

The Greek of Hebrews 3:1-4 (NA28) reads: Ὅθεν, ἀδελφοὶ ἅγιοι, κλήσεως ἐπουρανίου μέτοχοι, κατανοήσατε τὸν ἀπόστολον καὶ ἀρχιερέα τῆς ὁμολογίας ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦν, πιστὸν ὄντα τῷ ποιήσαντι αὐτὸν ὡς καὶ ...
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In John 5:26 what is meant by “life in himself”?

In the New Living Translation and others John 5:26 is translated in a way that seems antithetical to the Augustinian concept of "the eternal generation of the Son". That is, if the NLT reading is ...
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John 5:18 — John's own Christology or Misunderstanding of the Jews?

(Biases on the table: I am a Christian and believe that Jesus is God in the flesh, namely, the eternal Λογος of God Rev 19:13 (who is distinct from the Father προς τον θεον, but of the same nature ...
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Who is being referred to as Εις ανδρα τελειον in Ephesians 4:13?

Ephesians 4:13 (NKJV) 13 till we all come to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ; Ephesians 4:...
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Why did Christ wash Judas feet in John 13:5?

John 13:5 (NKJV) 5 After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded. Christ clearly states that one of ...
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According to Hebrews 1:4 when did Jesus become superior to angels and become a son?

According to Hebrews 1:4 Jesus became superior to the angels and received a new title, "son" that was superior to the title "angel": NIV Hebrews 1: 4So he became as much superior to the angels as ...
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Of whom (or what) does the author of Hebrews “have many things to say, hard to utter” in Hebrews 5:8-11?

(KJV) Hebrews 5:8-11 8 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; 9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey ...
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Origin of Messianic Term “Son of David”

I know that Matthew uses the phrase the "Son of David" as a designation for the Messiah frequently in his gospel. I am wondering where the phrase originated. The Hebrew Bible contains references to ...
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Is there a difference between “in Christ” and “in Jesus”? [closed]

If I do a search on the relative frequencies of "in Christ," "in Christ Jesus," "in Jesus Christ," and "in Jesus," the vast majority are written as "in Christ" or "in Christ Jesus." Is there a reason ...
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When Should “Kingdom” be Interpreted as “The Sovereignty” or “The Kingdom” of God?

Question: Is the "Kingdom of God" a reference to "Sovereignty", or "a National State"? When should forms of the words "βασίλει*" be interpreted in senses of "Royal Authority" or "Kingdom Territory"? ...
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Is Jesus's crown of thorns a callback to Adam's curse of thorns?

Could the crown of thorns described in Mark 15:17 be an attempt by the writer to strengthen the relationship between Christ as the second Adam and the first Adam who is cursed in Genesis 3:18 with an ...
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What is Paul's purpose in highlighting that the Christ was born of a woman?

In Galatians 4:4-5, Paul describes the incarnation event: But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those under the law, that we might ...
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What does Paul mean when he states “that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord?”

Philippians 2:9-11 (KJV) 9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: 10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and ...
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Does Galatians 1:1 preclude the Lord Jesus Christ from being just a man?

In Gal. 1:1, it is written, 1 Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) KJV, 1769 Αʹ Παῦλος ἀπόστολος οὐκ ἀπ᾽ ...
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The Spirit of his Son

In Galatians 4:6 it reads, Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out "Abba, Father." (NIV) Is Paul saying the Son of the Trinity, Jesus Christ, ...
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Was Messiah refuting the belief that He is a ''son'' of King David in Matthew 22:41-45?

Matthew 22; 41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David. 43 He saith unto them, ...
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A little lower than angels, or lower for a little while?

Most translations render Hebrews 2:7 like the NIV: "…a little lower than the angels…", but several modern translations (eg NET, NASB etc) have a different sense like the ESV: 7You made him for a ...
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What does “made perfect” mean in Heb 5:9?

Hebrews 5:8-10 (ESV) Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by ...
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Is Christ still in the form of God in Philippians 2:7-8?

Philippians 2:6-8 (ESV) 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in ...
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How to reconcile Luke 2:11 and Acts 2:36?

For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. Luke 2:11 (ESV) Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both ...
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What “spirit” is 1 Peter 3:18 referring to?

There seems to be disagreement as to whom/what the spirit in 1 Peter 3:18 is. (ESV) For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being ...
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1 Peter 1:20 says Christ was “foreknown”. How was he then preexistant?

American KJV 1 Peter 1:20 says of Christ, Who truly was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you. It seems contradictory to say someone is "...
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What is Jesus' purpose in asking about Psalm 110?

In Mark 12, Jesus is questioned by the various parties and is shown to answer wisely such that no one dares to ask him any more questions. And then he asks his own: While Jesus was teaching in the ...
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In Colossians 1:27, what is the meaning of “this mystery among the Gentiles, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory”?

In Col. 1:24-29, it is written, 24 Now I rejoice in what was suffered for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is ...
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Could μονογενής mean simply “unique”?

In this article Hebrew scholar Michael Heiser makes the claim that the term μονογενής (monogenēs) in John 3:16 means "unique" rather than "only-begotten." However, he does not provide citations, ...
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What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
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In what way Jesus is God's Wisdom in 1 Corinthians 1:24

The verse is saying that to those who are called,both Jews or Greeks, the Messiah for them is God's power and wisdom. 1 Corinthians 1:24 So in what way Jesus is God's Wisdom here? As divine? Or as ...
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What are the limits to the Christological hermeneutic?

According to Wikipedia: The Christo-Centric Principle: "The mind of deity is eternally centered in Christ. All angelic thought and ministry are centered in Christ. All Satanic hatred and ...
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What is Hebrews 1:5-14 saying about Jesus?

Hebrews 1:5-14 should prove that Jesus is superior to angels, citing several Old Testament sources: 5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son; today I have become ...
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Why do many chinese Bibles translate “Logos” in John 1:1 as 道 (Dao)?

道(Dao) is the concept which the entire Dao De Jing seeks to expound upon and discuss. Dao De Jing is the central text of Daoist philosophy. I don't know how to define "dao" beyond an extremely layman-...
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Why does Matthew link Jesus' healing miracles to the title “Son of David?”

A number of people have pointed out that Matthew seems to specifically link the healing miracles of Jesus to his title as "Son of David." Some examples: 9:27 – As Jesus went on from there, two ...