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Questions tagged [authorship]

Questions about the authorship of particular parts of the bible.

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Did Solomon write Ecclesiastes?

In addition to Proverbs there are other canonical texts that non-scholars tend to attribute to Solomon of more dubious origin. What evidence is there that Ecclesiastes alleges to have been written by ...
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Did Solomon write Wisdom of Solomon?

In addition to Proverbs there are other canonical texts that non-scholars tend to attribute to Solomon of more dubious origin. What evidence is there that Wisdom of Solomon alleges to have been ...
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To whom was “To the Hebrews” written?

Is "To the Hebrews" written to Jews in contradistinction to Hellenized Jews? Or in distinction to gentiles? Samaritans? Christians? Based on the title and the content it seems to me that the letter ...
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When and to whom was Psalm 45 written?

Psalm 45 is one of the most mysterious and bizarre compositions of the book of Psalms; it speaks about an anonymous king and his sensuous wives, and goes into great detail about his wealth, power and ...
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Did the same “John” write the fourth gospel and Revelation?

By John, I mean the author of the Gospel of John (whom I believe to be the Apostle John, the beloved disciple: cf. John 21:22). Anecdotally speaking, in my lay opinion, the same (I would say artfully)...
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Dating the New Testament

Can any of the texts of the New Testament, other than Acts, 1 Thessalonians or 2 Peter (for which I already have evidence), be interpreted in such a way that they MUST have been written before the end ...
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Why is the “Four Author Theory” of the Pentateuch so popular? [closed]

Deuteronomy 31:9 9 Then Moses wrote this Torah, and gave it to the priests, the descendants of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel. Deuteronomy 31:...
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Is 2 Thessalonians 3:17 enough to reject Paul as the author of Hebrews?

Hebrews is arguably the deepest of all epistles in the new testament. Hence the writer would have had to be the most insightful among the apostles. Even Peter acknowledged Paul's scriptural depth ...
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Did Paul write 2 Thessalonians?

Since the advent of critical scholarship, the authorship of all the biblical texts have come into question. After the dust settled, it is commonly accepted that, of the thirteen letters attributed to ...
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Who was the author of Mark?

The Wikipedia page on the Gospel of Mark claims (emphasis added): Most scholars also reject the tradition which ascribes it to Mark the Evangelist, the companion of Peter, and regard it as the work ...
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Revelation source criticism

In Revelation, the book can be divided into two or three parts with different genres: Chapter 1 - Prologue Chapter 2 to 3 - Epistles Remainder - Apocalyptic Prophecy Do any scholars posit that the ...
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When was Psalm 83 composed?

Some scholars date this Psalm to the period of the Judges, because of the many references to their victories (namely: Zevach and Tzalmuna, Sisera). Are there any other reasons why this Psalm should be ...
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Who wrote the Book of Daniel

What does it means to say that "Daniel wrote/Did not write the book of Daniel?" Are we saying: 1. Daniel did not produce the finish product but could have provided the notes 2. Daniel had nothing at ...
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What is the basis for a late date for the Book of Daniel? [duplicate]

I had always been under the assumption that the Book of Daniel was written either during the Jewish exile in Babylon or in the years after it, mainly since that's the period the events in the book ...
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What is Isaiah 24-27, and when was it written?

The view that the book of Isaiah, as we have it, came from multiple authors has wide support across the spectrum of scholars. Most often, Isaiah is divided into at least three sections: proto-Isaiah (...
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How could Moses have written the first five books of the Bible?

Deuteronomy 34:5 says Moses died, but the book then continues for several more verses. NASB, Deuteronomy 34:5 - So Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land of Moab, according to the ...
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Why is Moses referred to in the third person in Pentateuch, according to conservative commentators?

Since Moses is regarded as the author of the Pentateuch, it seems odd that he is so often referred to in the third person, which naturally gives the impression that Moses is not narrating. This ...
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Is there a break between Isaiah 39 and 40 in the Dead Sea Scrolls?

In this video (around 31:40) Christine Hayes explains that the Great Isaiah Scroll from Qumran includes an indication by the scribe that a break was recognized between Chapter 39 and Chapter 40. ...
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What is currently the earliest reference for the title of, “According to Matthew”

The title for the Gospel of Matthew, "According to Matthew". Does anyone know who and when the earliest reference was made that St. Matthew wrote his own Gospel?
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Does John 21:24-25 indicate John didn't write this Gospel?

The below 2 verses in the Gospel of John seem to indicate that "John" was not the true author of this Gospel. This intertextual proof seems to indicate that it was him because of the usage of ...
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How many Isaiahs?

I understand that there is a scholarly position that holds that the book of Isaiah was written by three authors, termed First Isaiah (chapters 1-39), Second Isaiah (chapters 40-55), and Third Isaiah (...
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Was the author of Acts a companion of Paul?

Reading through Acts, there are a number of passages describing the journeys of Paul where the author uses the first-person plural. For instance Acts 16:11-12 reads: From Troas we put out to sea ...
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How should we understand David’s name at the beginning of the Psalms?

Many† of the Psalms begin with some variation of: מִזְמ֥וֹר לְדָוִ֑ד LXX: Ψαλμὸς τῷ Δαυιδ ESV: A psalm of David However, as mentioned in Part (2) of this answer about Psalm 72:20, the ...
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Are there any Psalms written by David before he came to the limelight?

I'm looking for Psalms written by David right up until when he killed Goliath. Google so far has been unfruitful.
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Who wrote James?

James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, To the twelve tribes in the Dispersion: Greetings. Paul identifies one James as the brother of Jesus (Galatians 1.19; cf. Mark 6.3). He also ...
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Do linguistic features of Ecclesiastes rule out Solomon as the author?

Franz Delitzsch is famously quoted as saying: If the book of Koheleth were of old Solomonic origin, then there is no history of the Hebrew Language. His argument seems to be that the Hebrew is ...
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Did Moses write Psalm 90?

Psalm 90 begins (ESV): A prayer of Moses, the man of God. Translations seem mostly to agree about this, although I’m not sure if that’s the only way to translate it.* This has traditionally been ...
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The religious identity of those who translated Psalms 24:1 into the LXX

Some time ago, while writing a research paper, I was reading the LXX of Psa. 24:1. The Hebrew text states, א לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר ליהוה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ which may be ...
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Is Romans 3:24-26 original to Paul?

Romans 3:23-26 (NA28, ESV): πάντες γὰρ ἥμαρτον καὶ ὑστεροῦνται τῆς δόξης τοῦ θεοῦ for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, δικαιούμενοι δωρεὰν τῇ αὐτοῦ χάριτι διὰ τῆς ...
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Is there a case to be made that Luke wrote the book of Hebrews?

When I compare and contrast the writings in the book of Romans versus Hebrews they sound very different and in some cases a bit contradictory to each other. Paul emphasizes the certainty of salvation ...
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What does Song 1:1 tell us about Solomon's relationship to the book?

Song 1:1: שִׁ֥יר הַשִּׁירִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לִשְׁלֹמֹֽה׃ (BHS) The Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s.(ESV) I have seen it postulated* that the final word here (a lamed preposition prefixed to the name ...
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What does the vocabulary of 2 Peter indicate about its authorship?

The opening verse of 2 Peter states that the book was written by “Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ" (ESV). By this we understand the claim to be Simon Bar-Jonah (Matt 16:17), a ...
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Were 1 John and John’s gospel written by the same person?

I’m interested in internal evidence based on the linguistic/stylistic and (if you like) thematic patterns of the two books. I am less interested for the purpose of this question in whether either was ...
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Who wrote Lamentations?

As part of the Meta Call for questions related to the Five Scrolls. Traditionally, Lamentations has been attributed to Jeremiah, the reason it follows Jeremiah in the Christian ordering of the Old ...
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What evidence suggests that Paul was not the author of Titus?

I am aware that only a minority of critical scholars recognize Paul as the author of Titus. What I am not sure of is why. Does "the author" say something in the letter that sounds "non-Pauline"? Does ...
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Does the Gospel of Marcion attest to Luke's authorship of the Gospel of Luke?

The Gospel of Marcion is said to be evidence that the Gospel of Luke was in fact written by Luke: Tradition unanimously affirms this author to be Luke. This is attested by the early heretic ...
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What external evidence do we have for who wrote the Gospel of John?

It seems the Gospel of John was written in the late 80s or early 90s. If John was around Jesus age when they both met, then he would have been 80 or 90 years when writing it. In that time, people ...
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Why is the fact that the Muratorian Fragment included Luke in its canon considered an external evidence for Luke's authorship?

The Muratorian Fragment is said to be evidence that the Gospel of Luke was in fact written by him: Tradition unanimously affirms this author to be Luke. This is attested by the early heretic ...
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Internal Evidence of Authorship of the Fourth Gospel

By the "fourth gospel," I mean the gospel commonly attributed to an "apostle John." However, is there actually an internal evidence that someone named John wrote the fourth gospel, as is commonly ...
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Did Jesus ever write anything? [closed]

I mean we got writing by matthew, mark, luke, etc. Where is writing by Jesus? Anything survive? Did Jesus ever write anything that survives? I am aware of a tradition that king of Edessa want to be ...
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Why Luke's gospel was originally anonymous?

According to an answer here What are the evidences that Luke is written after/before the fall of Jerusalem? Luke's gospel was originally anonymous and latter assigned to Luke, a fellow travelers of ...
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Revelation: Before or after AD70?

My question is about how the Book of Revelation is dated. Some say it was written before the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, and others say it was written later (maybe around AD 90.) Obviously the ...
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Is John 21 a later addition to the Fourth Gospel?

Many readers have noted that John 20:30-31 makes for a fitting ending to the Gospel. Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But ...
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Does John 21:20-24 indicate that the original author of the Fourth Gospel was dead?

Early tradition says that the author lived on for some time after the composition, while many post-eighteenth century critical scholars seem to take for granted that the author (if it even is the ...
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Identity of the “we” in 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
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Would it matter if the ID of 'Auctor' was revealed and who are the potential candidates?

The author of Hebrews, being generally uncertain, sometimes goes by the moniker "Auctor". But who or what lies behind the mask? What clues do we have to work with that could tip us off to their ...
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Is Malachi a pseudonym?

The ESV has a note on Malachi 1:1: The oracle of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.1 1:1 Malachi means my messenger Malachi's Wikipedia entry shows that this has caused interpreters ...
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How can the Pastoral Epistles not be Pauline?

According to my own reading and Wikipedia: On the basis of their language, content, and other factors, the Pastoral Epistles are today widely regarded as not having been written by the Apostle Paul,...
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Was Moses the probable author of Genesis?

I've been operating under the assumption that Moses was the author the book of Genesis (or at least the recorder of a bunch of oral traditions). This document suggests a different view. http://www....
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Was the Beloved Disciple the author of the Fourth Gospel?

One very common interpretation of the Gospel of John is that the Beloved Disciple was the author of the book. (Presumably, he was interested in obscuring his identity for some reason.) But other ...