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Questions tagged [authorial-intent]

Questions investigating a text's meaning by discerning what its author intended it to mean.

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5 answers
3k views

Does "they neither marry nor are given in marriage" refer to the act of getting married, or the state of being married?

All 3 Synoptic Gospels record similar a teaching from Jesus given in response to a question asked by the Sadducees (what happens to the woman who marries 7 brothers in this life). Matthew 22:30 For ...
2 votes
2 answers
101 views

Why are "ha-adam" and "adam" often translated inconsistently in Genesis?

The word, adam, means “man” (SH 120) and it’s also a name, Adam (SH 121), and it can mean “red” (SH 119 with the same vowel points). Ha means “the” in Hebrew, so ha-adam means “the man.” I’m not ...
4 votes
6 answers
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What does Paul mean by "denying its power" in 2 Timothy 3:5?

2 Timothy 3:1-9 (ESV) But understand this, that in the last days there will come times of difficulty. 2 For people will be lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, arrogant, abusive, disobedient to ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Why are passages in the Book of Joshua repeated in the Book of Judges (Jos. 15:15-19, Jdgs. 1:11-15)?

In these two parallel sets of passages, why is the Book of Judges merely restating that which was stated in Joshua 15? Joshua 15:15-19, NASB: Then he went up from there against the inhabitants of ...
5 votes
5 answers
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What words existed in Greek to express the concept "eternal"?

I have heard that the Greek word aiōnios is more literally translated "age-long", the adjective form of aiōn meaning "age". Aiōnios is translated as "eternal" in most ...
5 votes
5 answers
8k views

What did Jesus mean by "buy from me gold refined by fire" and "salve to anoint your eyes" in Revelation 3:18?

When addressing the lukewarm Church of Laodicea, Christ suggested the following: Revelation 3:14-22 (ESV): 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful ...
2 votes
3 answers
668 views

Is the timeline of the stone in Daniel 2:34-44 defined?

In Daniel 2, a stone crushes the statue of Nebuchadnezzar's vision. This stone grows and covers the Earth. "In the days of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never ...
7 votes
3 answers
193 views

Does God have a spirit separate from the Holy Spirit?

In 1 Corinthians 12:3 Paul uses two different expressions of spirit; “Spirit of God” and the” Holy Spirit”. Are these (2) different spirits, or the same spirit? Now, this question may be answered by ...
4 votes
2 answers
137 views

Why does the household table in Colossians spend so long on slaves?

In the household table in Colossians 3:18-4:1, almost half the words are directed towards slaves. This seems significant, especially since in the household table in Ephesians, it is much more evenly ...
5 votes
6 answers
252 views

Is the speaker in Psalm 22:1 forsaken literally or poetically?

The well-known Psalm 22 begins with the following as the first verse (KJV): My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring? It is ...
5 votes
8 answers
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What's Paul's interpretation of "In Isaac shall thy seed be called"

Romans 9:6-9 6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: 7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: ...
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Does Lamentations reference Hosea as source material?

Reading through Hosea after being deep in Lamentations, it seems that Lamentations (approximately exilic) references several motifs or tropes from Hosea (earlier, pre-exilic). Does anyone know of any ...
8 votes
6 answers
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Greek question Philippians 3:9 is it "faith in Christ" or "faith of Christ"

I'm looking at Philippians 3:9 and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith; (...
2 votes
2 answers
106 views

Exodus 12:36 Did the Egyptians obey because they favored the Israelites, or because God favored the Israelites?

Exodus 12:36 Comparing some different translations of this passage, half them read like "God made all the Egyptians like/be magically charmed by/look favorably upon the Israelites so much, that ...
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

What is the difference between "old man" in Romans 6:6 and "flesh" in Romans 8:1?

What is the difference between "old man" in Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. ...
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4 answers
246 views

Are Husbands commanded to submit to their wives?

18 And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,... 21 submitting to one another out of reverence for Christ. -Ephesians 5:18,21 Submitting to one another is ...
3 votes
5 answers
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What does "by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they" mean in Hebrews 1:4?

What does "by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they" mean in Hebrews 1:4 being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than ...
14 votes
12 answers
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In John 12:20-26 why does John include the account of the Greeks wanting to see Jesus?

20 Now there were certain Greeks among those who came up to worship at the feast. 21 Then they came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, “Sir, we wish to see Jesus....
8 votes
7 answers
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Did Moses fast for 81-days straight in Deuteronomy 9:9-18?

Did Moses fast (without food or water) for 81-days straight in Deuteronomy 9:9-18 | Or did Moses eat & drink in verses 12-17? If the descent from Mount Horeb, destruction of the Golden Calf, and ...
2 votes
4 answers
415 views

Jesus' command to give something to eat to Jairus' daughter

Does Jesus' command to the father and mother of the damsel - after He had raised her, that something should be given her to eat - indicate that they had been starving her to death? (Mark 5:40-43) ...
1 vote
2 answers
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(Isaiah 41:2 & 25)“conjoining" literary technique of “north” & “east” to deduce that God “inspired” Cyrus of Media & Persia to conquer nations

Isaiah 41:2 and 25 New American Standard Bible 1995 ………. ……………………………… 2 “Who has aroused one from the east Whom He calls in righteousness to His [a]feet? He delivers up nations before him And subdues ...
27 votes
4 answers
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Why is Genesis careful to record the exact dates of the flood?

Genesis 7:11 (NIV, emphasis mine) In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month—on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates ...
2 votes
5 answers
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Why were the Magi mentioned of in the gospel of Mathew but not in Luke and Mark?

The Gospel of Matthew highlights and mentions Magi coming from the east to visit the Christ. Why was this narrative highlighted and emphasized in Matthew and not mentioned in the other synoptic ...
4 votes
3 answers
507 views

In Romans 8:29 is Paul speaking of "predestination" with regard to birth or to judgment?

Predestinate: to determine or set a destiny ahead of an appointed time. I am curious as to why the appointed time in regard to 'predestinate' is so often interpreted to mean "before time began," when ...
3 votes
7 answers
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What is Paul referring to in 1 Timothy 4:14?

Paul wrote to Timothy in his first letter to him: Do not neglect the spiritual gift within you, which was bestowed on you through prophetic utterance with the laying on of hands by the presbytery. -...
4 votes
3 answers
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What's the connection between Sinai and Seir?

The blessing of Moses in Deut. 33:2 The Lord came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir; he shone forth from Mount Paran. This verse is almost unanimously understood to describe ...
2 votes
3 answers
513 views

(Proverbs 23:1-3) what does Not desiring deceptive food have anything to do with behaving while dining with important leaders?

(Proverbs 23:1-3) New American Standard Bible 1995 1 When you sit down to dine with a ruler, Consider carefully [a]what is before you, 2 And put a knife to your throat If you are a man of great ...
9 votes
3 answers
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Does Apostle Paul give a warning against different denominations?

What is the nature of the divisions identified in the original text of this statement by the Apostle Paul? 1 Corinthians 1:12–13 (ASV) Now this I mean, that each one of you saith, I am of Paul; ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Sharing of Paul epistles amongst churches

In Colossians 4:16, Paul explicitely instructs the sharing of epistles between the Laodiceans and Colossians: 16 And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be read also in the church ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Major themes associated with the narrative related to Jotham's censure of people of Shechem for killing off Jotham's full brothers in Judges Book

(Related question posting: What deeper understanding/What can we infer when we read the account of Jotham's censure of people of Shechem for killing off Jotham's full brothers?) What are some ...
2 votes
2 answers
877 views

What are "the things of the Spirit of God"? 1 Corinthians 2:14

1 Corinthians 2:14 YLT and the natural man doth not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for to him they are foolishness, and he is not able to know [them], because spiritually they are discerned;...
3 votes
3 answers
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What does "take away sin/sins" mean in John 1:29 & Hebrews 10:11?

What does takes away the sin mean in John 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! and take away sins in ...
5 votes
7 answers
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What does Jesus mean by "hot", "cold" and "lukewarm" in Revelation 3:16?

Revelation 3:14-22 (ESV) 14 “And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God's creation. 15 “‘I know your works: you are ...
13 votes
5 answers
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Herod The Fox: Luke 13-32

In the book of Luke chapter 13 v 32, Jesus refers to Herod as "that Fox": 32And he said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the ...
5 votes
5 answers
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Can the elect in view in Matthew 24:24 be deceived or not?

For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: ...
2 votes
6 answers
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What is the meaning of "lampstand" in Revelation 2:5?

What is the meaning of "lampstand" in Revelation 2:5 ? Remember therefore from where you have fallen; repent, and do the works you did at first. If not, I will come to you and remove your ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Is Zechariah's vision in chapters 8 providing the fulfillment of his vision in Chapters 1-7?

Zechariah 1:13-14,16-17 KJV [13] And the Lord answered the angel that talked with me with good words and comfortable words. [14] So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, ...
4 votes
3 answers
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King Saul asks who David's father was in 1 Samuel 17 for rhetorical effect in response to seeing how a young boy like David killed a giant, Goliath?

There is confusion as to why King Saul asked who David's father was in 1 Samuel 17 because the preceding 1 Samuel 16 chapter already recounts the story of how King Saul came know and meet David. ...
4 votes
2 answers
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In Jesus' parables, how does the value of Talents differ from Minas, and what does the change signify?

The Parable of the Talents (Matthew 25:14-30) is nearly identical to the Parable of the Ten Minas (Luke 19:11-27). One major change is that the values and quantities of the money is very different in ...
6 votes
3 answers
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Why does 2 Peter 2:5 refer to Noah as "the eighth"?

2 Peter 2:5 (Mounce Reverse Interlinear New Testament) : and if he did not spare the ancient world (but preserved Noah, the eighth, a herald of righteousness) when he brought the deluge on an ungodly ...
5 votes
4 answers
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Do Titus 1:2 + 2 Timothy 3:16 mean that scripture is inerrant?

Amended for clarity Two passages from Paul that are often used together: In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; (Titus 1:2) All scripture is given by ...
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1 answer
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Is the Greek word "pragmaton" as used in Hebrews 11:1 referring to a thing done, an action, deed?

Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. [Hebrews 11:1 KJV] Is the Greek word "pragmaton" as used in Hebrews 11:1 referring to a thing done, an ...
7 votes
2 answers
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What does “put at the apostles’ feet” mean in Acts 4:32-5:2?

32 All the believers were one in heart and mind. No one claimed that any of their possessions was their own, but they shared everything they had. 33 With great power the apostles continued to testify ...
1 vote
3 answers
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What do the words "boasts" & "knows mean in Jeremiah 9:24

Jeremiah 9:24 but let him who boasts boast in this, that he understands and knows me, that I am the LORD who practices steadfast love, justice, and righteousness in the earth. For in these things ...
5 votes
3 answers
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What does Revelation 14:11 mean by "they have no rest, day or night"?

Revelation 14:11 (ESV) And the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and they have no rest, day or night, these worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its ...
5 votes
9 answers
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What does Ecclesiastes 12:7 exactly mean by "the spirit returns to God"?

Ecclesiastes 12:7 (ESV): 7 and the dust returns to the earth as it was, and the spirit returns to God who gave it. What does Ecclesiastes 12:7 exactly mean by "the spirit returns to God"? ...
2 votes
4 answers
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What does "obey the truth" mean in Romans 2:8?

What does obey the truth mean in this verse? Romans 2:8 but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury. What is the truth ...
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2 answers
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Deeper Understanding of some of the professions that God wanted to end in (Isaiah 3:1-3)

Isaiah 3:1-3 New American Standard Bible 1995 For behold, the Lord [a]God of hosts is going to remove from Jerusalem and Judah Both [b]supply and support, the whole [c]supply of bread And the whole [d]...
11 votes
8 answers
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Is it possible to have saving faith in Jesus Christ if one has misunderstood who the Jesus Christ of scripture really is? Romans 1:1-4

I ask because of noting how chapter 1 of Romans deals with the person of Christ – who he is – while not dealing with what he has done to save sinners until chapter 3. Could this be significant? I read ...
2 votes
1 answer
319 views

Why did Jesus say the last will be first in the Gospel of Mark...three times?

In Mark 9, Jesus teaches his disciples about leadership: Sitting down, Jesus called the Twelve and said, “Anyone who wants to be first must be the very last, and the servant of all.” Mark 9:35 Then, ...

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