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Questions tagged [acts]

The second half of Luke's history of the church, which was commissioned by Theophilus. It covers the actions of the Apostles from Christ's ascension to heaven to Paul's imprisonment in Rome.

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Did Luke use Josephus as a source?

Richard Carrier summarizes an argument made by Steve Mason in his book Josephus and the New Testament that Luke knew of Josephus' Jewish War (79 CE) and Jewish Antiquities (94 CE). At it's core, the ...
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7 votes
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Did James & the elders in Jerusalem advise Paul to compromise in Acts 21:21-24?

(KJV)Acts 21:21-24 And they are informed of thee, that thou teachest all the Jews which are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses, saying that they ought not to circumcise their children, neither to ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
775 views

What are the theological implications of Paul's continuing identifying himself as a Pharisee in Acts 23:6-10 despite being an Apostle of Christ?

Acts 23:6-10 (ESV): 6 Now when Paul perceived that one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, “Brothers, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees. It is with respect to ...
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27 votes
7 answers
24k views

Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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23 votes
3 answers
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In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute?

In the gospel accounts of the trial of Jesus we learn that the Jewish authorities could not sentence anyone to death: Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we ...
Niclas Nilsson's user avatar
18 votes
7 answers
45k views

In Acts 7:56 why does Stephen see Jesus "standing"?

and he said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened up and the Son of Man ~standing~ at the right hand of God.” Acts 7:56 (NASB) All of the time, except for this time, Jesus sits at the right hand side ...
shakAttack's user avatar
15 votes
10 answers
36k views

What does "The LORD said to my Lord" mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
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14 votes
4 answers
4k views

In Acts 2:6, was the miracle in the speaking or the hearing at Pentecost?

I have a few questions about tongues during the Pentecost event in acts. Here is the main verse : And when this sound was heard, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every ...
acc abb's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
48k views

What do we know about Paul's family?

Related to https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/q/8024/3195 I want to know more information about Paul's family. According to Acts 23:6 Paul's father was a pharisee: But when Paul perceived that ...
Ionică Bizău's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
1k views

Is the promise of "power" in Acts 1:8 only for the apostles or for Christians in all ages?

Acts 1:7-8 (NIV): 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you ...
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20 votes
10 answers
8k views

How did Judas die? How can the stories in Matthew and Acts be reconciled?

In fact, there are multiple discrepancies between these two verses, what did really happen? Matthew 27:5-8 5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged ...
sergeidave's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
1k views

How do you reconcile I Tim 2 saying that a woman is not to teach a man and the account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching Apollos who was a man?

How do you reconcile 1 Tim 2 which says that a woman is not to teach a man and Acts 18:24-28 which is account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching a man, Apollos?
tina's user avatar
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10 votes
6 answers
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Do Christians receive the Holy Spirit upon conversion or not (Ephesians 1:13 vs. Acts 8:14-17; 19:1-7)?

On the one hand Ephesians 1:13 appears to state that Christians receive the Holy Spirit upon the moment of conversion: Ephesians 1:13 (NIV) 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the ...
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Did Paul think in Hebrew?

I recently posted a question here regarding a passage in Romans citing a verse in Habakkuk. My understanding is that in this and (all?) other references to Hebrew scripture Paul cites the LXX (...
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between having the spiritual gift of prophecy and being a prophet?

In 1 Corinthians 12, 13 & 14 the Apostle Paul talks about the spiritual gift of prophecy and also about prophets, and he seems to use both terms interchangeably: 10 to another the working of ...
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18 votes
4 answers
20k views

Who/what is Peter's angel?

In Acts 12, Peter is miraculously released from prison when an angel visits him at night. Peter escapes and returns to the house where a group is gathered praying. A servant girl, Rhoda goes to answer ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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17 votes
2 answers
31k views

What does "Christian" mean (Acts 11:26)?

The word "Christian" is first used in Acts 11:26. and when he found him, he brought him to Antioch. So for a whole year Barnabas and Saul met with the church and taught a significant number of ...
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12 votes
13 answers
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Did Abraham leave Haran before or after his father died?

Genesis 11:31-12-1 appears to indicate that Abram left Haran after his father Terah had died. (The author of the New Testament book of Acts certainly saw it that way.) Terah took his son Abram and ...
Bruce Alderman's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
4k views

Is eating blood a sin according to Acts 15:20?

Acts 15:20 Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from the meat of strangled animals and from blood. In 1 Corinthians 8:9, Paul ...
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6 votes
3 answers
750 views

Was Stephen put to death by legal execution or a lynch mob?

Previous discussion on the site This is a follow up to the question: In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute? - the selected & most upvoted answer concludes: The only ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
5k views

Was casting the lot in Acts 1:26 a vote or a lottery?

When choosing a replacement for Judas, there are two candidates, and in Acts 1:26, we read (ESV): And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven ...
cdjc's user avatar
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3 votes
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What is meant by “power” in the context of Acts 1:8?

Acts 1:7-8 (NIV): 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you ...
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21 votes
3 answers
10k views

Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of a ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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19 votes
3 answers
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Why did the witnesses lay their coats at Paul's feet?

During the stoning of Stephen, according to the book of Acts, "the witnesses laid their coats at the feet of a young man named Saul," who later converted to Christianity and took the name ...
Bruce Alderman's user avatar
17 votes
7 answers
17k views

Why did Stephen give such a long speech?

Before he was stoned, Stephen gives a huge speech (Acts 7) going over Israeli history, from Abraham through Moses to David. I really don't understand the purpose of it. What is the overall message? ...
Reinstate Monica - Goodbye SE's user avatar
14 votes
9 answers
69k views

Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Church in Jerusalem?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility (...
Matthew Miller's user avatar
14 votes
6 answers
76k views

Why does Paul get annoyed with the slave girl in Acts 16?

The story in Acts 16 of the demon-possessed slave girl is a curious story to me for many reasons. If it's better to break up my questions into several, I can do so; but for now I'd like to keep them ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
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Does Luke's supposed profession matter when interpreting his work as an author?

Paul makes reference to a physician named Luke: Luke the beloved physician greets you, as does Demas.—Colossians 4:14 (ESV) Tradition also assigns Luke as author of the gospel that bears its ...
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10 votes
6 answers
3k views

What did the Philippian jailer mean by "saved"?

In Acts 16:30, after the earthquake and the loosing of the chains of Paul and Silas, the Philippian jailer asks them (NA28): κύριοι, τί με δεῖ ποιεῖν ἵνα σωθῶ; Sirs, what must I do to be saved? I'm ...
Susan's user avatar
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9 votes
4 answers
2k views

Is "calling on the name of the Lord" in Acts 9 literal or figurative?

How did Paul fetch out the followers of Jesus in Acts 9? I've always thought that it was simply their practice of calling on the name of the Lord (precisely "Jesus") aloud as the phrase "calling on ...
brilliant's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
17k views

Which apostles did Paul see while he was in Jerusalem after his conversion?

In Galatians 1:16b-19, 22 (ESV), Paul writes that after his conversion in Damascus, ...I did not immediately consult with anyone; nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me,...
Dan's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
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In Acts 7:43, why did the author write “Babylon” rather than “Damascus”?

In Acts 7:43, it is written, 43 Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon. KJV, 1769 ...
Jae Bae's user avatar
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8 votes
10 answers
9k views

In Acts 20:7, why is the phrase τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων translated “the first day of the week” when it could mean “the first Sabbath”?

I noticed that the Greek phrase τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων in Acts 20:7 is often translated “the first day of the week.” However, I assert that it could also mean “the first Sabbath” because the noun ...
TruthSeeker's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

Acts 22:16 - Is "washing away your sins" linked to baptism or calling on the Lord?

In Acts 22, Paul is recounting his conversion, and uses the phrase Having arisen, be baptised and wash away your sins, calling on His name. ἀναστὰς βάπτισαι καὶ ἀπόλουσαι τὰς ἁμαρτίας σου, ...
Steve can help's user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
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Why are the three accounts of Paul's conversion on the road to Damascus different

Paul himself makes no mention of a conversion on the road to Damascus, whereas Acts of the Apostles has not one, but three accounts: At Acts 9:3-8, Paul was blinded by a light and fell down, then ...
Dick Harfield's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
678 views

Does "Hebrew" refer to the language or the language family?

The book of Acts mentions the Hebrew language a number of times: And when he had given him permission, Paul, standing on the steps, motioned with his hand to the people. And when there was a great ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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5 votes
5 answers
9k views

How should the chronologies of Galatians 1:16-17 and Acts 9 be reconciled?

I would like to know where in respect to Acts 9 the events of Galatians 1:16-17 most likely occurred. Here are two possibilities: …. And immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and he ...
E. Cardona's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
355 views

Was being baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus not enough in order to receive the Holy Spirit?

Acts 8:14 When the apostles in Jerusalem heard that Samaria had accepted the word of God, they sent Peter and John to Samaria. 15 When they arrived, they prayed for the new believers there that they ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why didn't the Jewish leaders try one more time to have Jesus stoned to death?

They tried to stone Jesus in John 8: 57 “You are not yet fifty years old,” they said to him, “and you have seen Abraham!” 58“Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am!” ...
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4 votes
3 answers
261 views

In Acts 2:6, does αὐτῶν refer to the disciples or to the hearers?

I am trying to resolve an issue regarding Acts 2:6. Someone with whom I am engaging is claiming that the devout Jews from every nation miraculously understood what was being said to them, as if the ...
The Votive Soul's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
1k views

Do Matthew 5:17-20 and Acts 15 contradict each other?

Matthew 5:17-20 (NKJV) 17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one ...
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3 votes
2 answers
959 views

Was Paul being sarcastic when he claimed that he didn't recognize Ananias?

Related: Was Paul literally predicting that God would strike Ananias? From Acts 23:1-5 (NIV): 1 Paul looked straight at the Sanhedrin and said, “My brothers, I have fulfilled my duty to God in all ...
EJoshuaS - Stand with Ukraine's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
971 views

Which Mary is which?

Inspired by this question: I thought a question directly focused on Mary-disambiguation would be helpful. There are lots of Mary's in the New Testament. Here's a sampling: In the end of the sabbath, ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
5k views

How long did Saul reign?

In 1 Samuel 13:1 (BPT09) Saul era de meia-idade, quando se tornou rei de Israel e reinou cerca de vinte anos. which translates to: Saul was middle-aged when he became king of Israel and reigned for ...
Tiago Peres's user avatar
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2 votes
7 answers
4k views

In Galatians 2:11-13 why does Peter fear the Jewish believers?

KJV Gal 2:11  But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed.  Gal 2:12  For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
271 views

Does the human spirit rise up after a person dies?

New International Version Ecclesiastes 12: 7 before the dust returns to the ground from which it came and the spirit returns to God who gave it. This is confirmed in Act 7: 54 When the members of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
283 views

Is Paul encouraging Christians to pursue an Acts 4:29-31 type of experience in Ephesians 5:18?

In Ephesians 5:18-20 (ESV), Paul encourages Christians to seek to be filled with the Spirit: 18 And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit, 19 addressing ...
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1 vote
1 answer
162 views

What is the significance of Acts 10:13, 11:7 "make sacrificial slaughter"

The verses say, και εγενετο φωνη προς αυτον αναστας πετρε θυσον και φαγε and became a sound/voice to him arise Peter make-sacrificial-slaughter and eat
Cynthia's user avatar
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18 votes
13 answers
6k views

What was the "yoke" that neither the disciples nor their fathers could bear?

Acts 15:10 Now therefore, why do you test God by putting a yoke on the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? 11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord ...
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17 votes
3 answers
4k views

Is it a contradiction that Paul's companions both "heard a voice" (Acts 9:7) and "did not hear the voice" (Acts 22:9)?

These two chapters of Acts tell the story of Paul's meeting with Jesus on the road to Damascus but appear to be inconsistent: And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing a voice, ...
Jeremy H's user avatar
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