Questions tagged [1-kings]

1 Kings presents the biblical view of history of ancient Israel and Judah from the death of David to the release of his successor Jehoiachin from imprisonment in Babylon.

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Parallelism of names within 1 Kings 14

I was just reading 1 Kings 14, and I noticed two parallels. First of all, Jeroboam and Rehoboam sound similar. Is this due to the Hebrew naming conventions, or is there something more at play here? ...
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Why is 1 Kings 22:47-50 missing in the LXX?

1 Kings 22:47-50 which describes the death of Jehoshaphat is missing in the LXX. What could be the reason for having left out these verses?
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A question about the word שׁוֹשָׁן (lilies) in I Kings 7:22,26

The record in Kings - I Kings 7:22 and 26 - of 'lily work', on the top of the two pillars, Jachin and Boaz, in the temple that Solomon built, uses the Hebrew word shoshan (as noted by Robert Young in ...
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Did King Solomon make the Israelites his servants?

Initial we are told that King Solomon used the descendants of the conquered tribes as his servants to build his cities and other works 1 Kings 9:22 NKJV 22 But of the children of Israel Solomon ...
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Who were these prophets in 1 Kings 18:2-4?

So Elijah went to present himself to Ahab; and there was a severe famine in Samaria. And Ahab had called Obadiah, who was in charge of his house. (Now Obadiah feared the Lord greatly. For so it ...
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Is God guilty of lying in 1 Kings 22?

22And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also: go forth, ...
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Did David and Solomon rely on a 12-month solar calendar to organize certain functions in the kingdom?

Solomon divided his kingdom into 12 areas and had 12 individuals overseeing those areas. Then he had each area provide food for him for a month: Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who ...
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In 1 Kings 1:33, where was Gihon and why did David instruct Solomon be taken there to be anointed?

1 Kings 1:32-33: "2 And king David said, Call me Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada. And they came before the king. 33 The king also said unto them, Take ...
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Why are different words for “month” used to when identifying Ziv as the second month, Bul as the eighth month, and Ethanim as the seventh month?

The construction of the Temple began in the month of Ziv, which is identified as the second month: In the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, ...
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Interpretation of 1 Kings‬ ‭22:38‬ [closed]

See this: «And one washed the charet in the pool of Samaria, and the dogs licked up his blood (and they washed his armour) according vnto the word of the Lord which he spake.» ‭‭1 Kings‬ ‭22:38‬ ‭...
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“Blasphemy” in 1 Kings 21:10 [duplicate]

"and cause two men -- sons of worthlessness -- to sit over-against him, and they testify of him, saying, Thou hast blessed God and Melech; and they have brought him out, and stoned him, and he dieth.'"...
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Building temple in I Kings 6

"The house, while it was being built, was built of stone prepared at the quarry, and there was neither hammer nor axe nor any iron tool heard in the house while it was being built." 1 Kings 6:7 NASB, ...
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Whom did Baasha kill in 1 Kings 16:7?

1 Kings 16:7 KJV 7 And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of the LORD against Baasha, and against his house, even for all the evil that he did in the sight of the ...
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“King's friend” in 1 Kings 4

In 1 Kings 4:1–6, a number of titles of officials are mentioned (ESV): King Solomon was king over all Israel, and these were his high officials: Azariah the son of Zadok was the priest; ...
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Harlots before king Solomon in 1 Kings 3:16

Then two women who were harlots came to the king and stood before him. Should not the harlots have been killed by law? However, far from executing them, Solomon judged between them! But if this ...
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Why does 1 Kings 15:5 say David did not turn from the commands of the Lord except in the Uriah case?

1 Kings 15:5 NIV 5 For David had done what was right in the eyes of the Lord and had not failed to keep any of the Lord’s commands all the days of his life—except in the case of Uriah the Hittite. ...
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Does 1 Kings 8:35-36 and 46-50 teach that, under the Old Covenant, one was able to receive forgiveness without a sacrifice?

When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest them: 36Then ...
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What are the lameds in the scribal annotations in the Aleppo Codex?

In this comment on History SE, I recalled reading the Biblical book of 1 Kings in the Aleppo Codex (10th century AD). Where Elijah is taunting rival prophets with the suggestion that their god Ba'...
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Who anointed Hazael as king of Aram?

1 Kings 19:15-16 NASB 15 The Lord said to him, “Go, return on your way to the wilderness of Damascus, and when you have arrived, you shall anoint Hazael king over Aram; 16 and Jehu the son of ...
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Are the 7000 in 1 Kings 19:18 all prophets?

[1Ki 19:18 KJV] 18 Yet I have left [me] seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him. It seems like only prophets were being ...
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How old was David when he died? Could he have been bedridden at that age?

I observed the Bible is silent over the number of years David lived on earth. Then David slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David. And the time that David reigned over Israel ...
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Why אכילה instead of אכל in 1 Kings 19:8?

1 Kings 19:8 ויקם ויאכל וישתה וילך בכח ׀ האכילה ההיא ארבעים יום וארבעים לילה עד הר האלהים חרב (KJV) And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and ...
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Did the sea hold 2000 or 3000 baths?

In 1 Kings 7:26 it is said that it could hold 2000 baths. But in 2 Chronicles 4:5 it is said that it could hold 3000 Baths. Can this be considered as a contradiction?
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Did Jezebel also destroy the sons of Naboth as alluded to in 2 Kings 9?

When Jehu recounts the Naboth incident he seems to insinuate that Naboth died with his sons. 2 Kings 9:25-26 NASB 25 Then Jehu said to Bidkar his officer, “Take him up and cast him into the [z]...
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In 1 Kings 7:25 do the oxen represent the “foundations of the earth”?

KJV 1Ki 7:25  It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was ...
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Were Rahab (Joshua 2) and the two women with the dead baby (1 Kings 3:16) really prostitutes or just inn keepers?

According to the "Treasury of Scripture" the word for "prostitute" and the word for "inn keeper" are the same word: harlots The word {zanoth}, rendered {harlots}, is here translated by the ...
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Sequence of anointing in God's instructions to Elijah

What spiritual significance is attached to the sequence in which God instructs Elijah to anoint first Hazael, then Jehu then Elisha? (1 Kings 19:15-16) Why a heathen king of Syria first, before two of ...
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How can we reconcile the suppossed contradiction 1 Kings 7 & 2 Chronicles 2?

1 Kings 7:13-14 NASB 13 Now King Solomon sent and brought Hiram from Tyre. 14 He was a widow’s son from the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in bronze; an 2 Chronicles ...
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In 1 Kings 11:29-32 what happened to the 12th piece of the robe?

When Jeroboam leaves Jerusalem he met the prophet Ahijah: And at that time, when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him on the road. Now Ahijah had dressed ...
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Was prophet Micaiah's initial prophecy meant to be an irony in 1 Kings 22?

When king Ahab sent for Micaiah to prophesy about the battle against Syria he gave a solemn promise that he will only speak what the Lord told him.Then Micaiah went on to prophecy victory against the ...
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Was the appointing of Solomon not contrary to the law in 1 kings 1:28-30?

David appoints Solomon as King 1 Kings 1:28-30 (NKJV) Then King David answered and said, “Call Bathsheba to me.” So she came into the king’s presence and stood before the king. 29 And the king ...
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Did not King Solomon defile the altar by killing Joab while he was still holding onto its horns in 1 Kings?

In a similar incident Solomon had spared the life of his brother Adonijah. 1 Kings 1:50-53 (NKJV) 50 Now Adonijah was afraid of Solomon; so he arose, and went and took hold of the horns of the ...
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Is the 480 years mentioned in 1 Kings 6 accurate?

1 Kings 6:1 (KJV) 1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in ...
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How is Abiather linked to the house of Eli?

In 1 Samuel 2, Eli is cursed for letting his sons defile the house of God: 27 Then a man of God came to Eli and said to him, “Thus says the LORD: ‘Did I not clearly reveal Myself to the house of ...
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Why did Ahab call the king of Syria his brother?

1 Kings 20:31-32: 31 His servants said to him, “Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings, please let us put sackcloth on our loins and ropes on our heads, ...
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Why did Jehoshaphat go to Ramoth-gilead?

In 1 Kings 22, Ahab and Jehoshaphat were trying to decide whether to go up to Ramoth-gilead. The prophets falsely advised them that God would give it into their hands. However, Jehoshaphat requested ...
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In 1 Kings 2:13-25 why didn't Solomon's mother see Adonijah's request as treasonous?

In 1 Kings 2:13-25 when Adonijah asked Bathsheba to ask Solomon for Abishag as a wife, Solomon saw the request as tantamount to a treasonous attempt on the throne. Given that Bathsheba was aware of ...
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If David wanted Joab killed, why did he leave it to Solomon instead of doing it himself?

Closely related: Why did David advise Solomon to kill Joab? The linked question asks why David advised Solomon to kill Joab. I would like to ask a follow-up question: if David wanted Joab killed, why ...
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Is there a “Permissive Imperative” in Hebrew? (1 Kings 22:22)

Was it common in ancient Hebrew to express permission by commanding a person to do what they asked for permission to do? For example, consider 1 Kings 22: 20 And the LORD said, Who shall persuade ...
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What were the grievances Jeroboam brought against king Solomon?

The Bible in 1 kings 11:27 says (NIV): Here is the account of how he rebelled against the king: Solomon had built the terracesa (Millo) and had filled in the gap in the wall of the city of ...
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Why is it significant for the author to point out that no iron tools were used on the site of Solomon's temple? (1 Kings 6:7)

The temple of Solomon was built in a sort of strange way. Since Solomon was the wisest man that ever lived (according to scripture), there must have been some element of divine wisdom in his decision. ...
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Why wasn't Elijah's credibility affected after unclean birds (ravens) fed him for so long?

1 Kings:17.1 Then the word of the LORD came to him, saying, "Get away from here and turn eastward, and hide by the Brook Cherith, which flows into the Jordan. "And it will be that you shall ...
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Who wore the new garment in 1 Kings 11:29-31?

(KJV) 1 Kings 11:29-31 29 And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new ...
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How can a prophet talk about a Samaria that didn't yet exist?

In 1 Kings 13:32 (NIV) the anonymous prophet speaks in the days of Jeroboam (the first king of the split kingdom of Israel): For the message he declared by the word of the Lord against the altar ...
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In 1 Kings 18:22 and 19:10 why does Elijah say he is the only prophet left?

The devout believer in YHWH Obadiah has informed Elijah in 1 Kings 18 that he has hidden 100 prophets in caves: KJV 1Ki 18:13  Was it not told my lord what I did when Jezebel slew the prophets of ...
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What is the significance of Adonijah sacrificing calves in 1 Kings 1?

In the old testament it is obvious that there are multiple references to sacrificing calves. From my understanding this was generally performed by the high priests to take away the sins of the people. ...
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What was the volume of Solomon's sea?

In Asimov's Guide to the Bible, one of Dr. Asimov's criticisms focused on a description in the Bible concerning Solomon’s sea, where he claimed that 1 Kings 7:23-25 misrepresented Pi as 3. In his book,...
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Did Nathan and Bathsheba fabricate an oath regarding Solomon?

In 1 Kings 1:11-14, Nathan and Bathsheba formulate a plan to have David make Solomon his successor as king rather than Adonijah, a plan which includes an oath: Then Nathan asked Bathsheba, Solomon’...
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How can we reconcile 1 Kings 19:20 & Luke 9:61 [duplicate]

(KJV)1 Kings 19:20-21 And he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow thee. And he said unto him, Go back again: for ...
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Is Ezekiel 28:22-24 an allusion to 1 kings 16:29-31?

(KJV)Ezekiel 28:22-24 And say, Thus saith the Lord God ; Behold, I am against thee, O Zidon; and I will be glorified in the midst of thee: and they shall know that I am the Lord , when I shall have ...