Linked Questions

45
votes
6answers
9k views

What language did Jesus commonly speak?

According to Mark 15:34 (ESV): And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Jesus spoke Aramaic in ...
17
votes
8answers
13k views

What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority?

The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the relationship among the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (known as the synoptic gospels because they have so much material in ...
35
votes
4answers
3k views

Did John know about the Synoptics?

What evidence is there that John was aware of the Synoptics when he wrote the Fourth Gospel?
18
votes
5answers
8k views

What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority?

Closely Related: - What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority? - What are the arguments against Marcan Priority? The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the ...
16
votes
5answers
5k views

Did Luke use Josephus as a source?

Richard Carrier summarizes an argument made by Steve Mason in his book Josephus and the New Testament that Luke knew of Josephus' Jewish War (79 CE) and Jewish Antiquities (94 CE). At it's core, the ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the evidence for the existence of the Q document?

According to most scholars, Mark was the first of the four gospels to be written. Matthew and Luke then relied upon Mark and a second written source called Q. What is the evidence for the existence of ...
7
votes
2answers
980 views

What are the arguments against Marcan Priority?

Closely Related: - What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority? - What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority? What are the objections against Marcan Priority? Wikipedia, Marcan ...
9
votes
2answers
605 views

Can we date Mark without first committing to an interpretation of the Olivet Discourse?

Most scholars believe Mark is the earliest biography of Jesus. (Paul's writings and perhaps one or two other New Testament letters are earlier, but they include very little biographical material ...
2
votes
5answers
224 views

Is John 21:24 contradicting Luke 1:3?

At the beginning of his gospel, Luke states that (1:3): 3 With this in mind, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I too decided to write an orderly account for you....
3
votes
2answers
148 views

Which Mary is which?

Inspired by this question: I thought a question directly focused on Mary-disambiguation would be helpful. There are lots of Mary's in the New Testament. Here's a sampling: In the end of the sabbath, ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Existing beliefs or contents of the text more formative in hermeneutics?

This answer states: In general: philosophy informs one's reading of a text, not the other way around. This statement in itself is an answer to one of the biggest issues of hermeneutics: the way ...