Linked Questions

50 votes
6 answers
12k views

What language did Jesus commonly speak?

According to Mark 15:34 (ESV): And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Jesus spoke Aramaic in ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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22 votes
6 answers
12k views

What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority?

Closely Related: - What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority? - What are the arguments against Marcan Priority? The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the ...
Bruce Alderman's user avatar
25 votes
6 answers
11k views

Why does Matthew double people?

Matthew seems to mention two people (or animals) where other Gospels mention just one, e.g. two demon possessed men, in Matthew 8:28-34 (compare Mark 5:1-17 and Luke 8:26-39) two blind men, in ...
Reinstate Monica - Goodbye SE's user avatar
17 votes
3 answers
5k views

How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
Onorio Catenacci's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
user2754486's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
3k views

How did Matthew and Luke get different prices for sparrows?

I got the idea for this question from: Have any biblical scholars investigated the question of why Luke was getting a better price on his sparrows than Matthew?—@browserdotsys on Twitter The tweet ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the arguments against Marcan Priority?

Closely Related: - What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority? - What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority? What are the objections against Marcan Priority? Wikipedia, Marcan ...
elika kohen's user avatar
  • 5,379
3 votes
6 answers
4k views

What evidence suggests that Greek was not Mark's first language?

I've noted that Jesus probably spoke little Greek and did not have formal training. Similarly, Peter and John were likely not trained in Greek (see Acts 4:13). Bart Ehrman points out: [The four ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
  • 30.8k
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

Does the "lost leaf" theory for Mark's abrupt ending fail if written on a scroll?

I really like this explanation of Mark's rather abrupt ending: There are three possible explanations for Mark ending at 16:8: (1) The author intentionally ended the Gospel here in an open-ended ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
  • 30.8k
13 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the evidence for the existence of the Q document?

According to most scholars, Mark was the first of the four gospels to be written. Matthew and Luke then relied upon Mark and a second written source called Q. What is the evidence for the existence of ...
Bruce Alderman's user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
6k views

What does Matthew 18:8-9 say about eternity?

Matthew 18:8-9 (NIV): 8If your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life maimed or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and be ...
Flimzy's user avatar
  • 465
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

When was the Gospel of Mark written?

We have a variety of questions on the provenance of the Gospel of Mark, such as: Can we date Mark without first committing to an interpretation of the Olivet Discourse? Who was the author of Mark? ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
1k views

Can we date Mark without first committing to an interpretation of the Olivet Discourse?

Most scholars believe Mark is the earliest biography of Jesus. (Paul's writings and perhaps one or two other New Testament letters are earlier, but they include very little biographical material ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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10 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why does Mark mention Elijah before Moses?

In the transfiguration narrative in Matthew and Luke, the narrators mention Moses first and then Elijah second: Matthew 17:3 (NIV empahsis mine) Just then there appeared before them Moses and ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
  • 37.1k
3 votes
5 answers
534 views

Is John 21:24 contradicting Luke 1:3?

At the beginning of his gospel, Luke states that (1:3): 3 With this in mind, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I too decided to write an orderly account for you....
RaeRae's user avatar
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