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The Book of Genesis describes a time when there was an increasing wickedness on the face of the earth that provoked God to destroy them with the floods save for Noah and his family. I suspected it could be referring to fallen angels but then why would angelic sin cause God to destroy the world with the floods? After all the verse says that it is human wickedness that caused God to bring the floods.

Genesis 6:11-13

Now the earth was corrupt in God's sight, and the earth was filled with violence. And God saw the earth, and behold, it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth. And God said to Noah, “I have determined to make an end of all flesh, for the earth is filled with violence through them. Behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

Notice the verse above, it talks about the corruption of all flesh which means it was human rebellion and the angels has nothing to do with it.

But then when we look at the Book of Job , the phrase sons of God has been used to refer to a group of angels who went to present themselves to God and Satan went with them.

Job 1:6-10

Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them. The LORD said to Satan, “From where have you come?” Satan answered the LORD and said, “From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking up and down on it.” And the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil?”

Does the Sons of God refer to the lineage of Seth or does it refer to angels?

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  • "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God" (Rom 8:14). So depending on the contexts, it could be angels or humans. As for Gen 6:11, I have given an answer. Commented Mar 31 at 16:35
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    Does this answer your question? Who were the "sons of God" (bene elohim) in Genesis 6:2? Commented Mar 31 at 17:43
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    Please check your title against what you claim is in the cited verse. It isn't! Commented Mar 31 at 18:02
  • @DongLi, This question is quite confusing because Gen 6:11 does not mention the phrase sons of God at all. Is your question actually "Does Genesis 6:12 prove that Genesis 6:2 cannot be referring to Angels as Sons of God?"
    – Austin
    Commented Apr 2 at 0:37
  • @Austin, I am about to edit and change the title
    – Dong Li
    Commented Apr 2 at 3:52

2 Answers 2

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Answer

The sons of God in Genesis 6:2 refers to the lineage of Seth.

Explanation

Genesis 6th chapter is a continuation of the 4th chapter. Chapter 5 is just an inset in between. The story continues from chapter 4 into chapter 6.

The last verse in chapter 4 says:

“And a son was also born to Seth, and he called his name, Enos. Then it was begun to call on the name of Yahweh.”

There is a marginal reading here that says:

“Then began men to call themselves by the name Yahweh” (various commentaries).

And how did they call themselves?

“Sons of God”.

This is similar to “people of God”, “prophets of God”, “saints of God”, “the Church of God” etc.

This was the very first group of people who followed the true God in history under the leadership of Seth. But soon, as usual, they faltered when they married beautiful women from the unbelievers’ camp (Gen 6:2).

It is then God said:

“My Spirit shall not always strive with man” (verse 3).

Conclusion

So the “sons of God” in Genesis 6:2 are not angels.

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  • What about the book of Job and its references about the sons of God? It seems as if this presentation event occurs in heaven
    – Dong Li
    Commented Mar 31 at 18:06
  • Yes, the sons of God mentioned in Job are angels and the incident occurred in heaven. Commented Apr 1 at 16:32
  • So then the same applies to Genesis? Do you believe in the books of Nephilim, Jacob and Moses?
    – Dong Li
    Commented Apr 1 at 17:50
  • No, the context in Genesis shows the lineage of Seth. I believe in the Scripture. I don't know much about the books of Nephilim and Jacob. Commented Apr 2 at 14:59
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The promised land was full of tribes that descended from the Nephilim. The word Nephilim has roots in the Hebrew word Naphal which means fall which implies fallen beings. These tribes such as the Amorites whose height God equals to the height of the cedar trees, were giants and men of this stature weren't around in the previous generations since Adam.

Amos 2:9

Yet it was I who destroyed the Amorite before them, whose height was like the height of the cedars

Some of the Philistines were giants like Goliath, this gene of giants did not exist until a group of angelic hosts called the watchers decided to intermarry with the daughters of men.

Remember the phrase angel of the lord and son of God has been used interchangeably numerous times in the Bible and the phrase used in Genesis 6 to describe these angels is sons of God with the only difference being the later is plural for the earlier.

Conclusion

It refers to fallen angels due to the root Hebrew word for Nephilim which is Naphal and means fall which gives us an idea that these beings are fallen angels and also that these giants were not seen in an earlier generation until after these angels intermarried with human daughters.

God orders the Israelites to destroy all these tribes with the giants to remove their name from the face of the earth like Amalek.

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