Jesus (Joshua) son of Nun, kills the king of Jerusalem, hangs him on a tree, takes him down before sunset, throws the body in a cave, and rolls heavy rocks in front of the cave. These are all NT themes related to Jesus of Nazareth (gospel Jesus)'s death.

Other themes from Jesus (Joshua) 10 include:
putting enemies under his feet (Hebrews, synoptics, Paul), Psalm 110:1
Adonizedek =? Melchizedek (Hebrews), Psalm 110:4 
Jesus sorta controls nature, stopping sun and moon, though he does it through God. 
  • Welcome to BHSE. I was interested by your question and have been wondering if it could be adapted to fit this site. I hope you will persevere with us and do read the Tour to see guide lines on how this site works.
    – C. Stroud
    Commented Jan 8 at 13:22

1 Answer 1


There are thousands of parallels between OT history and the life of Jesus. Indeed, many have suggested that Jesus' relived the OT history in many respects.

OT History Jesus’ Life
The progeny of Abraham that created the nation of Israel was made possible by miraculous births of Isaac & Jacob (=Israel) Jesus’ earthly life became possible by the miraculous birth facilitated by the Holy Spirit
Israel is called God’s first-born son, Ex 4:22 Jesus is Mary’s first-born son, Matt 1:25
Jacob’s family left Canaan for Egypt to escape death by famine Jesus’ family left Canaan for Egypt to escape death decree by Herod
Israel called out of Israel to become God’s people Jesus; family called out of Egypt to become God’s chosen Messiah
Israel passes through the Red Sea equivalent to a “baptism” 1 Cor 10:2 Jesus baptized at the beginning of His ministry
After passing through the Red Sea, Israel follows the cloud into the desert After His baptism, Jesus is led by the Spirit into the desert, Matt 4:1
Israel roamed for 40 years in the desert Jesus spent 40 days fasting in the desert
When in the desert, Israel becomes hungry Jesus fasted in the desert and was hungry
Israel healed and saved by faith when they looked at the uplifted bronze serpent Jesus is the uplifted bronze serpent that saves by faith, John 3:14, 15
Israel fed by “bread from heaven” Jesus is the bread from heaven, John 6
Israel saved by the water from the rock Jesus is the rock, 1 Cor 10:3, 4 and is the water of life, John 4:10-14, 7:37-39
Moses climbed the mountain to get the law of God Jesus delivered his sermon of the mount (Matt 5-7) expanding the law
The whole ceremonial system represented Jesus as typified by the sacrificial lamb Jesus is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world, John 1:29
The Israelites were led by a divine light, the pillar of fire Jesus is the light of the world, John 8:12, 9:4, 5
Israel began its national history with 12 tribes Jesus began His kingdom with 12 chosen disciples
God used many miracles to establish the Israelite faith Jesus used many miracles to establish the faith of disciples and Christians
King David captured Jerusalem and it became, “The City of David”. Jesus “captured” Jerusalem at His triumphal entry as king is Israel, John 12:12-15.
God establishes a covenant with Israel in Ex 19-23 Jesus established (or re-established) the (new) covenant
Israel was taken captive from the promised land and Jerusalem for their sins Jesus was taken captive in Jerusalem for the sins of the world and taken outside the city to be crucified
The Jews were miraculously preserved and returned to Jerusalem after the Babylonian captivity Jesus was miraculously resurrected from the dead and returned to Jerusalem to meet the disciples

Even individual OT Characters often modeled parts of Jesus' life. Here is another sample:


  • both are rejected by their own people
  • both became servants
  • both are betrayed for silver
  • both are falsely accused and face false witnesses
  • both attain stations at the "right hand" of the respective thrones (Joseph at Pharaoh's throne and Christ at the throne of God)
  • Joseph was 30 years old when he stood before Pharaoh, and Jesus was about the same age according to the bible when he began his ministry
  • Both became a Saviour to their people by going to Egypt; Joseph as a lad of 17 and Jesus as a baby (Matt 2:15)

Miraculous Births

Jesus’ miraculous birth was typified several times in the OT.

  • Isaac came miraculously from Abraham and Sarah (Gen 18:10-14) and both are called "monogenes", Heb 11:17 and John 3:16
  • Samson miraculously came from Monoa and his wife, Judges 13:2, 3 - the miraculously born Samson was Israel's deliverer
  • Samuel was miraculously born to Hannah, 1 Sam 1:20. Samuel became the prophet and judge of Israel just as Jesus was
  • Rachel only gave birth to Joseph after Jacob prayed. Joseph became the deliverer of Israel
  • The woman in Elisha's time (2 Kings 4:14-17) miraculous gave birth. The child died and was miraculously resurrected.
  • In Luke 1 we read the story of the miraculous birth of John the Baptist who became the greatest prophet

The above is part of a broader pattern of the types of Jesus in the OT such as:

  • Jesus was the second Adam, Rom 5:12-18, but succeeded where Adam failed
  • Jesus was the second Joshua (Jesus is the Greek form of the Hebrew Joshua) to enable Him to lead people to the heavenly promised land
  • Jesus is the “Son of David” and the true king of Israel, Luke 1:23, 35, John 1:49
  • Jesus is the true High Priest of (spiritual) Israel, Heb 4:16, 7:25, 10:22
  • Jesus is the Lamb of God, John 1:29
  • Jesus was the first-born (ie, most important) from the dead, Col 1:18, 1 Cor 15:12-20, Rev 1:5
  • Jesus is the Firstborn (Luke 2:7, Rom 8:29, Col 1:15, Heb 1:6, 12:23) replacing Israel (Ex 4:22)

In brief, Jesus is the beginning, middle and end point of the entire Bible and its entire reason for existence.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.