It seems weird that such (relatively) small land can host so many civilizations.
Don't forget the other dimension, time.
Much of this history happened over hundreds or even thousands of years.
Civilizations grew, conquered, flourished, declined, and were conquered.
As fast as one declined, others grew to fill the void.
The Bible is a record of only one of those peoples, the descendants of Jacob (“the story of one man's family”).
A good example of this appears in the current issue of
“Let the Stones Speak”
Its cover story is a 14 page report on archaeological evidence of the Hittites, which at one time occupied much of the Middle East:
The identity of the Hittites perplexed historians and archaeologists for centuries.
Until relatively recently, many considered the Hittites to be a fictitious people mentioned only in the Bible.
Some even used the Hittite question as evidence of the Bible’s fallibility.
[… 12 page article …]
The Hittites are a fascinating case study not only into the machinations of an ancient empire and its people but also the progress of scholarly research over the past two centuries—from initial doubt and ridicule to the eventual realization of remarkable discoveries fitting with the very scriptures so derided as fable.
(For further investigation, read our accompanying article
“Are Biblical Hittites in Canaan Anachronistic?”.
It examines the question of how well archaeological discoveries parallel the biblical account of Hittites specifically in the territory of Canaan.)
Now we have undeniable proof of the existence of this once-great empire.
Again, in the words of Dr. Melvin Kyle: “[N]o one is saying now that ‘no such people as the Hittites ever existed.’”
— Finding the Hittites
By Christopher Eames and George Haddad