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There are a number of religious groups here that say Isaiah 43:5 and 46:11 refer to the Philippines and a "filipino preacher". There are assumptions that mizrach and James Moffat's translation of "far east" geographically refer to the Philippines and that the "ravenous bird" is a "filipino preacher" rather than Cyrus of Persia.

I need your responses to these claims. Please also provide references if possible, and what the Hebrew grammatically says.

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    "There are a number of religious groups" — It would be helpful if they weren't presented so vaguely. It would be good to provide their names and to have explicit quotations and citations. Aug 23, 2023 at 15:39
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    Welcome to Biblical Hermeneutics! I also recommend going through the Help Center's sections on both asking and answering questions.
    – agarza
    Aug 23, 2023 at 16:19
  • @NathanielOlaer. Ate you referring to the Iglesia Ni Cristo/Church of Christ? Aug 23, 2023 at 22:09
  • Yes, and sorry there are much of them. The Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) and the Members of the Church of God International (MCGI) are the most known examples of these groups. Aug 29, 2023 at 11:46

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The first verse mentioned in the OP headline is this:

Fear not, for I am with you; from the east I will bring back your offspring, from the west I will gather you. (43:5)

Cyrus is mentioned specifically in the next chapter as God's instrument to liberate Judah from Babylonian oppression:

I say of Cyrus, My shepherd! He carries out my every wish, Saying of Jerusalem, “Let it be rebuilt,” and of the temple, “Lay its foundations.” (44:28)

Then, in chapter 46, as mentioned in the OP, the prophet predicts that the gods of Babylon will bow, because

I summon from the east a bird of prey, from a distant land, one to carry out my plan. Yes, I have spoken, I will accomplish it; I have planned it, and I will do it. (46:11)

How can we know this refers to Cyrus? The submission of the gods of Babylon to him is one clue. But if we back up to chapter 41 we find still another reference to a military leader from the east who will liberate God's people.

Keep silence before me, O coastlands; let the nations renew their strength. Let them draw near and speak; let us come together for judgment. 2 Who has stirred up from the East the champion of justice, and summoned him to be his attendant? To him he delivers nations and subdues kings; (41:1-2)

If these chapters are read together, it's clear that Cyrus (who is named in chapter 44) is the same person - God's champion from the east - who liberates God's people in chapters 41, 43 and 46.

The Philippines?

However, this does not prevent people from understanding the prophecy to refer to the current era. A similar principle applies to Isaiah 7-8, where the prophecy of Immanuel was fulfilled in Isaiah's day, but is later understood by Matthew's Gospel to apply to Jesus. Similarly, the author of Revelation may have been thinking of Nero Caesar as the anti-Christ, but almost every generation has come up with their own candidate.

Of course it is highly unlikely for people who live elsewhere to think that Isaiah refers to the Philippines. But in principle, a scripture that applies to an ancient time is sometimes sincerely believed to apply to the present era as well.

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