Because of the appalling arguments that arise with some regarding this topic, this answer will be kept very simple so that a basic, but profoundly important point will be established, followed by a simple point that should settle the debate.
The starting point for the answer comes from scriptures (more than just one or two) that repeat the simple fact that God raised Jesus from the dead. In the first verse, 'the Lord' is Jesus Christ:
"Now the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord
for the body. And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also
raise us up by his own power" 1 Corinthians 6:13 & 14 A.V.
Ephesians 1:20 has already been quoted by the OP, confirming that God resurrected Christ. And there are seven verses in the book of Acts alone that also say God resurrected Christ. Those give examples a'plenty that the basic point is that God resurrected Christ. It's pleasing to see that nobody involved with this question disagrees with that fact.
Now, another fact that must not be shunted to the side is that the way Christ was raised will be the same experience of all believers who have "died in Christ".
"Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ
were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by
baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by
the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of
life. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his
death, we shall be also [in the likeness of his] resurrection." Romans
"Knowing that he which raised up the Lord Jesus shall raise us up also
by Jesus, and shall present us with you." 2 Corinthians 4:14 A.V.
Oh! Spot that intriguing little phrase, "shall raise us up also by Jesus"? That makes sense given what Jesus told his disciples before his crucifixion, that it was the will of his Father that he, the Son, should raise up all who believe on him - "and I will raise him up at the last day" (John 6:39-40). This makes the simple point that should settle the debate - when we are resurrected, we will know who is raising us from the dead, for we will experience it just as Christ experienced it. We will hear the voice of command to arise. And with the power of God, in the Holy Spirit, we shall be raised with glorified resurrection bodies. As in the earthly creation the Holy Spirit was active, so in the new creation, the Holy Spirit will be active, and we will then know that.
Until then, we can only know by faith the promises of God in that matter. We will arise. But until that actually happens to us, the wonder of how it will all come to be must remain - of necessity, for the scriptures do not go into such details. Our resurrection will follow in the manner of Christ's resurrection and when it happens to us, then we will know. The scriptures speak of God, and Christ, and the Holy Spirit all being involved, somehow, in the resurrection of Christ. We cannot say how. We wonder how. But who would think they had to have the theology all thrashed out to their complete satisfaction so that they could argue against others who had a different understanding? Where is the Spirit of Christ in that? Enigmatically, the scripture tells believers that the Spirit of God IS the Spirit of Christ, AND will raise us:
"But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the
Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of
Christ, he is none of his. And if Christ be in you, the body is dead
because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. But
if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you,
he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal
bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you." Romans 8:9-11 A.V.