Hosea 4:11 reads (NKJV, emphasis added):
“Harlotry, wine, and new wine enslave the heart.
What's the difference between "wine" and "new wine"? Is it that "wine" is alcoholic while "new wine" is not, or is there a different distinction?
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New wine is Strong's Heb. 8492, tirosh. (1) It means the must,or freshly pressed grape juice. It is not yet fermented.
Wine is Strong's Heb. 3196, yayin. (2) It is the fermented grape juice. It is the cause of intoxication which taken in excess leads to loss of control.
The sense of Hosea 4:11 is the connection between whordom and intoxication. It is a condition of compounding sins. Taken together it is the darkening of the heart and the senses which leads to lack of judgment, perverting the will, debasing actions.
Both of them together takes away understanding, and compounds the sins. The fresh wine adds the sense of newly committed sins.
Excerpt from Barnes' Notes on Hos. 4:11:
"Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart - (Literally, "takes away"). Wine and fleshly sin are pictured as blended in one, to deprive man of his affections and reason and understanding, and to leave him brutish and irrational." Source: here
According to Rashi, wine refers to [old] wine. NIV translation include this understanding
10 “They will eat but not have enough; they will engage in prostitution but not flourish, because they have deserted the Lord to give themselves
11 to prostitution; old wine and new wine take away their understanding.
A reference may help to understand why mentioned 'old wine' then 'new wine'.
and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.” (John 2:10 NIV)
Old wine was the best wine, when it was gone, then the new wine was served, as by then the people were so drunk that they lost their consciousness, couldn't tell what was good. Hosea 4:11 mentioned old wine and new wine implied that the Israelite drank heavily.