Proverbs 13:15 (New American Standard Bible 1995) 15 Good understanding produces favor, But the way of the treacherous is hard.
Proverbs 13:15 (New King James Version) 15 Good understanding [a]gains favor, But the way of the unfaithful is hard.
Proverbs 13:15 (English Standard Version) 15 Good sense wins favor, but the way of the treacherous is their ruin.
Proverbs 13:15 (King James Version) 15 Good understanding giveth favour: but the way of transgressors is hard.
13:15 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex שֵֽׂכֶל־טֹ֭וב יִתֶּן־חֵ֑ן וְדֶ֖רֶךְ בֹּגְדִ֣ים אֵיתָֽן׃
Forgive me if I'm wrong because I might be overthinking and/or overanalyzing. As I quickly reviewed some of the commentaries in https://biblehub.com/commentaries/proverbs/13-15.htm , they do Not seem all that convincing.
Here are some excerpts from said commentaries:
Benson Commentary "Proverbs 13:15. Good understanding — Discovering itself by a man’s holy and righteous practices; giveth favour — Maketh a man acceptable both to God and men; but the way of transgressors — Their conduct, or manner of conversation — is hard; Hebrew, איתן, rough, as this very word is rendered Deuteronomy 21:4; it is offensive to God and men, as rough ways are to travellers; fierce, intractable, and incorrigible. "
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Good understanding giveth favour,.... A good understanding in things natural and civil gives favour among men; and so a good understanding in divine and spiritual things gives a man favour among religious people, makes him taken notice of by them, and acceptable to them: and such an understanding no man has, unless it be given him; and such appear to have one that do the commandments of God, Psalm 111:10.
Pulpit Commentary Verse 15. - Good understanding giveth favour (Proverbs 3:4); makes one acceptable to God and man. We are told of Christ that "he increased in wisdom and in stature, and in favour with God and man" (Luke 2:52). As a good and wise man uses his gifts and graces properly, he wins higher favour from God, and kindles the love and respect of his fellow men. Alter this clause the Septuagint introduces that which occurs also in Proverbs 9:10, "It belongs to a good understanding (διανοίας) to know the Law." The way of transgressors is hard; rough and rugged, leading to desolation, not to waters of comfort.
One way of comprehending the phrase "Good understanding produces favor" is like viewing a coworker who quickly understands concepts when you explain work-related topics to him. You will see the coworker in a favorable manner because she/he quickly understands the work-related topics that you explained. However, there could be a treacherous person who is quite intelligent, and quite good at understanding.
Another perspective is to interpret "Good understanding produces favor" as viewing it as someone who has empathy/sympathy for another person, and less to do with intellectual knowledge. The recipient of the empathy/sympathy will view the person showing empathy/sympathy in a favorable manner.
In any case, I do Not want to steer anyone into answering this question to align with my views. Therefore, could someone please provide a deeper contextual meaning of Proverbs 13:15 's use of the phrase "Good understanding/sense " and terms "treacherous/unfaithful " ?