It absolutely is. First, this is the same book as the promise of "a prophet like Moses" (Deuteronomy). Second, in only two passages is the notion of "a prophet like Moses" mentioned (here, in 34:10-12, and in 18:15):
Deuteronomy 18:15 The Lord thy God will raise up from among you a prophet like unto me, from among thy brethren: him thou shalt hear.
Moverover, it explictly names the distinctives of Moses which make all other prophets not like him (making this — per the most fundamental laws of logic — the very formula of what it is to be like Moses):
Deuteronomy 34:10-12 And there arose no more a prophet in Israel like unto Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face, in all the signs and wonders, which the Lord sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to his whole land, and all the mighty hand, and great miracles, which Moses did before all Israel.
So it is very much a description of what it is to be like Moses, in that it is saying no one else has been like Moses because they haven't done this and that thing.
The preposition here to introduce the things no other prophet has done (ל) links "no other prophet has been like Moses" with what it is Moses did that they haven't. It is best translated "in" or "as to" as in the phrase, "no one has since been like Moses, in their signs and wonders..." Again, making this very much a formula, if not the formula, of what it means to be "like Moses" as the "prophet like Moses."
Needless to say, in history, the obvious prophet like Moses is Jesus Christ, as the Apostles taught.
Moses was an 'orphan child' from the mayim (water) adopted by a royal mother without being her proper son, much like the Virgin Mary, the daughter of King David, 'adopted' the Son of God who was from sh'mayim (heaven), and became His mother Who has no mother. Moses' life was sought by Pharoah as an infant, just as Herod sought the life of the infants who were suspected of being kings-to-be when Jesus was born. Moses gave a Covenant established in blood, and a Law for God's people from the mount; Jesus established a New Covenant in His blood, and gave the New Law on the mount. Moses spoke face to face with God unlike any other prophet; Jesus spoke only what He heard with His Father, being His very Son, not recieving revelation by dreams and visions, as other prohpets. Moses established the rule of Israel under 12 patriarchs and 70 elders as its primary authority structure. Jesus established the rule of the church under 12 Apostles and 70 elders. Moses began to save his people from Egypt when he saw their mistreatment and slavery under Pharoah, and so left his royal abode, and took their form to help them. Jesus, "who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God, but emptied himself, taking the form of a slave, being made in the likeness of men, and in habit found as a man. He humbled himself, becoming obedient unto death, even to the death of the cross" thereby saving them from the devil who enslaved them. Moses led the people out of Egypt and slavery to the Promised Land, and fed them with manna and flesh from the sky on the way; Jesus leads us from the empire of Satan to heaven, feeding us the Eucharist on the way, the "bread which came from heaven" which "is my flesh." On top of these of course Jesus is the most famous miracle worker in all of human history. And these things in common with Moses are perhaps only a scratching of the surface.
In other words, you would really have to be twisting things or going out of your way to be argumentative to not see that Jesus is the prophet like Moses, as again the New Testament affirms:
Acts 3:20-23 That when the times of refreshment shall come from the presence of the Lord, and he shall send him who hath been preached unto you, Jesus Christ, whom heaven indeed must receive, until the times of the restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of his holy prophets, from the beginning of the world. 22 For Moses said: A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me: him you shall hear according to all things whatsoever he shall speak to you. And it shall be, that every soul which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.