Luke 23:46 ASV

And Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said this, he gave up the ghost.

Jesus also said in John 6:56 ASV that,

As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father; so he that eateth me, he also shall live because of me.

Do these statements of Jesus indicate he believed his God was the source of his life?

Ecclesiastes 12:7 ASV says

and the dust returneth to the earth as it was, and the spirit returneth unto God who gave it.


2 Answers 2


The best insight for the meaning of the word παρατίθημι, translated "commend," is the Hebrew words it translates in the Septuagint (LXX). The root meaning of the word means to place beside. The Hebrew words mean to set, hand over, lay or set in [his] presence, leave behind, set towards. The picture is leaving something with someone to guard or take care of it while gone. Thus, "Father, I place my spirit in your hands" with the idea of safe keeping. Also, apparently Jesus quoted Psalm 31:5.

         Into your hand I commit [אַפְקִ֪יד] my spirit; 
  you have redeemed me, O LORD, faithful God. (ESV)

εἰς χεῖράς σου παραθήσομαι τὸ πνεῦμά μου, ἐλυτρώσω με, κύριε ὁ θεὸς τῆς ἀληθείας. (Psalm 30:6, LXX)

Figure 1. Hebrew words translates in the LXX. (generated with Logos Bible Software)

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  • Where did you get that graph? Commented Jan 5, 2022 at 13:49
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    Commented Jan 5, 2022 at 15:30

The first scripture the OP presented is in regard to Luke 33:46

Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit.

Jesus had been living under the law as man. He never knew sin and therefore never knew death. Knowing he was going to become a sin offering, and therefore death would ensue, he commits his spirit to the Father who will keep it safe, while he is dead for three days.

One hast to remember he has to go through the full process of living as a man under the law, fulfilling it and then actually die as a man.

This particular scripture does not show that God is his source of life, But only the Father would keep his spirit for safekeeping.

The second scripture the OP asked is; John 6:57

As the living Father sent Me and I live because of the Father, so also the one feeding on Me, he also will live because of Me.

( The one eating this bread will live to the age.”)

Jesus was living on total dependence on the life of the Father's Spirit while here on earth. The Father was his source of life and those who feed on Jesus, (believe in him) have that same life in them. They have the life from Father through Jesus who was given for life.

This verse does show that God is the source of life in Jesus here. He lived because of the Father.

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