Possibly. That depends largely on the quality of their labor. The phrase "will receive his wages according to his labor" will make sense to you if I insert more words between the words to and his. (Not that I'm adding words to holy writ, but those added words come from other passages that do use those words. In other words, they come from the hermeneutical principle of "the analogy of Scripture," according to which interpreters get a more complete interpretation of a passage by incorporating the teachings of other passages into their interpretation that deal with the same or similar subject.)
He who plants and he who waters are one, and each will receive his wages according to [the quality of] his labor.
The quality of the Christian's labors is what determines the extent to which the Lord rewards him or her. What determines the quality of that labor, whether it is planting, watering, or reaping is the laborer's attitude or motive. Put differently, the attitude or motive of the laborer is ultimately the basis for reward.
In a passage you quoted from 1 Corinthians 3, Paul also said the following:
11 For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12 If anyone builds on this foundation using gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay or straw, 13 their work will be shown for what it is, because the Day will bring it to light. It will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each person’s work. 14 If what has been built survives, the builder will receive a reward. 15 If it is burned up, the builder will suffer loss but yet will be saved—even though only as one escaping through the flames (my bolding).
Motives and attitudes are very important to God. In his judgment of believers he recognizes whether the work done by his planters, waterers, and reapers is top-quality work or not. Baser motives for those works could include such things as pride and the desire for recognition; the desire to have bragging rights; and a competitive spirit and a desire to outperform another believer, to name but three baser motives.
Will two planters, for example, receive different rewards? Yes. That is not, however, because some works or ministries are more important than other works or ministries. The most important criteria for God's judgment of believers at the bema are how good and how faithful their works were.
“. . . [the servant's] master replied, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master’s happiness!’" (Matthew 25:14 ff., my bolding).