The partial verse in question is this:
- James 2:26a: "For just as the body without the spirit is dead" (emphasis added).
It seems very noteworthy that both Christ and Stephen used the word "spirit" rather than "soul" at the point of death (Lk. 23:46, Acts 7:59). Late in the Gospel of Luke we read:
- Luke 23:46: "And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, 'Father, INTO YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT.' Having said this, He breathed His last" (cf. Psa. 31:5, emphasis added, caps in the original).
As well, from the Book of Acts:
- Acts 7:59: "[The Jews] went on stoning Stephen as he called on the Lord and said, 'Lord Jesus, receive my spirit!'"
Why do James, Christ, and Stephen all refer to the word "spirit" rather than "soul"? (It may be remembered that both Christ and Stephen were filled with the Holy Spirit, cf. Matt. 3:16, Acts 7:55).
[NOTE: This question has nothing to do with Christ (or Stephen) receiving their spirit as James (2:26 above) makes clear: if we are alive, we have a spirit.]