There seems to be a Jew vs Gentile theme running in the gospel of Luke.Most of the parables seem to pit the faith of Jews vs that of Gentiles/Samaritans/tax collectors

Luke 5:27-32

Levi the Tax Collector

Pharisees/Jews vs Tax collector

Luke 7:1-9

The faith of the Centurion

Jews vs Roman Centurion

Luke 10:30-36

The Parable of good Samaritan

Priest/Levite/jew vs Samaritan

Luke 11:36

The Queen of the south

Jews vs the queen

Luke 13:24-30

The Narrow Door

Jews vs many/foreigners

Luke 14:16-24

The Parable of Great Banquet

Jews vs poor/crippled

Luke 15:1-7

The Parable of the lost Sheep

Jews vs Tax collectors/sinners

Luke 17:11-18

Ten Lepers

Jews vs Samaritan

Luke 18:9-15

The Parable of the Pharisee

Jew vs Tax collector

Luke 19:1-9

Zacchaeus the Tax Collector

Jews vs Tax Collector/sinner

Could this theme be an interpretive framework for understanding this gospel?

  • Yes, it could be, but only if you prove it by developing it further, I would suggest. Up-voted +1, in the hope that you manage to do so.
    – Nigel J
    Commented Sep 21, 2021 at 9:40
  • @NigelJ,will try Commented Sep 21, 2021 at 10:48
  • +1 interesting theory
    – Robert
    Commented Sep 21, 2021 at 19:42

2 Answers 2


A case can be made for Luke's gospel focus on the Gentiles more than the other three gospels. E.g., when Jesus was 8 days ago, his parents brought him to the temple. Simeon prophesied over Jesus in Luke 2:

29 “Sovereign Lord, as You have promised,
You now dismiss Your servant in peace.
30 For my eyes have seen Your salvation,
31 which You have prepared in the sight of all people,
32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles,
and for glory to Your people Israel.”

The above is found only in Luke.


Luke 6:20-26

20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said:
*“Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.
21 “Blessed are you who are hungry now, for you shall be satisfied.
“Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.

22 “Blessed are you when people hate you and when they exclude you and revile you and spurn your name as evil, on account of the Son of Man!

23 Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven;
for so their fathers did to the prophets.*
24 “But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your consolation.
25 “Woe to you who are full now, for you shall be hungry.
“Woe to you who laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.
26 “Woe to you, when all people speak well of you,
for so their fathers did to the false prophets.

“Most of the parables seem to pit the faith of Jews vs that of Gentiles/Samaritans/tax collectors. Could this theme be an interpretive framework for understanding this gospel?”

I think so, except I don’t think this is necessarily about Jew vs. Gentiles/Samaritans/Tax collectors specifically but instead the criminally corrupt ruling class of the Jews against everyone else Jew or Gentile whom they economically defrauded or politically designated as outcasts but of whom Christ thought worthy to call brothers.
The disbelieving and predatory in-crowd are cast out of the kingdom of God, while the believing and dispised outsiders are invited in to inherit it.

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