See the matching with [A], [B], and [C].

“But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice [A] and the love of God [B]. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. 43 Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seat in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces. [C] (Luke 11:42–43, ESV)

   He has told you, O man, what is good; 
  and what does the LORD require of you   
              but to do justice [A], and to love kindness (חֶ֔סֶד), [B]
  and to walk humbly with your God? [C]
                             (Micah 6:8, ESV)

For meaning oh hesed (חֶ֔סֶד) see What does it mean when God says that he desires mercy and not sacrifice according Hosea 6:6

1 Answer 1


The OT contains a repeated pattern of the "required" behavior of God's people which can be summarized the following table:

Matt 23:23 Justice Mercy Faithfulness
Micah 6:8 Act justly Love mercy Walk humbly before God
Jer 7:3-6 Deal justly Do not oppress the alien, widow, etc Don’t follow other gods
Jer 9:24 Justice kindness Righteousness
James 1:26, 27 -- Care for orphans Unpolluted by world
Isa 58:3-14 Loose chains of injustice Share food & clothes Keep Sabbath
Zech 7:4-14 Administer true justice Show mercy and compassion, do not oppress widows, orphans, alien, and poor Listen to the Word of the Lord
Psalm 112 V5: Good will come to him…who conducts his affairs with justice V9: He has scattered abroad his gifts to the poor V1: Blessed is the man who fears the Lord

The passage in Luke 11:42, 43 is essentially parallel to Matt 23:23 which has a verbal parallel to Micah 6:8. Another passage might also be included here:

Hos 6:6 - For I desire mercy, not sacrifice, and the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.

Thus, while the verbal parallel of Matt 23:23 & Luke 11:42, 43 is primarily to Micah 6:8, the other passages above appeared to echoed in Jesus' meaning.


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