English Standard Version Acts 2:1-4:

1 When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3 And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Was this the time that the Holy Spirit started to dwell in these believers as in 1 Corinthians 3:16 (ESV):

Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?

  • This is an interesting comparison between Acts 2 & 1 Cor. 3, upvoted +1. My initial reaction is the answer would be no, but I feel like I should think about this one. Jun 11 at 16:01

Most denominations that don't believe in 2nd baptism will say that the Holy Spirit starts dwelling in a believer when they are "born again" and some denominations which believe that baptism is a means of grace (for example: Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Lutherans, etc.) will say that the "born again" event is simultaneous with baptism because this is when the "new life" is given. Paul would have this in mind when he wrote to the Corinthians.

But Acts 2 is special, since before Pentecost, only the disciples present when Jesus breathed the Holy Spirit to them (John 20:22) would have the Holy Spirit, not other believers.

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