Calvinist/Reformed Baptists often cite the the following verses associated with Jacob being selected as opposed to Esau as examples of supporting the Doctrine of Calvinism/Predestination(i.e. Unconditional Election, Limited Atonement, etc. ):
1 The [a]oracle of the word of the Lord to Israel through [b]Malachi. 2 “I have loved you,” says the Lord. But you say, “How have You loved us?” “Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” declares the Lord. “Yet I have loved Jacob; 3 but I have hated Esau, and I have made his mountains a desolation and appointed his inheritance for the jackals of the wilderness.” 4 Though Edom says, “We have been beaten down, but we will [c]return and build up the ruins”; thus says the Lord of hosts, “They may build, but I will tear down; and men will call them the [d]wicked territory, and the people [e]toward whom the Lord is indignant forever.” 5 Your eyes will see this and you will say, “The Lord [f]be magnified beyond the [g]border of Israel!”
6 But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel; 7 nor are they all children because they are Abraham’s [a]descendants, but: “[b]through Isaac your [c]descendants will be named.” 8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are children of God, but the children of the promise are regarded as [d]descendants. 9 For this is the word of promise: “At this time I will come, and Sarah shall have a son.” 10 And not only this, but there was Rebekah also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; 11 for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that God’s purpose according to His choice would [e]stand, not [f]because of works but [g]because of Him who calls, 12 it was said to her, “The older will serve the younger.” 13 Just as it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”
14 What shall we say then? There is no injustice with God, is there? May it never be! 15 For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.” 16 So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I raised you up, to demonstrate My power in you, and that My name might be proclaimed [h]throughout the whole earth.” 18 So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires.
4 Then Esau ran to meet him and embraced him, and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept. 5 He lifted his eyes and saw the women and the children, and said, “[a]Who are these with you?” So he said, “The children whom God has graciously given your servant.” ................................................. 8 And he said, “What do you mean by all this company which I have met?” And he said, “To find favor in the sight of my lord.” 9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother; let what you have be your own.” 10 Jacob said, “No, please, if now I have found favor in your sight, then take my present from my hand, [c]for I see your face as one sees the face of God, and you have received me favorably. 11 Please take my [d]gift which has been brought to you, because God has dealt graciously with me and because I have [e]plenty.” Thus he urged him and he took it.
However, in light of the Genesis 33:4-15 passage of scripture which describes reconciliation between Esau, who was rejected by God, and Jacob, who was selected by God, it does Not seem that the story of Jacob and Esau had anything to do with the Calvinist doctrine's idea that God predetermined that some people be saved, and condemning other to eternal damnation.
Therefore, when Malachi 1:2-3 and Romans 9:13 claim that God loved Jacob but God hated Esau, it might be:
alluding to the fact that God chose Jacob(Israel) to be the blessed nation whose most important progeny would be The Messiah, Jesus Christ, The Lord & Saviour.
and also alluding to the fact that Jacob(Israel)'s posterity would be a blessed nation whose people will be prosperous in numerous ways including spiritually, materially, etc.
................“Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” declares the Lord. “Yet I have loved Jacob; 3 but I have hated Esau.............
.Just as it is written, “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”
To conclude, the aforementioned passages of scripture has Nothing to do with Esau's salvation, but has more to do with literary devices of hyperbole, figure of speech, etc.
Is the aforementioned evaluation/assessment correct?