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Both,ἐνθύμησις as well as ἔννοια, can be translated as thought. So, I am wondering what is the semantic difference between the two and in how far do they differ from dialogismos / διαλογισμός OR logismos / λογισμός (Rom 2:15) OR dianoema / διανόημα (Lk 11:17) which are also used in the NT for this notion?

Also in how far is it important for the two to be separated through the work of the Logos?

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Here are the definitions from BDAG -

ἐνθύμησις - the process of considering something, thought, reflection, idea

ἔννοια - the content of mental processing, thought, knowledge, insight

Note the important "is" on the end of the first word meaning it is a process rather than a result. Thus, it appears that ἐνθύμησις is the process by which we arrive at ἔννοια.

Taken together, these almost form a hendiadys of all mental processes and ideas (Paul loved a good hendiadys!) that the Word of God exposes.

Other words such as dialogismos, διαλογισμός, logismos, λογισμός involve the way these internal ideas are expressed or verbalized/communicated to others. While that is the technically correct meaning, Greek writers were not always quite so precise in their usage.

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  • wow, great Dottard! Thank you very much. Can it be generally said about "is"-endings in ancient Greek that they refer to some kind of process? May 24 at 6:47
  • @JonathanRhein - generally that is true - there are some exceptuon. Another example is the difference between krisis and krima (judgement). But that is another question.
    – Dottard
    May 24 at 7:28

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