There are many articles on the web about the chronological problems of Jeremiah.
The first link is to a very long and detailed article, with a "Chronological Table of Jeremiah" at the very end that looks like it may be helpful.
The second article, posted in full, is another 'angle'.
The Chronology of Jeremiah (and the Lachish Letters)
David J. Gibson
THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK OF JEREMIAH October 8, 2013 J. Carl Laney
The structure of the book of Jeremiah has been a conundrum for
scholars through the centuries. In his commentary J. A. Thomson wrote,
“When we come to inquire whether any principles of arrangement can be
observed in the book of Jeremiah, we have to admit that any consistent
principles escape us” (J. A. Thompson, Jeremiah, pp. 30-31).
That is pretty much where I have left this discussion during more than
thirty years of teaching Jeremiah. Having given up any hope of seeing
an orderly, literary arrangement of the material, I chopped up the
materials of Jeremiah into sections and put them in chronological
order. I needed a chronological ordering of the material to see where
the messages and events fit into Jeremiah’s life.
Then I discovered an article written by S. Jonathan Murphy in
Bibliotheca Sacra (July-September, 2009, pp. 306-18). After surveying
the problems involved in trying to understand the structure of
Jeremiah, Murphy has provided us with a well reasoned proposal. Murphy
suggests that Jeremiah is a “carefully compiled anthology of the
prophet’s sermons and of incidents in his life” (p. 314).
According to Murphy, the individual units of Jeremiah were originally
addressed to the people to whom Jeremiah ministered at different
stages throughout his ministry. The final form of the work, compiled
after Jehoiachin’s release in 561 B.C., was a message to the exiles in
Babylon providing encouragement and hope through promises of
restoration. Since the judgments which Jeremiah announced had been
fulfilled, the exiles in Babylon could be confident that the
restoration would also come about.
Murphy believes that Jeremiah has been carefully constructed to a
recurring theological message of judgment and hope for God’s exiled
people (p. 315). Because they have broken the Mosaic Covenant, they
experienced judgment (Lev. 26, Deut. 28). But because of God’s
unconditional promise to Abraham (Gen. 12:2-3), God would deliver His
people from exile and rebuild them as a nation. So Jeremiah repeatedly
presents Yahweh’s judgment and promised hope, destruction and
restoration, and cursing and blessing.
The entry and exit points of the anthology, according to Murphy, are
chapters 1 and 52. These chapters serve as “bookends” to hold the work
together as an anthology. Chapter one verse 10 sets forth the agenda
of the book. Here we see “in seed form” the themes of judgment and
restoration which make up the rest of the book. The final chapter (52)
highlights these same themes by recounting two incidents. Chapter 52
tells of the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, emphasizing the
theme of judgment. But the book concludes with a message of hope.
Jehoiachin is released from prison, anticipating the future
restoration and return of the people of Judah.
Murphy offers the following outline of the final form of Jeremiah:
I. Introduction: The ministry and message of the prophet 1
II. Recurring declarations of judgment on Judah and Jerusalem 2-25
III. Recurring declarations of restoration for Judah and Jerusalem
IV. Realization of judgment on Judah and Jerusalem 36-45
V. Declarations of judgment against foreign nations 46-51
VI. Conclusion: The ministry and message of Jeremiah vindicated 52
He summarizes the message of Jeremiah in this way:
“The declared and realized judgment of Yahweh on His covenant people
Judah and the nations because of sin encourages the exiles to hope,
amid their misery, in the fulfillment of His promises of restoration”
Murphy has convinced me that the difficulties in understanding the
structure of the Book of Jeremiah can be significantly reduced by
respecting the text as it stands and not trying to de-construct, edit
or rearrange the material of the book. At last the structure of
Jeremiah is beginning to make sense to me! I have incorporated
Murphy’s outline into my lectures on Jeremiah.