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The book of Acts recounts the baptism of the Ethiopian eunuch following a revival in Samaria with Philip the evangelist.

Now an angel of the Lord said to Philip, “Go south to the road—the desert road—that goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza.” (Acts 8:26)

So, the encounter is located on a desert road between Jerusalem and Gaza. The narrative suggests that it happened somewhat further along the road than Jerusalem because Philip met a traveling chariot and ran with it before being invited up. Then their conversation included the Eunuch’s question and Philip’s explanation. It would not have been brief because the conversation began with Isaiah’s prophecy and ended with Jesus being the ‘Son of God.’ So, we can fairly assume a pool of water was found some miles along the desert road.

As they traveled along the road, they came to some water and the eunuch said, “Look, here is water. What can stand in the way of my being baptized?” And he gave orders to stop the chariot. Then both Philip and the eunuch went down into the water and Philip baptized him. When they came up out of the water … (Acts 8:36-39)

So, my question is, “Where might it have been?” Is there a good water spring or wadi between Jerusalem and Gaza?

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Pulpit cites Robinson:

"When we were at Tell-el-Hasy, and saw the water standing along the bottom of the adjacent wady, we could not but remark the coincidence of several circumstances with the account of the eunuch's baptism. This water is on the most direct road from Belt Jibrin (Eleutheroplis) to Gaza, on the most southern road from Jerusalem, and in the midst of a country now 'desert,' i.e. without villages or fixed habitations. There is no other similar water on this road" (Robinson,' Bibl. Res.,' vol. it. p. 345).

Matthew Poole suggests this:

A certain water; this water is supposed to be a fountain in a town called Bethsora, or a river called Eleutherus, which in that road must needs be passed over; it being otherwise very dry, and water very scarce there.

Another possibility is that it was a miracle. God showed Hagar and Ismael water in Genesis 21:

19Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the skin with water and gave the boy a drink.

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  • Might Robinson's "adjacent wady" be what is now called 'Lachish stream?' Evidently, it starts in the Hebron mountains. I doubt that it flows in summer though. I cannot find much information on it. – Christian Gedge Apr 26 at 22:31
  • Me neither, unfortuately. – Tony Chan Apr 27 at 13:38
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The region between Jerusalem and Gaza is dry but not a full desert where you need an oasis to find water. You needn't travel there. Just have a look on Google Earth and you will see several streams. You cannot identify this place.

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