Two groups of people are contrasted in this passage: one group is described in some detail and is generally referred to as they who are corrupt (v.1-6); the other group is comprised of the righteous and the poor and are referred to as God’s people (v.4-7).
We do not know how the first group behaves on the outside, but “in their heart,” they are corrupt.
v1 The fool has said in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, they have committed detestable acts; There is no one who does good.
v2 The LORD has looked down from heaven upon the sons of mankind
Though the words “the sons of mankind” may be a reference to all of mankind, the text here continues to build the case against the corrupt, suggesting that these words are still referencing the same group.
- That which has been born of the flesh is flesh, and that which has been born of the Spirit is spirit. —John 3:6
They are incapable of doing good because they no longer seek God or seek to understand his will.
v.2 The LORD has looked down …To see if there are any who understand,
Who seek God.
They are accused of doing detestable things (v.1). In order to benefit themselves, they take advantage of the poor and the righteous, the people of God.
v.4 Do all the workers of injustice not know,
Who devour my people as they eat bread
v.5 For God is with a righteous generation
v.6 You would put to shame the plan of the poor
Surely all mankind is sinful, but the group depicted here represents a more extreme state of moral deterioration. Those who sin may knowingly go against God's will, but the corrupt "do not call upon the Lord" (v.4). Thus they act without any consideration of what God wills. All can be contrasted against the Son of Man, who came to do only the will of God (Jn 6:38).