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Deuteronomy 18:11 or a charmer or a medium or a necromancer or one who inquires of the dead,

What is a charmer in Deuteronomy 18:11?

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The operative word here is H2266. chabar

Brown-Driver-Briggs

[חָבַר] verb unite (usually intransitive), be joined, tie a magic knot or spell, charm ...
1 unite, be joined ...
2 tie magic knots, charm

Deuteronomy 18:11 New International Version

or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead.

At https://biblehub.com/deuteronomy/18-11.htm, 13 versions use "charmer" or "charm"; 14 versions use "spells" or "spell".

Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

weaving spells, spell-binder; either of the tying of knots as malignant charms, common among Semites and other races

It was one of the occult practices forbidden by God.

1

The prophet הוֹשֵׁ֙עַ֙ Hoshea explained חֶבֶר "Chever" as a [Clever Band] of evildoers = "Gang" in Hoshea 6:9.

Hoshea הוֹשֵׁ֙עַ֙ | "Hosea" 6:9

And as a man gathers fish, so do bands; a [gang] of priests murder on the way in one group, for they devised a plot. ( וּכְחַכֵּ֨י אִ֜ישׁ גְּדוּדִ֗ים חֶבֶר כֹּ֣הֲנִ֔ים דֶּ֖רֶךְ יְרַצְּח֣וּ שֶׁ֑כְמָה כִּ֥י זִמָּ֖ה עָשֽׂוּ )

Hoshea's Clever "Gang" is the same type of "Charmer(s)" חבר referenced in Deuteronomy 18:11 where Moshe states :

Devarim | "Deuteronomy" 18:11

"Or a [Charmer], or one who consults ghosts or familiar spirits, or one who inquires of the dead." ( וְחֹבֵ֖ר חָ֑בֶר וְשֹׁאֵ֥ל אוֹב֙ וְיִדְּעֹנִ֔י וְדֹרֵ֖שׁ אֶל־הַמֵּתִֽים )

1

It might be useful to supplement the above answers which primarily use a linguistic approach with a legal approach. Maimonides in his great code, Laws of Idolatry, Chapter 11, defines from a legal perspective all the terms used in Deut. 18:11. Paragraph 10 defines the Chover:

A person who utters nonsense-syllabuls as a means of averting some bad consequence and holds a key or stone during the utterances.

Note: This can be defended linguistically since Chever means to unite and is used to denote sewing type activities; in this case the person weaves together a sequence of nonsense syllables which is suppose to have magical properties to save.

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