The Synoptic Problem explores the relationship among the three Synoptic Gospels: Matthew, Mark, and Luke. Lukan (or Lucan) Priority is the view that Luke was the first of these documents to be written.

Lukan Priority is usually (but not always) taken to mean that one or more of the other Synoptics was dependent upon Luke's Gospel.

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I thought it worthwhile to complete the set possibilities for which came first (there are literally thousands of smaller variations within those possibilities).

Although it is a minority view, some hold to Lukan Priority. Why?

What are the arguments in favor of Lukan Priority?

Related questions:

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

What evidence is there that Mark could have been dependent upon Luke?

  • It is hardly likely that Luke, not a chosen apostle, would presume to be so forward as to break the ground, as it were, before the apostles, themselves, had published. Peter, Matthew and Jude were the first, according to all the circumstancial evidence available. Peter, quite rightly, the absolute first, who was given the keys by Christ himself and who 'unlocked' the Greek scriptures. These things were not doubted until a latter generation of self-appointed 'scholars' appeared on the scene.
    – Nigel J
    Apr 16 at 8:30
  • As this summary shows, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synoptic_Gospels#The_synoptic_problem there has been no viable solution to the "synoptic problem" for 2000 years. However, I believe it simply shows that each was independently inspired by the Holy Spirit.
    – Dottard
    Apr 16 at 9:55
  • @NigelJ I personally believe in Matthean priority--my work here--you may particularly like segment 2 on the patristic testimony. I also remain curious about the thoughts of those who hold different views. Apr 17 at 1:09
  • @Dottard I don't find that source criticism & inspiration are necessarily mutually exclusive. Apr 17 at 1:11
  • @HoldToTheRod - I agree that the two do not conflict. However, the fact that so far herculean efforts have not resolved these to most people's satisfaction, strongly suggests that there is much more involved. Luke freely admitted he used other's sources but "adjusted" them as the Holy Spirit inspired him to.
    – Dottard
    Apr 17 at 3:44

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