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Truly I tell you, I will never again drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” Mark 14:25 NRSV.

What is the fruit of the vine?
What is meant by drinking it 'new'?
What is 'that day'?

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Isaiah 25 depicts a feast:

6 On this mountain the Lord Almighty will prepare
a feast of rich food for all peoples,
a banquet of aged wine
the best of meats and the finest of wines.
7On this mountain he will destroy
the shroud that enfolds all peoples,
the sheet that covers all nations;
8he will swallow up death forever.
The Sovereign Lord will wipe away the tears from all faces;
he will remove his people’s disgrace from all the earth.

Death is no more. It is a heavenly feast. A similar feast is described in Revelation 19:

6 Then I heard what seemed to be the voice of a great multitude, like the roar of many waters and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, crying out,

“Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reigns. 7 Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready; 8 it was granted her to clothe herself with fine linen, bright and pure”— for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints.

9 And the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.” And he said to me, “These are the true words of God.”

Luke 14:15 talks about the feast in the kingdom of God:

When one of those at the table with him heard this, he said to Jesus, "Blessed is the one who will eat at the feast in the kingdom of God."

Then Jesus proceeds to tell them the parable of the Great Banquet. This theme of a heavenly feast runs through the OT and the NT.

Mark 14:25

Truly I tell you, I will never again drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.

What is the fruit of the vine?

It is the physical/horizontal drink at the last supper which they have just drunk.

What is meant by drinking it 'new'?

The new drink is the heavenly/verticle counterpart of the horizontal fruit of the vine.

What is 'that day'?

I think it refers to the day of the heavenly banquet of the marriage supper of the Lamb.

Jesus knows that the fruit of the vine on that passover night is his last celebrative drink before he died. Jesus is binding himself by a divine promise/sacrifice not to drink the equivalent heavenly wine until the day when we celebrate in the marriage supper of the Lamb in the consummated kingdom of God.

The enemies of Paul bind themselves not to eat or drink in Acts 23:12 to show that they mean serious business:

The next morning some Jews formed a conspiracy and bound themselves with an oath not to eat or drink until they had killed Paul.

Jesus does not swear an oath but simply says "Amen, I tell you". Certainly, Jesus means it. It will happen.

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  • Wow, what a great answer. – snoopy Apr 13 at 19:23
  • Thanks. I enjoyed learning and writing it. Thanks for asking this excellent question. – Tony Chan Apr 13 at 19:28
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What did Jesus mean by saying 'drink of the fruit of the vine' and 'new in the Kingdom of God'?

What is the fruit of the vine?

Any red wine that is not sweetened, fortified, or spiced is appropriate for use as a symbol of Christ’s “precious blood.”1 Peter 1:19.

What is meant by drinking it 'new'?

Jesus informed the disciples that the wine he had drunk (at this Passover preceding the Lord's Supper) was the last of the product of the vine that he would drink “until that day when I drink it new with you in the kingdom of my Father.” (Matthew 26:29) Since he would not be drinking literal wine in heaven, he obviously had reference to what wine sometimes symbolized in the Scriptures, namely, joy. (Psalms 104:15, Ecc. 10:19). Being together in the Kingdom was what they looked forward to with the highest anticipation.( Rom. 8:23, 2 Cor. 5:2)

Romans 8:23 NASB

23 And not only that, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons and daughters, the redemption of our body.

2 Corinthians 5:2 NET

2 For in this earthly house[a] we groan because we desire to put on[b] our heavenly dwelling,

What is 'that day'?

“That day” is the day that true followers of Christ looked for when God will clean up the earth and bring to pass the doing of his will “as in heaven, also upon earth.” (Matthew. 6:10)

Matthew 6:10 NASB

10 Your kingdom come. Your will be done, On earth as it is in heave

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    Up-voted +1. Do you also see an allusion to the 'new wine in new bottles' and to the wine which, kept to last, was better than that which had preceded (at Cana). – Nigel J Apr 9 at 22:30
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    Nigel J; Tks appreciated. Jesus was helping the disciples of John the Baptist to appreciate that no one should expect his followers to conform to the old practices of Judaism, such as ritual fasting. He did not come to patch up and prolong old worn-out systems of worship that were ready to be discarded. Christianity would not be made to conform to the Judaism of the day with its traditions of men. No, it would not be as a new patch on an old garment or as new wine in an old wineskin. Matthew 9:14-17; Mark 2:18-22; Luke 5:33-39; John 3:27-29. – Ozzie Ozzie Apr 10 at 6:59
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The three questions are:

1. "Fruit of the Vine"

Fruit of the vine occurs in several places, such as Matt 26:29, Mark 14:25, Luke 22:18, Isa 32:12 and always refers to grapes and grape juice; by extension, wine more generally.

2. "Drinking it new"

At the last supper, Jesus took a kind of Nazarite vow - He promised not to drink and grape juice or any other product of the grapevine until He meets us in "the kingdom of God" which is also called, "My Father's kingdom" in Matt 26:29. Thus, Jesus would refrain from grape products until we all meet in on the "sea of glass" (Rev 15:2) following the resurrection of the righteous.

Thus, when we meet Jesus on "that day", Jesus will be able to drink from the fruit of the vine "anew" after refraining from it for so long.

3. "That day"

"That day" almost always, as here, refers to the "day of the Lord" and the judgement accompanying the return of Jesus at the second Advent, Luke 10:12, 17:31, Phil 1:10, Mark 13:32, 2 Tim 1:18, etc.

The important phrase, “Day of the Lord” (Acts 2:20, 1 Cor 3:13, 5:5, 2 Cor 1:14, 1 Thess 5:2, 4, 2 Thess 2:2, Heb 10:25, 2 Peter 3:10, 12) all remind us that final judgement and the Lord’s return will occur on the “Day of the Lord”. The wicked greatly fear the time of Jesus return: 1 Cor 3:13, 2 Thess 2:8, Rev 6:15-17, 11:18, see 1 Cor 4:5, 2 Cor 5:10, Acts 17:31, John 12:48, Ps 68:2. By contrast the righteous are elated: Isa 25:9. See also Isa 13:6, Jer 46:10, Eze 7:19, 30:3, Joel 1:15, 2:1, 11, 31, 3:14, Amos 5:20, Obad 1:15, Zech 1:7, 8, 14, 2:2, Zeph 1:18, 2:3, 14:1, Mal 4:5.

Prophecy

Note that many people (correctly) view the last supper as a memorial of Jesus death. However, this very passage also makes it clear that the communion service also reminds us of Jesus second coming on "that day".

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  • Dottard:The “glassy sea” is the same one that John saw earlier, positioned before the throne of God. (Rev 4:6) It is similar to “the molten sea” (water container) of Solomon’s temple, where the priests obtained water to cleanse themselves. (1 Kings 7:23) It is thus a fine representation of “the bath of water,” that is, God’s Word, by which Jesus cleanses the priestly congregation of anointed Christians. (Eph 5:25, 26; Heb 10:22) Question; Do the resurrected righteous as spirit creatures in heaven will literally drink wine? Hope you do not mind, we are here to share knowledge .... the truth. – Ozzie Ozzie Apr 10 at 6:47
  • @OzzieOzzie - I agree that the images you share are all very symbolic. The symbolic image in Rev 15, whatever else it represents (another question there!) presumably shows the assembled righteous before the throne of God who "who had been victorious over the beast and its image and over the number of its name. They held harps given them by God 3and sang the song of God’s servant Moses and of the Lamb" – Dottard Apr 10 at 6:52
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Could “new” refer to his body rather than to the occasion of drinking? Like the appearance of Daniel, who became more youthful looking when abstaining from meat and wine.

”At the end of the ten days they looked healthier and better nourished than any of the young men who ate the royal food. So the guard took away their choice food and the wine they were to drink and gave them vegetables instead”. (Dan 1:15,16; NIV)

Thus, maybe the meaning of the word is “renewed” rather than “new”. If so, a drunkard would look a lot more haggard than a moderate consumer.

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The fruit of the vine is wine, specifically, the wine passed around here:

Mark 14:23-25 (ESV),

23 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it. 24 And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. 25 Truly, I say to you, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”

The wine in the cup represented the blood of the Lord as a symbol for the New Covenant, which Jesus said, would be shed for many for the forgiveness of sins (Matthew 26:28).

This phrase, "the forgiveness of sins" takes us forward to Acts 2:38 (ESV):

38 And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

And rightly so, because this indicates to us what Jesus meant by saying "until...I drink it new in the kingdom of God".

This hearkens back to Mark 1:15 (ESV),

15 ...The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand...

In Luke 12:32, Jesus said it was His Father's good pleasure to give the disciples "the kingdom".

Later, in Romans 14:17, Paul indicates the following:

17 For the kingdom of God is...righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.

This is what it means for Jesus to drink the cup of wine anew in the kingdom of God: the Holy Spirit.

Jesus would experience the communion of the covenant not merely at a table with His disciples, but rather, from within the very hearts of His disciples, as they continued to regularly share the "cup of blessing" (1 Corinthians 10:16). See:

John 14:17 (ESV),

17 even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.

And John 14:23 (ESV),

23 Jesus answered him, “If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.

Finally, the phrase "that day" is somewhat of a mistranslation, in my opinion.

The Greek phrase is simply τῆς ἡμέρας (tēs hēmeras), or "the day".

In any case, what is the "day" to which Jesus refers? It goes back to the cup He passed to them and what He said the cup represented, namely, the new covenant (and the relationship between Matthew 26:28 and Acts 2:38, with Luke 24:47 thrown in there for further reference and clarification).

The new covenant of the Kingdom of God Jesus spoke of was inaugurated in Acts 2 on the Day of Pentecost. There, the promise of the Father (Luke 24:39 with Acts 1:4, and Acts 2:33), which is to say, the gift of the Holy Spirit, was given.

"That day" is then Pentecost. And we know from Acts 2:42 that from that day forward, the disciples and those added to the church, fellowshipped or communed with one another daily, and as part of that fellowship, they "broke bread" together, that is, they shared in the communal meal, including the elements of bread and wine, celebrating the death of the Messiah as a memorial, just as Jesus enjoined them to do, for all that He had done for them.

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