In short - NO! No worship of anything other than YHWH is allowed under any conditions.
- Ex 20:3 - You shall have no other gods before Me.
- Ex 34:14 - For you must not worship any other god, for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.
- Deut 6:13, 14 - Fear the LORD your God, serve Him only, and take your oaths in His name. Do not follow other gods, the gods of the peoples around you.
- Deut 9:19, 20 - If you ever forget the LORD your God and go after other gods to worship and bow down to them, I testify against you today that you will surely perish. Like the nations that the LORD has destroyed before you, so you will perish if you do not obey the LORD your God.
- Matt 4:10 - “Away from Me, Satan!” Jesus declared. “For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.’
- Acts 10:25, 26 - As Peter was about to enter, Cornelius met him and fell at his feet to worship him. But Peter helped him up. “Stand up,” he said, “I am only a man myself.”
So, what does Deut 4:19 imply? I believe it implies the same as Matt 5:45 -
He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on
the righteous and the unrighteous.
That is, the benefits of the entire environment, land and soil, air and water, sunshine and rain, the wonder of the stars and moon, etc, are benefits given to all people AND provided by God Himself. This was the fundamental mistake that many pagans made - they worshiped the creation rather than the creator!
Benson suggests this understanding:
Deuteronomy 4:19. Lest thou shouldest be driven — Strongly inclined;
to worship them. Which the Lord hath divided unto all nations — Which
are not gods, but creatures, made not for worship, but for the use of
men; yea, of the meanest and most barbarous people under heaven, and
therefore cannot, without great absurdity, be worshipped, especially
by you, who are so much advanced above other nations in wisdom and in
knowledge, and in this, that you are my peculiar people.
The Pulpit Commentary is even more pointed:
Which the Lord thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole
heaven, God had allotted (חָלַק) to all mankind the heavenly bodies
for their advantage (Genesis 1:14-18; Psalm 104:19; Jeremiah 31:35);
it was, therefore, not competent for any one nation to seek to
appropriate them as specially theirs, and it was absurd for any to
offer religious service to objects intended for the service of man.
Targum: Which the Lord thy God prepared for all peoples under heaven;
Vulgate: Quae creavit Dominus Deus tuus in ministerium cunctis
gentibus. This seems better than the interpretation that God had
"allotted them for worship, i.e. had permitted them [the nations] to
choose them as the objects of their worship" (Keil, etc.); for:
There is no distinction here between the Hebrews and the other nations of the earth; "all nations" includes them as well as the
Though God permitted the heathen to worship the heavenly bodies, he never allotted these to men in order that they might worship them. "It
noteth God's bounty in giving all people the use of those creatures,
and the base mind of man to worship such things as are given for
servants unto men" (Ainsworth). Deuteronomy 4:19