Were there only Jewish men, or women as well?

Were there children? If so, of what age?

42 As Paul and Barnabas were going out, the people repeatedly begged to have these things spoken to them the next Sabbath. 43 Now when the meeting of the synagogue had broken up, many of the Jews and the God-fearing proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas, who were speaking to them and urging them to continue in the grace of God. (Acts 13:42-43, NASB® 2020)

1 In Iconium they entered the synagogue of the Jews together, and spoke in such a way that a large number of people believed, both of Jews and of Greeks. 2 But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the minds of the Gentiles and embittered them against the brothers. (Acts 14:1-2, NASB® 2020)

1 Now when they had traveled through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. 2 And according to Paul's custom, he visited them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures, 3 explaining and giving evidence that the Christ had to suffer and rise from the dead, and saying, "This Jesus whom I am proclaiming to you is the Christ." 4 And some of them were persuaded and joined Paul and Silas, along with a large number of the God-fearing Greeks and a significant number of the leading women. (Acts 17:1-4, NASB® 2020)

Thank you.

  • Jesus asked questions in the temple at the age of twelve, so one assumes children were involved, but the temple is not the synagogue, exactly. Deuteronomy 31:12 'men women and children' but that is not, exactly the synagogue again, I suppose.
    – Nigel J
    Commented Mar 27, 2021 at 17:28

1 Answer 1


There was a woman in the synagogue in Luke 13:

10 On a Sabbath Jesus was teaching in one of the synagogues, 11and a woman was there who had been crippled by a spirit for eighteen years. She was bent over and could not straighten up at all.

There is a riddle in the Jerusalem Talmud, Berachot 9d:

In a town in which all the residents are priests, when they spread their hands [in the synagogue] and give the priestly blessing, who responds ‘Amen’?

The answer is

the women and children.

This implies that women and children did attend synagogue services as assumed by the Jerusalem Talmud.

  • Truly excellent and concise answer!! +1.
    – Dottard
    Commented Mar 27, 2021 at 21:39

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