2

In 1 Samuel 2:1-10 (NASB)

1 Then Hannah prayed and said,

“My heart rejoices in the Lord; My horn is exalted in the Lord,

My mouth speaks boldly against my enemies,

Because I rejoice in Your salvation.

2 There is no one holy like the Lord,

Indeed, there is no one besides You,

Nor is there any rock like our God.

3 Do not go on boasting so very proudly,

Do not let arrogance come out of your mouth;

For the Lord is a God of knowledge,

And with Him actions are weighed.

4 The bows of the mighty are broken to pieces,

But those who have stumbled strap on strength.

5 Those who were full hire themselves out for bread, But those who were hungry cease to be hungry.

Even the infertile woman gives birth to seven,

But she who has many children languishes.

6 The Lord puts to death and makes alive;

He brings down to Sheol and brings up.

7 The Lord makes poor and rich; He humbles, He also exalts.

8 He raises the poor from the dust,

He lifts the needy from the garbage heap

To seat them with nobles, And He gives them a seat of honor as an inheritance;

For the pillars of the earth are the Lord’s, And He set the world on them.

9 He watches over the feet of His godly ones, But the wicked ones are silenced in darkness; For not by might shall a person prevail.

10 Those who contend with the Lord will be terrified;

Against them He will thunder in the heavens,

The Lord will judge the ends of the earth;

And He will give strength to His king,

And will exalt the horn of His anointed.”

Then, in Luke 1:46-55 (NASB)

46 And Mary said:

“My soul exalts the Lord,

47 And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.

48 For He has had regard for the humble state of His bond-servant; For behold, from now on all generations will call me blessed.

49 For the Mighty One has done great things for me; And holy is His name.

50 And His mercy is to generation after generation Toward those who fear Him.

51 He has done mighty deeds with His arm;

He has scattered those who were proud in the thoughts of their hearts.

52 He has brought down rulers from their thrones,

And has exalted those who were humble.

53 He has filled the hungry with good things,

And sent the rich away empty-handed.

54 He has given help to His servant Israel,

In remembrance of His mercy,

55 Just as He spoke to our fathers,

To Abraham and his descendants forever.”

Was Mary inspired by Hannah?

3
  • 1
    Mary, no doubt, was familiar with Hannah's exultant hymn of praise and thanksgiving and no doubt was influenced by that and other expressions in the psalms. But I am not clear as to your wording 'Luke being inspired in 1 Samuel'. These are Mary's words being faithfully reported by Luke. Up-voted +1, nevertheless. – Nigel J Mar 22 at 20:45
  • 1
    @NigelJ thank you for pointing that out. That observation could be result of my profession as software engineer. Edited the question to make it more human – Tiago Martins Peres 李大仁 Mar 22 at 20:49
  • 1
    Of course Mary's song alludes to Hannah's - why would it not? This is not surprising. – Dottard Mar 22 at 21:44
2

Hannah and Mary had a lot in common. When the songs were written, Hannah had given birth to Samuel while Mary was carrying Jesus in her womb.

Both songs open similarly with rejoicing:

Hannah opens with "My heart rejoices in the Lord. In the Lord my horn is lifted high. My mouth speaks boldly against my enemies, Because I rejoice in Your salvation."

Mary opens with "My soul glorifies the Lord and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior."

The similarity between the two is remarkable.

Both saw themselves as lowly women that God lifted up. God's lifting up the humble people is a theme in both songs.

1 Samuel 2:7b-8

He humbles, He also exalts.
He raises the poor from the dust,
He lifts the needy from the garbage heap.

Luke 1:52-53

He has brought down rulers from their thrones,
And has exalted those who were humble.
He has filled the hungry with good things

Was Mary inspired by Hannah?

Definitely. Further, both were inspired by the Holy Spirit.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.