In Revelation 5:13, the whole creation praises both "Him who sits on the throne" and "the Lamb." The next verse continues: "And the elders fell down and worshiped" (Rev 5:14) but it does not say who they worshiped. Did they worship both the "Him who sits on the throne" and "the Lamb," as mentioned in the previous verse?
This article argues as follows that the elders worship only "Him who sits on the throne," namely, the Father:
Other instances of Divine Worship
In Revelation, in addition to 5:13-14, there are five other instances of divine worship by heavenly beings and, in all five, the Father alone is worshiped. In four of those instances, “God” is worshiped (Rev 7:11; 11:16; 15:3-4; 19:4) and this article shows that Revelation NEVER refers to Jesus as God but consistently maintains a distinction between “God” and Jesus Christ. For example:
“The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave Him” (Rev 1:1; cf. Rev
1:2, 9; 5:9; 7:10, 17; 12:5, 17; 14:4, 12; 20:4, 6; 21:22, 23; and
In the fifth instance, “Him who sits on the throne” is worshiped (Rev 4:10-11) and that title also always refers to the Father. For example:
“The Lamb” (Jesus) “came and took the book out of the right hand of
Him who sat on the throne” (Rev 5:6-7; cf. Rev 5:13; 12:5; 6:16;
In conclusion, in five instances of divine worship by heavenly beings, the Father alone is worshiped. The sixth instance, which is 5:14 and does not say who is worshiped, therefore, should also be understood as worship of the Father.
The Praise-Worship Pattern
In 5:13-14, both the Father and the Son are present and both are praised in 5:13. Then, in 5:14, the elders worship.
We find this pattern of praise followed by worship also in Revelation 7. In Revelation 7:9-11, both the Father and the Son are present (see Rev 6:16) and both are praised but only the Father is worshiped. This is significant. If we apply this pattern of praise followed by worship to Revelation 5:13, only the Father is worshiped there as well.
Worship the Creator
The message of the three angels, which will be proclaimed in the end-time, warns us to worship only the Creator (Rev 14:7) and Revelation identifies the Father as the Creator:
Firstly, that verse (14:7) commands us to both "fear God" and worship
the Creator, implying that the Creator is “God.” And, as argued, in
Revelation, "God" always refers to the Father.
Secondly, Revelation 4:10-11 identifies "Him who sits on the throne,”
who is also called “God,” as the Creator. Both these descriptions
always refer to the Father in distinction from the Son, for example:
- “Salvation to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb” (Rev 7:10; 5:13; 6:17; 4:9-10; 19:4)
Twice John attempts to worship the angel and in both instances, he is instructed to "worship God" (Rev 19:10; 22:9). Since Revelation always refers to the Father alone as God, and never refers to the Son as God, this is an instruction to worship the Father alone.
For the full article, see - Are both the Father and the Son worshipped in Revelation 5:14?