Acts 2:36 (ESV):
36 Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”
God has made Jesus both Lord and Christ. When did this happen?
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At birth, what titles did Jesus already possess?
Luke 2:11 & 21 (NKJV)
"For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord."
"And when eight days were completed for the circumcision of the Child, His name was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb."
At birth, what titles did Jesus already possess? God's angel said, "Christ the Lord". This is the first time that Jesus is referred to as both Christ and Lord in the flesh.
However, before Jesus' birth, how did David already refer to Jesus in his prophecy?
Matt. 22:43-44 (NIRV)
"He said to them, 'Then why does David call him 'Lord'? The Holy Spirit spoke through David himself. David said, ''The LORD said to my Lord, 'Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your control.'' (Psalm 110:1)"
How did David refer to Jesus in his prophecy? David said, "my Lord". Hence, Jesus' role as Christ the Lord was already promised beforehand.
Who is this Lord Jesus distinct from? David mentioned, "The LORD". This is so as not to confuse Jesus with the LORD God (Ps. 100:3) that made Jesus Lord (Acts 2:34-36).
Since when was Jesus's role prescribed and foreknown by God?
I Pet. 1:20 (NET)
"He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was manifested in these last times for your sake."
Since when was Jesus' role foreknown by God? Peter clarified, "foreknown before the foundation of the world". Hence, even before the world existed, God had already decided to make Him Lord and Christ.
The short answer is - we are not told when the decision of the Godhead decided to make Jesus the Messiah and propitiation for sin. However, we have some strong hints:
These texts are quote several times in the NT, including Acts 2:34, 35, and suggest that Jesus was appointed Messiah and the sacrificial Lamb before the time of David. In fact, the NT suggests it was well before David's time:
See also Matt 25:34, 13:35, Heb 4:3, etc. Thus, it appears that Jesus was appointed Messiah "before the foundation of the world". Thus, the sacrificial lamb was appointed before any human had even been made or even sinned - there is no greater teaching about God's love for us and His abundant grace than this.
I prefer the above, accepted answer (Luke 2:11) to my own, here. Although what I have stated is true, I think the accepted answer better answers the question.
Consequent upon his sufferings for sins ('he bore our sins in his own body on the tree', 1 Peter 2:24) and his yielding his life to eradicate sin, itself, in death ('he hath made him sin, that we might be made righteousness of God, in him', 2 Corinthians 5:21) Jesus Christ was 'raised from the dead by the glory of the Father', Romans 6:4, and, thus, was declared to be the Son of God :
... and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. [Romans 1:4 KJV]
Peter, and the other apostles, stated to the High Priest, in council, Acts 5:31, that :
... Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince (Ἀρχηγὸν) and a Saviour (Σωτῆρα), for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. [Acts 5:31 KJV]
Thus, by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ is declared to be the Son of God and by his ascension to the right hand of God he is declared to be the Archegos and the Soter.
The title Archegos is a personification of the concept Arche, a matter of foundational precedence ; one who, from the beginning, is not only a founder but one upon whom further progressive development will depend. This is Lordship, indeed.
Soter, or 'Saviour' expresses all that Messiah would be for Israel, all that the anointed one would do for the individual, and all that Christ will do for the Body : salvation 'to the uttermost', Hebrews 7:25.
So I would say that Peter's first declaration to the multitudes at Pentecost, in Acts 2:36, is further conveyed and explained in Acts 5:31 to the council of the Jews, and that the timing of the raising of Jesus of Nazareth to a place of Lordship and Anointed Saviourhood is his ascension and enthronement.
As one poster rightfully stated, Jesus Christ was already a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. (Luke 2:11). Those who deny the deity of Jesus Christ love to quote Acts 2:36 thinking this is one of those verses that prove Jesus was a created being.
The context clearly refutes this idea starting with Acts 2:29-30, where David died and was buried and he knew God would swore an oath to seat one of his descendants upon the throne.
At vs31, David looked ahead and spoke of the "RESURRECTION" of the Christ, that He was neither abandoned to Hades nor did His flesh suffer decay. Vs32, This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all WITNESSES."
Since this is true, Peter says at vs36, "THEREFORE" let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ--this Jesus whom you crucified."
It was the resurrection that "made" or "declared" that Jesus Christ is Lord and Savior. His resurrection revealed or established Jesus as Lord.
This is confirmed by the Apostle Paul at Romans 1:3-4, "concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh, vs4, WHO WAS DECLARED the Son of God with power BY THE RESURRECTION from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord."
When was Jesus made both Lord and Christ?
Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
Acts 2:36 (ESV): Let all the house of Israel, therefore, know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”
At His baptism when God anointed him with his holy spirit, descending upon him in the form of a dove. The term "Jesus Christ" was first heard from the lips of Jesus (John 17:3) and this is the point that Peter made at Pentecost, "God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus." This expression “Jesus Christ” is also used in the opening words of the Christian Greek Scriptures, Matthew 1:1.
At his birth, Jesus was not yet the Anointed One or Christ. In foretelling his birth, the angel instructed Joseph: “You must call his name Jesus.” (Mt 1:21) But when the shepherds near Bethlehem were given the angelic announcement, in anticipation of Jesus’ future role they were told: “There was born to you today a Savior, who is Christ the Lord,” that is, “who is to be Christ (the one to be anointed) the Lord.”(Luke 2:11)
Matthew 3:13-17 (NASB)
The Baptism of Jesus
13 Then Jesus *arrived from Galilee at the Jordan, coming to John to be baptized by him. 14 But John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I have the need to be baptized by You, and yet You are coming to me?” 15 But Jesus, answering, said to him, “Allow it at this time; for in this way it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he *allowed Him. 16 After He was baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and [a]he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and [b]settling on Him, 17 and behold, a voice from the heavens said, “This is [c]My beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”
John 17:3 (NASB)
3 And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.
"Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Messiah." (Acts 2:36; NIV)
When was Jesus made both Lord and Christ?
Our two basic carnal drives, sex and hunger, represented by the Copper Snake in the Wilderness and Jonah in the Whale, need to be restrained to enable us to achieve salvation. This God portrayed through the crucifixion of Jesus, cementing his Lordship and making him on the spot Christ, the Messiah.
Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.” (John 3:14,15; NIV)
For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Mat 12:40; NIV)
Consequently, it was on the cross that our Lord Jesus became Christ, the Messiah. He did so by fulfilling John the Baptist's prophecy in John 1:29 about the lamb that were going to take away the sins of the world.
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! (John 1:29; NIV)