The Book of Genesis does not mention Moses but in the middle 3 books Moses as the main protagonist and prophet is referred to in third person. In Deuteronomy however Moses speaks in first person mainly. Why the switch?

  • Interesting observation and question. For Genesis: because Moses was (just) compilator/redactor/editor. For Deutoronomy: ?
    – hannes
    Jul 28, 2013 at 9:16

2 Answers 2


Technically, Deuteronomy is written in third person.

  • The first five verses are in third person, ending with "Moses began to expound this law, saying:"
  • Moses speaks from chapter 2 through chapter 30, and the main narration begins again with chapter 31 with occasional dialogue
  • Moses recites a poem/song in chapter 32:1-43, and then the narration begins again in verse 44
  • In chapter 33, Moses blesses each tribe of Israel, and each blessing has a narrative, third person header.
  • Chapter 34 is all third person narration

So, to sum up, Deuteronomy is technically written in third person, but it seems like first person because it records Moses' last words.

  • I agree with yoou that there are large sections of Deuteronomy in 3rd person. However the vast majority is still first person which is not the case by the other books. But you make a good point that there is no narrative in the middle which might be the beginnings of answer Jul 31, 2013 at 3:16
  • 3
    My point wasn't to find exceptions to the first person, but rather that Deuteronomy is 3rd person narrative, but about 80%--90% or so of that narrative records Moses speaking to Israel. By contrast, Nehemiah would be a book that is actually written in first person. Parts of Daniel are also first person narrative. There is a difference between recorded dialogue (even if it's one-sided) and first person narrative.
    – James Dunn
    Jul 31, 2013 at 14:33

Deutoronomy or Debarim (The Words) is, what Moses spoke to Israel towards the end of their travels through the wildernis and deserts of Arabia, and it were his final words to them before he died and before they entered the land.

So much of it is direct speech it would have been unnatural, had he spoken of himself in third person after all these (almost 40 years). Moses - I believe - was not in danger anymore that he would transgress by exalting himself the way it had happened when he and Aaron had exalted themselves before Israel at Meriba.

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