In Genesis 26:34-35 (NASB)

When Esau was forty years old he married Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite; 35 and they brought grief to Isaac and Rebekah.

in Genesis 28:9 (NASB)

and Esau went to Ishmael, and married, besides the wives that he had, Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, the sister of Nebaioth.

and in Genesis 36:2-3 (NASB)

2 Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan: Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Oholibamah the daughter of Anah, the granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite; 3 also Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter, the sister of Nebaioth.

Searching with the terms "esau's wives" in Google I get the following result

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Spouse: Judith, Mahalath, Adah


Esau had three wives, that Wikipedia excerpt you share is correct (Judith, Mahalath, Adah). Oholibamah and Judith were the same woman.


Aholibamah (a descendant of Ishmael) was the daughter of Anah of Zibeon the Hivite. Her maternal grandfather was Zibeon the Hivite son of Seir the Horite.[3] She was one of two Canaanite women who married Esau, the son of Isaac, when he was in his forties. However, her In-Laws were greatly opposed to this union.[4] So as to pacify them, Esau changed her name to the Hebraic name "Judith".[5]

[3] Genesis 36:2

[4] Genesis 26:35

[5] Phillips, Exploring Genesis, p. 284, 285

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