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Acts 2:38. And Peter said to them, "Repent and be baptised every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit." ESV

Repent. If a person repents in obedience to God's command to repent [e.g. Acts 3:19], it happens with "the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey". Acts 5:32.

Baptised. "For in one Spirit we were all baptised into one Body". 1 Cor 12:13.

At repentance and baptism people would surely be aware of the presence of the Holy Spirit. How is "the gift" more than that?

Once a person has repented and been baptised the next step ["you will receive"] might be for them to find their place in the body of Christ. Could this be "the gift"?

Barnes commentary: "The gift of the Holy Spirit here does not mean his extraordinary gifts". My comment: Barnes does not appear to define "extraordinary gifts" e.g. would preaching be an extraordinary gift?

"the gift" sounds like a specific gift. "dorean" is singular and sounds to me particular as oppose to the general effect of the indwelling Holy Spirit.

Calvin: [biblehub.com commentaries] "Ye shall receive the gift of the Spirit. Because they saw the apostles suddenly begin to speak with strange tongues, Peter saith that they shall be partakers of the same gift if they will pass over unto Christ. Remission of sins and newness of life were the principal things, and this was, as it were, an addition, that Christ should show forth unto them his power by some visible gift...Therefore this doth not properly appertain to us". Calvin would not say that the Holy Spirit did not appertain to us but of tongues it appears to me that he did.

For Calvin "the gift" was witnessed by the senses, it was "visible", i.e. tongues.

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  • At repentance and baptism people would surely be aware of the presence of the Holy Spirit. How is "the gift" more than that? I think you have answered your own question. 'The gift' is he, himself. What he (thereafter) gives . . . . are 'the gifts of the Holy Spirit'. – Nigel J Dec 21 '20 at 14:18
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    @Nigel After repentance and baptism comes "you will receive", a future event yet to come. – C. Stroud Dec 21 '20 at 14:47
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We should immediately distinguish between:

  1. The Gift [ δωρεά singular] of the Holy Spirit as per Acts 2:38, 5:32, 10:45, Heb 6:4, etc. This is the miraculous power and work of the Holy Spirit Himself in the life of the Christian follower of Jesus. Rom 8:9
  2. The Gifts [χάρισμα plural] of the Holy Spirit as per, Heb 2:4, 1 Cor 12:4, 8, 9, 11, 14:12, etc. The various supernatural abilities bestowed and decided by the Holy Spirit as enumerated in various places such as 1 Cor 12.

In Acts 2:38 we may deduce the meaning by comparing the parallel v33:

  • V33 - Exalted, then, to the right hand of God, He has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.
  • V38 - Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

Thus, the "gift of the Holy Spirit" is the fulfillment of the "promise of the Holy Spirit", namely the miraculous presence of working of the Holy Spirit in the life of the Christian believer. We see the same thing in Acts 10:45.

Ellicott summarizes this distinction:

Ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.—The word for “gift” (dôrea) is generic, and differs from the more specific “gift” (charisma) of 1 Corinthians 12:4; 1 Corinthians 12:9; 1 Corinthians 12:28. The Apostle does not necessarily promise startling and marvellous powers, but in some way they should all feel that a new Spirit was working in them, and that that Spirit was from God.

Barnes reaches the same conclusion:

And ye shall receive ... - The gift of the Holy Spirit here does not mean his extraordinary gifts, or the power of working miracles, but it simply means, you shall partake of the influences of the Holy Spirit "as far as they may be adapted to your case" - as far as may be needful for your comfort, peace, and sanctification.

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  • With regard to your Ellicott quote, is that "a new Spirit" or [my words] "a renewing Spirit"? – C. Stroud Dec 23 '20 at 10:50
  • @C.Stroud - I presume Ellicott intends the former primarily but without excluding the latter. (I do not speak for him but that is how I understand him.) – Dottard Dec 23 '20 at 10:54
  • Apart from the Holy Spirit being given a second time I cannot imagine what "a new Spirit" is. – C. Stroud Dec 23 '20 at 11:20
  • @C.Stroud - Again, I am not a defender of Ellicott but the phrase does occur in Eze 18:31, 11:19, 36:36 and appears to refer to or be parallel with "new heart". – Dottard Dec 23 '20 at 20:14
  • Your Ellicott quote puts "a new Spirit" capital S meaning God. However the Ezekiel quotes all have small s e.g. 18:31 refers to Israel having a new spirit and 11:19 "and I will put a new spirit within you". In Ezekiel men, not God, get new spirits. It appears to me that to suggest "the gift" is a new Holy Spirit is odd. What happened to the old one? – C. Stroud Dec 31 '20 at 18:00
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Acts 8:20

Peter answered: "May your money perish with you, because you thought you could buy the gift of God [Θεοῦ genitive] with money!

In this case, the gift of God means a gift from God and the gift is not God himself.

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Acts 2:38 Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

gift
δωρεὰν (dōrean)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1431: A (free) gift, a gift (without repayment). From doron; a gratuity.

of the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Holy
Ἁγίου (Hagiou)
Adjective - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 40: Set apart by (or for) God, holy, sacred. From hagos; sacred.

Spirit.
Πνεύματος (Pneumatos)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4151: Wind, breath, spirit.

This is not dative but a genitive case of possession or genitive of identification. It refers to the Holy Spirit per se as a gift to the one being baptized.

A more convincing example of genitive of identification is Galatians 3:14

He redeemed us in order that the blessing given to Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus, so that by faith we might receive the promise of the Spirit.

We are to receive the Holy Spirit Himself as promised.

Genitive can be used as a genitive of source. In this case, it is used as a genitive of identification. Acts 10 confirms this:

44 While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit came on all who heard the message. 45 The circumcised believers who had come with Peter were astonished that the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out even on Gentiles.

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  • Gill's commentary:"the gift of the Holy Ghost....they had already...but rather the extraordinary gifts of the Spirit particularly the gift of tongues". – C. Stroud Dec 21 '20 at 15:00
  • Can you give me the link to that info? – Tony Chan Dec 21 '20 at 15:02
  • biblehub.com commentaries Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible – C. Stroud Dec 21 '20 at 15:10
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    Tony Chan : Holy spirit is like you said, it is referred to by a "neuter" noun in Greek. Consequently, it is never spoken of with a personal pronoun in Greek. It is a "which,"not a "who." It is an "it," not a "he" or" Himself." – Ozzie Ozzie Dec 21 '20 at 17:22
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    Dottard: Correct -ἐκεῖνος ( "that one") is a masculine demonstrative pronoun. Both “that one” and “he” in verses 13 and 14 refer back to “the helper” mentioned at John 16:7. Jesus used “the helper” (which is in the masculine gender in Greek) as a personification of the holy spirit, , which is in the neuter gender in Greek.​So when the Bible uses masculine personal pronouns in connection with pa·raʹkle·tos at John 16:7, 8, it is conforming to rules of grammar,. – Ozzie Ozzie Dec 22 '20 at 16:33
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1Cor. 12:

v4. There are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.

v7. But the manifestation of the Spirit is GIVEN to EACH ONE for the profit of ALL:

v8. for one is GIVEN the WORD OF WISDOM, to another the WORD OF KNOWLEDGE through the same Spirit,

v9. to another FAITH by the same Spirit, to another GIFTS OF HEALINGS by the same spirit,

v10. to another the WORKING OF MIRACLES, to another PROPHECY, to another DISCERNING OF sPIRITS, to another DIFFERENT KINDS OF TONGUES, to another the INTERPRETATION OF TONGUES.

v11. But one and the same Spirit works all these things, DISTRIBUTING to each one INDIVIDUALLY as He wills.

It’s my understanding that the word ‘GIVEN’ implies the ‘GIFT’ of the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:38), and what is written in the above verses from 1Cor. 12 coheres with what apostle Peter referred to, ‘... THE PROMISE ... (Acts 2:39)’ quoting what was spoken by the prophet Joel, Joel 2:28-32, in Acts 2:17-21.

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The question concerns the gifts Peter referenced from Joel 2:28-29.

"And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:

29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit." (KJV)

These are the gifts that Peter referred to, saying specifically,

"16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; 17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: 18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:" (Acts 2:16-18, KJV)

Peter restated the prophesy from Joel 2:28-29 when he denied the claims of the hecklers who were saying the apostles were drunk.

The gifts from the prophesy of Joel were those that Peter said would be poured out upon those who were baptized / immersed into Christ. Those gifts of the Spirit were prophesy, dreams, visions, speaking and interpreting foreign languages (tongues), healing. These were super-natural gifts that the Spirit enabled in those who were anointed in Christ.

These were publicly demonstrated, visible to the people as miracles in order to confirm the word, the gospel of Christ to the assemblies so that they could know of the kingdom of God, of Christ's sacrifice for them (and us) and so they could believe that Jesus was the Messiah.

The gifts were not an automatic result of their anointing / immersion. They were given through the laying on of the hands of the apostles AFTER the anointing, and were selective.

"9 But there was a certain man, called Simon, which beforetime in the same city used sorcery, and bewitched the people of Samaria, giving out that himself was some great one:....

"13 Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done. 14 Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John: 15 Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost:"

"16 (For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.) 17 Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost. 18 And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money,"

"19 Saying, Give me also this power, that on whomsoever I lay hands, he may receive the Holy Ghost. 20 But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish with thee, because thou hast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money. 21 Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter: for thy heart is not right in the sight of God."

"22 Repent therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray God, if perhaps the thought of thine heart may be forgiven thee. 23 For I perceive that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity. 24 Then answered Simon, and said, Pray ye to the Lord for me, that none of these things which ye have spoken come upon me." (Acts 8:9, 13-24, KJV)

Not everyone was given the gifts of the Spirit. This is why Paul told Timothy,

"Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure." (1 Tim 5:22, KJV)

The Holy Spirit guided the apostles and those they designated to help them so they would know who were truly repentant and worthy of the gifts. They were super-natural, miraculous, adding power and strength to the chosen ones who would do the work of the Spirit for the spreading of the gospel to the known world of that day. The entire purpose was to prove God's word was truly from God so the people would believe.

The gifts were not permanent. Paul told them that when that which was perfect had come those miraculous gifts would fade away (1 Cor. 13:1-10). The word perfect meant complete. Knowing in part, or partially, or some meant that each gift only allowed some knowledge to those that had been given a particular gift. The knowledge would be complete when the books of the NT were circulated and the destruction of Jerusalem had been accomplished.

That which was completed, or perfect was the establishment of the kingdom after the earthly temple had been destroyed. The gifts would die out after the apostles died because they would no longer be laying hands upon those anointed in Christ. Peter told them,

"For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call." (Acts 2:39, KJV)

The promise of the miraculous gifts of Joel 2: 28-29 were time limited to those that heard Peter on the day of Pentecost, to their children, and to the gentiles who were yet "far off" that would be grafted in.

The gifts of the Spirit were visibly seen and witnessed by the people in greater abilities as miraculous powers. We do not have those miraculous gifts today. When we are anointed (immersed) into Christ we have the promise of eternal life with our Father in heaven, and forgiveness of sins, of being clothed with Jesus' righteousness, and of being reunited in heaven with all of our fellow brothers and sisters in Christ who have gone before us.

That is because we have the written word of God through the scriptures He has preserved for us. He has given us all things pertaining to life and godliness (2 Pet.1:3). If we want to know the gospel of Christ and the plan of salvation we can read about it through the words of Holy Spirit.... which word was first proved to those of the 1st century AD by the miraculous gifts of the spirit.

The work of the Holy Spirit is spoken of in the OT in the same terms of greater strength and power, of prophesy and visions / dreams, of interpretation, of healing whenever the Spirit of the Lord came upon the chosen of God (Num. 11:25; Jud. 14:6; 15:14; Ex. 31:3-5; 1 Chron. 12:18; 1 Sam. 10:1-6; 1 Sam. 16:12-13; etc). The gifts were always to prove the will and the word of the Father; they always confirmed the word.

Additional reading: Gifts of the Spirit in the Old Testament

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What is “the gift” of the Holy Spirit in Acts 2:38?

God grants his spirit as a gift to people that repent and become baptized in the name of Jesus Christ, for the forgiveness of their sins. This gift enables the receivers of the gift to avoid the degrading works of the flesh and to cultivate the fruitage of the spirit.

Galatians 5:16-26 (NASB)

16 But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh. 17 For the desire of the flesh is against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, in order to keep you from doing whatever you want. 18 But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law.

The works of the flesh:

19 Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: sexual immorality, impurity, indecent behavior, 20 idolatry, witchcraft, hostilities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions, 21 envy, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these, of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.

The fruitage of the spirit is:

22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 24 Now those who [a]belong to Christ Jesus crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.25 If we live by the Spirit, let’s follow the Spirit as well. 26 Let’s not become boastful, challenging one another, envying one another.

Extra ordinary power in times of distress

2 Corinthians 4:7-10 (NASB)

7 But we have this treasure in [a]earthen containers so that the extraordinary greatness of the power will be of God and not from ourselves; 8 we are afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not despairing; 9 persecuted, but not abandoned; struck down, but not destroyed; 10 always carrying around in the body the dying of Jesus, so that the life of Jesus may also be revealed in our body.

Jesus assured his disciples that God’s spirit would help them preach and teach to all nations bring back to their minds the things he had taught them, and would help them to make a defense even before governors and kings.​

Preach the good news of the kingdom of God to all the nations.

Mark 13:9-11 (NASB)

9 “But [a]be on your guard; for they will hand you over to the [b]courts and you will be flogged in the synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them. 10 And the gospel must first be preached to all the nations. 11 And when they [c]arrest you and hand you over, do not worry beforehand about what you are to say, but say whatever is given you at that time; for you are not the ones speaking, but it is the Holy Spirit.

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  • Ozzie Your last sentence, the "effect of the Holy Spirit"? Is there any implication that the Holy Spirit is given twice, once at for Baptism and later "you will receive"? – C. Stroud Dec 23 '20 at 10:30
  • :The holy spirit is God’s “free gift,” which he gladly grants to those who sincerely seek and request it. (Ac 2:38; Lu 11:9-13) A right heart is the key factor (Ac 15:8), but knowledge and conformity to God’s requirements are also essential factors. (Comp Acts 5:32; 19:2-6.) Once received, the Christian should not ‘grieve’ God’s spirit by disregarding it (Eph 4:30; comp Isa 63:10), taking a course contrary to its leading, fixing the heart on goals other than that to which it points and impels, rejecting the inspired Word of God and its counsel and application to oneself. (Ac 7:51-53; 1Th 4:8; – Ozzie Ozzie Dec 23 '20 at 11:21
  • Ozzie This is not to do with the Bible. Your last sentence cuts off at "but it is the..." some printing problem? – C. Stroud Jan 12 at 11:26
  • C.Stoud: Correct tks, I copy-paste the verses from bible gateway, the last word was left out. – Ozzie Ozzie Jan 12 at 14:46

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