Galatians 5:22-23 (NIV),

22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law.

Is the list given above exhaustive? Or are there other spiritual fruit available and producible in the life of the Christian believer?

I am thinking Paul could have, for example, listed things like holiness, courage, and etc.

  • These are the fruits of Him who is The Holy Spirit. His presence (within) is the holiness from which the fruits proceed. So each one of the fruits may be, each, seen as an holy fruit. Courage is associated with faith, usualy.
    – Nigel J
    Oct 5 '20 at 6:43

Human language is imperfect and ambiguous, so different virtues overlap sometimes, or at least their fringes embrace each other; and there are many shades of smilingly one and the same virtue, so that even more nuanced language and terms can be invented to express them (like "compassion" and "empathy" are nearly the same but perhaps not entirely the same); and sometimes one language is more apt to express certain shade of a notion than another.

But the general principle can be drawn from James 1:17: "Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights"; thus, since the Father of Lights dispenses His riches and goodness to us through the Holy Spirit, thus anything good and divine you can think of or name can be freely ascribed to the Holy Spirit and thus neither Paul's mentioned list is exhaustive, unless he intended (which I doubt to be the case) to name all general virtues of which all other virtues would be nuances and variations (for instance the "holiness" mentioned by you a variation of "faithfulness" for the second is the cause of the first, for we are made holy by being faithful to His commandments).

  • "their fringes embrace each other" - What a beautiful phrase! Oct 5 '20 at 8:58
  • 1
    @PieterRousseau Thanks for the kind words! This phrase came to my mind somehow unexpectedly in the attempt to express the idea. Oct 5 '20 at 18:07

The Fruit of the Spirit

Galatians 5:22-23 (NIV),

22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law.

The expression “such things” implies that the fruitage of God's spirit is not limited to the nine features listed here. The Christian personality is made up of these and other qualities, all of which are produced with the help of the holy spirit.​ Compare below.

Ephesians 4:24,32 NASB

24 And put on the new [a]self, which [b]in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth 32 Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven [a]you..

Colossians 3:12-15 NET

Exhortation to Unity and Love

12 Therefore, as the elect of God, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with a heart of mercy,[a] kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience, 13 bearing with one another and forgiving[b] one another, if someone happens to have[c] a complaint against anyone else. Just as the Lord has forgiven you, so you also forgive others.[d] 14 And to all these[e] virtues[f] add[g] love, which is the perfect bond.[h] 15 Let the peace of Christ be in control in your heart (for you were in fact called as one body[i] to this peace), and be thankful.

James 3:17-18 NKJV

17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, willing to yield, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality and without hypocrisy. 18 Now the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.


New King James Version, Romans 6:22

But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life.

Holiness is part of the fruit through our service to God.

T. Chalmers, D. D. https://biblehub.com/sermons/auth/chalmers/fruit_unto_holiness.htm

It is remarkable that Paul speaks of holiness as the fruit, and not as the principle of our service to God — as the effect which that service has upon the character, and not as the impelling moral power which led to the service. And this accords with ver. 19, where they who had yielded their members servants to iniquity are represented as having thereby reaped fruit unto iniquity — or, in other words, as having, by their own sinful work, aggravated and confirmed the sinfulness of their own characters. And, on the other hand, they who had yielded their members servants to righteousness, are represented as having reaped thereby fruit unto holiness — or, in other words, they, by doing that which was right, rectified their own moral frames; and a perseverance in holy conduct made them at length to be holy creatures

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