The phrase "eyes of the LORD" in the OT is frequent and denotes several things including:
- God's omniscience; Prov 22:12, 2 Chron 16:9
- God's righteous judgement of actions; Amos 9:8, 1 Kings 15:5, Judges 3:12, 2 Chron 27:2, 29:6, 2 Chron 34:2
- God's watch care of His people; Deut 11:12, Prov 15:3, Judges 6:1, 13:1
Fascinatingly, Zechariah contains two references to a specific number of the LORD's eyes, namely Seven.
- Zech 4:10 - For who has despised the day of small things? But these seven eyes of the LORD, which scan the whole earth, will rejoice when they see the plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel.”
These highly symbolic seven eyes are actually introduced in the previous chapter as a metaphor of the God's omniscience
- Zech 3:9 - See the stone I have set before Joshua; on that one stone are seven eyes. Behold, I will engrave on it an inscription, declares the LORD of Hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of this land in a single day.
It is as if the LORD is combined into a dual metaphor of both the "rock" and the completely seeing (omniscient) seeing seven eyes.
Even more interestingly, the NT takes up this same metaphor in Revelation as a symbol of Christ:
- Rev 5:6 - Then I saw a Lamb who appeared to have been slain, standing in the center of the throne, encircled by the four living creatures and the elders. The Lamb had seven horns and seven eyes, which represent the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the earth.
The allusion to Zechariah is unmistakable! The number seven presumably represents completeness, in this case of seeing or knowledge, or in more technical speak: omniscience.