Job like his friends, took God for a distant “vending machine”. Similar to the New Age thinking of today (nothing new under the sun), “think the right thoughts and good things will come to you” or the “law of attraction”. This is evident when Job is especially careful how he phrases himself.
“And he said, “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return. The Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord.” In all this Job did not sin or charge God with wrong.”
Job did not charge God with wrong because he did not want to upset his positive speech, positive thoughts and positive faith to attract positive things into his life. Little did Job realize that another divine council meeting would take place and a second wave would follow.
Fact is, Job did not have a personal relationship with God, it was a distant relationship
“I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear;”
Just to drive the point home that Job with his lips was refusing to say what was in his heart consider,
“but he who fails to find me injures himself; all who hate me love death.””
Simultaneously consider the details Scripture emphasizes.
“But he said to her, “You speak as one of the foolish women would speak. Shall we receive good from God, and shall we not receive evil?” In all this Job did not sin with his lips.”
“Those who hate God love death” says the Scriptures. Was this not what Job was seeking? Did Job not love death and therefore without saying so directly hated God for his pain?
*““Why did I not DIE at birth, come out from the womb and expire?
Or why was I not as a hidden stillborn child, as infants who never see the light?
“Why is light given to him who is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul, who long for death, but it comes not, and dig for it more than for hidden treasures, who rejoice exceedingly and are glad when they find the grave?”
Job 3:11, 16, 20-22
Job was exceptionally careful to lead an upright life, he got ‘righteous living’ down to a science all without ever having a relationship with the God of righteousness. And for that reason God had to stand against Job’s prideful way.
Ultimately Job recognizes the error of his ways but the divine council meeting highlighted Job at God’s initiative not the Accuser’s that he thought he could get all the benefits of righteous living whilst cutting God out and failing to...
“...ascribe righteousness to his Maker.”
This brings us to the next point, the divine council meetings
In the ancient thinking God or the God of heaven had a divine council. The “nations” were all initially accountable to Him but after the rebellion of Babel the God of Heaven divided the people by languages, geographic locations and apportioned different gods/elohim to represent them before Him. These gods were not yet corrupted. Their corruption would follow.
“When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, when he divided mankind, he fixed the borders of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God.”
It was the understanding of the ancients that decisions were taken in this divine council and ultimately the Most High or the God of Heaven made the final call.
This is exactly how Job starts in the first two chapters.
“Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and the Accuser (satan) also came among them.”
“Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and the Accuser (satan) also came among them to present himself before the Lord.”
This is the exact same council meeting that Micaiah speaks of and the same council meeting that explains many other events in the OT, (Moab’s victory over the three armies, the Ethiopians fleeing, David’s census) which make little to no sense otherwise. Psalm 89 says the council meeting is held in the sky and psalm 82 vividly describes not only the council, the corruption of the council members (gods/elohim) but also the regaining of all the nations back onto the God of Heaven
“How long will you judge unjustly and show partiality to the wicked? Selah”
This verse might indicate that all these events in Job took place prior to the Babel event. (Or that Job was of Abraham’s lineage (less likely historically)).
It’s in this context of a divine council that the ancients including Job’s family members understood that ultimately none of the events that took place were outside the realm of the God of Heaven’s decrees. Yes the gods were assigned with the task of judgment but ultimately God Most High signed off on the final pronouncement.
“Then came to him all his brothers and sisters and all who had known him before, and ate bread with him in his house. And they showed him sympathy and comforted him for ALL the EVIL that the Lord had brought upon him. And each of them gave him a piece of money and a ring of gold.”
No man could be touched without express permission from the Most High because men are the image bearers of the Most High and represent Him on the earth.
It’s for this reason, namely divine council, that much of the language in the NT revolves around a courtroom or council meeting with judgments and petitioning. It comes right out of the OT.