When analyzing biblical Temples of YHVH in context to the Tanakh & Gospels, Yerushalem (יְרֽוּשָׁלִָ֑ם) has already experienced the construction of 3 Temples built to honor YHVH (prior to 70 AD) :

#1. The-Temple of the-King Shlomoh (הַמֶּ֚לֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה֙) in [1 Kings 6];

#2. The-Temple (הַֽהֵיכָ֔ל) of Ezra (עֶזְרָא֙) in [Ezra 4] / Nechemiah (נְחֶמְיָ֖ה) in [Nehemiah 6] ;

#3. The Temple (ναοῦ) of the Body (σώματος) of Yeshua (Jesus) Ha-Mashiach (the-Messiah) in [John 2:21].

Yet in Ezekiel 44:1-3 [MT], the prophet Yechezeqel (יְחֶזְקֵ֨אל) describes a 4th Temple which YHVH the God of Yisrael (יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל) will enter through the East Gate while The-Prince (הַנָּשִׂ֗יא) eats bread in front of Him.

Ezekiel 44:1-3 [MT]

  • "And he brought me back by way of the Outer Sanctuary Gate that faces eastward, and it was closed." (וַיָּ֣שֶׁב אֹתִ֗י דֶּ֣רֶךְ שַׁ֚עַר הַמִּקְדָּשׁ֙ הַֽחִיצ֔וֹן הַפֹּנֶ֖ה קָדִ֑ים וְה֖וּא סָגֽוּר).

  • "And YHVH said to me; This gate shall be closed, it shall not be opened, and no man shall come through it, for YHVH God of Israel comes through it, and it shall be closed." (וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אֵלַ֜י יְהֹוָ֗ה הַשַּׁ֣עַר הַזֶּה֩ סָג֨וּר יִהְיֶ֜ה לֹ֣א יִפָּתֵ֗חַ וְאִישׁ֙ לֹֽא־יָ֣בֹא ב֔וֹ כִּ֛י יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בָּ֣א ב֑וֹ וְהָיָ֖ה סָגֽוּר).

  • "The Prince - He the Prince - shall sit therein to eat bread before YHVH by the way of the hall of the gate he shall come, and by the same way he shall leave." (אֶת-הַנָּשִׂיא, נָשִׂיא הוּא יֵשֶׁב-בּוֹ לאכול- (לֶאֱכָל-) לֶחֶם--לִפְנֵי יְהוָה; מִדֶּרֶךְ אוּלָם הַשַּׁעַר יָבוֹא, וּמִדַּרְכּוֹ יֵצֵא. ).

[Reference : https://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/16142/jewish/Chapter-44.htm]

What would the purpose of this 4th Temple be on Earth? - Perhaps the 4th Temple relates to the New Eden, described in Revelation 22 [NIV] : "The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his servants will serve him."

[Reference: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation%2022&version=NIV]

Based on biblical references to 4 Temples in the Tanakh & Gospels - Must Ezekiel 44:1-3 be fulfilled prior to the new Eden of Revelation 22?


The third and final temple was built by Jesus as a spiritual house composed of living stones (people):

[1Pe 2:5 NLT] (5) And you are living stones that God is building into his spiritual temple. What's more, you are his holy priests. Through the mediation of Jesus Christ, you offer spiritual sacrifices that please God.

The book of Revelation is about the judgment and destruction of earthly Jerusalem, the earthly temple, the Sinai covenant, the sacrificial system and the special relationship that the Jews had with God based on national and ethnic identity, and the arrival of the new Jerusalem, the heavenly temple, the new covenant, the new priesthood and the Israel of God.

God is through with earthly temples which were a shadow of the heavenly temple.

As evidence I point to this excellent analysis that shows that Ezekiel’s temple is the temple that the elders wept over:

Ezekiel’s Temple 4

The spiritual temple is Christ and his body.

  • 1
    Ruminator, Thank you for sharing your resources to help make sense of Ezekiel's 4th Temple. – חִידָה Sep 3 '20 at 19:59
  • Yeah, it was a thrill when I came across that! – Ruminator Sep 3 '20 at 20:02

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