The answer to this question is dependant on your view of eschatology - and there are several.
One difference in eschatological views is over whether the empire following the Grecian empire under Alexander the Great is the the Roman or the Ottoman empires. Most ascribe this to Rome - but not all. The Roman Empire had two distinct ‘branches’, the western centred on Rome, and the Eastern centred on Constantinople. This relates to the two ‘legs’ in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream. And, the Eastern ‘leg’ outlasted the western by 100s of years.
So, the area of Turkey can be related to both the Ottoman Empire, and the Roman Empire. So the ‘coming world Empire’ which will be reconstituted out of this previous empire could be centred around that area, BUT could be seen to be associated with either the Roman or Ottoman empires - hence the debate.
However, one issue ( for non-Preterists) with fitting the Ottoman Empire (Caliphate) into the ‘picture’ is that this Empire sits well outside of Daniel’s 70 weeks prophesy - as the Ottoman Empire wasn’t established until well after Jesus death. (13th Century). (Although some present arguments around this.)
Like I said, there are many views, and the debate goes on.