Male bias/chauvinism in Revelation 14:4?
This 144,000 is a special group of people in Revelation. Are they all male?
In short to your question, the answer is NO. For “there is neither male nor female” as far as the spiritual relationship of Christ’s joint-heirs is concerned. Gal. 3:28
Galatians 3:28 (NET Bible)
28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free,
there is neither male nor female[b]—for all of you are one in Christ
These are those who did not defile themselves with women,
The fact that the 144,000 “are virgins” does not mean that members of this special group are necessarily unmarried in the flesh. The apostle Paul wrote to Christians who had a heavenly calling that, marriage is preferable under certain circumstances.
The Apostle Peter is shown to be a married man, his wife apparently accompanied him on some of his missions, as did the wives of others of the apostles. (1 Corinthians 9:5) His mother-in-law lived in his home, one he shared with his brother Andrew. Mark 1:29-31.
1 Corinthians 7:1-2 (NET Bible)
7 Now with regard to the issues you wrote about: “It is good for a man
not to have sexual relations with a woman.”[a] 2 But because of
immoralities, each man should have relations with[b] his own wife and
each woman with her own husband.
1 Corinthians 7:36-37 (NET Bible)
36 If anyone thinks he is acting inappropriately toward his virgin,[a]
if she is past the bloom of youth[b] and it seems necessary, he should
do what he wishes; he does not sin. Let them marry. 37 But the man who
is firm in his commitment, and is under no necessity but has control
over his will, and has decided in his own mind to keep his own virgin,
What characterizes this special group is their spiritual virginity. They have avoided spiritual adultery with worldly politics and with false religion.
James 4:4 (NASB)
4 You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is
hostility toward God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the
world makes himself an enemy of God.
Today, billions of humans are involved in various forms of false religion that can be traced back to ancient Babylon. (Genesis 11:6-9) Collectively, those religions are designated as, “Babylon the Great".
Revelation 17:5 (NET Bible)
5 On her forehead was written a name, a mystery: “Babylon the Great,
the Mother of prostitutes and of the detestable things of the earth.”
Philippians 2:15 (NET Bible)
15 So that you may be blameless and pure, children of God without
blemish though you live in a crooked and perverse society, in which
you shine as lights in the world[a]